Jisho

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Words — 2536 found

Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to run
  • あの
  • はし走ってる
  • しょうねん少年
  • ごらんなさい
  • Look at that boy running.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to run (of a vehicle); to drive; to travel; to move; to sail
  • この
  • れっしゃ列車
  • とうきょう東京
  • おおさか大阪
  • あいだ
  • はし走ります
  • This train runs between Tokyo and Osaka.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to rush (to); to dash; to race
  • かれ
  • バス
  • めざ目指して
  • けんめい懸命に
  • はし走った
  • He made a dash for the bus.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
4. to retreat; to flee; to defect (to)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
5. to run away; to abscond; to elopeocc. 奔る
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
6. to flash (of lightning); to streak; to shoot (through; e.g. of pain); to run (through); to flare; to flit (e.g. across one's face); to spread quickly (of news, shock, etc.)
  • ふる震え
  • せすじ背筋
  • はし走った
  • A shiver ran down my spine.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
7. to go (e.g. bad, to extremes); to become; to turn; to take to (e.g. crime); to get carried away by (e.g. one's emotions); to get involved in; to get wrapped up inas 〜に走る; occ. 趨る
  • 耐えられない
  • あっぱく圧迫
  • から
  • のが逃れる
  • ために
  • じさつ自殺
  • はし走る
  • こども子供たち
  • いる
  • Some children resort to suicide in order to escape from unbearable pressure.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
8. to run (through; of a road, street, etc.); to extend (e.g. of a mountain range); to stretch; to lie
  • みち
  • くねくねと
  • はたけ
  • なか
  • はし走っていた
  • The road wound through the fields.
Wikipedia definition
9. RunningRunning is a means of terrestrial locomotion allowing hum... Read more
Other forms
奔る 【はしる】趨る 【はしる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to become; to get; to grow; to turn; to reach; to attainUsually written using kana alone
  • あなた
  • いなくなる
  • とても
  • さび寂しく
  • なります
  • When you go, I'll miss you very much.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to result in; to turn out; to end up; to prove (to be)Usually written using kana alone
  • いっしゅうかん1週間
  • して
  • その
  • ニュース
  • ほんとう本当に
  • なった
  • The news turned out true in a week.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to consist of; to be composed of; to be made up ofUsually written using kana alone, as ...からなる or ...よりなる
  • チーム
  • にん
  • せんしゅ選手
  • から
  • 成る
  • Nine players make up a team.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
4. to be completed; to be realized; to succeed; to be attained; to be accomplishedUsually written using kana alone
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
5. to change (into); to turn (into); to transformUsually written using kana alone
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
6. to come (to do); to begin (to do); to grow (to do)Usually written using kana alone
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
7. to come to; to amount to; to add up to; to makeUsually written using kana alone
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
8. to play (the part of); to act asUsually written using kana alone
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
9. to be used for; to be useful for; to serve asUsually written using kana alone
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
10. to be promotedShogi
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with 'ru' ending
11. to do ...Honorific or respectful (sonkeigo) language, Usually written using kana alone, as お + masu stem + になる or ご + noun+ になる
Place
12. Naru
Other forms
為る 【なる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
1. to be aware of; to know; to be conscious of; to cognize; to cognise
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
2. to notice; to feel
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
3. to understand; to comprehend; to grasp
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
4. to remember; to be acquainted with (a procedure)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
5. to experience; to go through; to learn
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
6. to be acquainted with (a person); to get to know
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
7. to concern
Other forms
識る 【しる】
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Common word JLPT N5 Wanikani level 16 Play audio Show inflections Show 57 collocations Links
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
1. to take; to pick up; to grab; to catch
  • おさらお皿
  • 取った
  • もの
  • ぜんぶ全部
  • 食べ
  • なさい
  • You'd better eat everything that's on your plate.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
2. to pass; to hand; to give
  • しお
  • とって
  • いただけます
  • Could you pass me the salt, please?
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
3. to get; to obtain; to acquire; to win; to receive; to earn; to take (e.g. a vacation)
  • かれ
  • すうがく数学
  • まんてん満点
  • 取った
  • He got full marks in mathematics.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
4. to adopt (a method, proposal, etc.); to take (a measure, attitude, etc.); to choose
  • ろうじん老人
  • ごうまんごう慢な
  • たいど態度
  • とった
  • The old man assumed an impudent attitude.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
5. to remove; to get rid of; to take off
  • にく
  • から
  • あぶらみ脂身
  • 取り
  • なさい
  • Trim the fat off the meat.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
6. to take away; to steal; to rob
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
7. to eat; to have (e.g. lunch); to take (e.g. vitamins)See also 摂る
  • すいぶん水分
  • たくさん
  • 取って
  • ください
  • You should drink a lot of liquid.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
8. to pick (e.g. flowers); to gather; to extract (e.g. juice); to catch (e.g. fish)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
9. to take up (time, space); to occupy; to spare; to set aside
  • かれ
  • しごと仕事
  • じぶん自分
  • じかん時間
  • すべ全て
  • 取られている
  • Business absorbs all his time.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
10. to secure; to reserve; to save; to put aside; to keep
  • ざせき座席
  • とって
  • おいて
  • ください
  • Please save my place.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
11. to take (e.g. a joke); to interpret; to understand; to make out; to grasp
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
12. to record; to take down
  • せんせい先生
  • ノート
  • 取る
  • こと
  • たいせつ大切さ
  • きょうちょう強調
  • した
  • The teacher stressed the importance of taking notes.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
13. to subscribe to (e.g. a newspaper); to take; to buy; to get
  • どんな
  • ざっし雑誌
  • とっています
  • What magazines do you subscribe to?
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
14. to order; to have delivered
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
15. to charge; to fine; to take (tax)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
16. to take (e.g. a wife); to take on (e.g. an apprentice); to adopt; to accept
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
17. to compete (in sumo, cards, etc.); to play
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
1. to make; to produce; to manufacture; to build; to construct造る usu. for large-scale building, manufacturing, etc.; 創る usu. for creating
  • どこ
  • 行って
  • かれ
  • かなら必ず
  • ともだち友達
  • つく作る
  • Wherever he may go, he is sure to make friends.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
2. to prepare (food); to brew (alcohol)
  • たまご
  • 割らず
  • オムレツ
  • つく作れない
  • You can't make an omelet without breaking eggs.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
3. to raise; to grow; to cultivate; to trainSee also 野菜を作る
  • あなた
  • さいえん菜園
  • つく作れる
  • こくもつ穀物
  • やさい野菜
  • 食べて
  • せいかつ生活
  • する
  • ほう
  • ずっと
  • やすあ安上がり
  • It's much cheaper to live on grains and vegetables you can grow in your garden.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
4. to till
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
5. to draw up (a document); to make out; to prepare; to write
  • ぶんぽうてき文法的に
  • ただ正しい
  • ぶんしょう文章
  • つく作る
  • よう
  • こころ心がける
  • べき
  • You should try to produce grammatical sentences.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
6. to create (an artistic work, etc.); to compose
    DTP
  • ほん
  • つく作れば
  • やす安い
  • はや早い
  • まさに
  • いっきょりょうとく一挙両得
  • Desktop publishing lets you produce books quickly and cheaply. It's like killing two birds with one stone.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
7. to coin (a phrase); to organize; to organise; to establish; to found
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
8. to have (a child)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
9. to make up (one's face, etc.)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
10. to fabricate (an excuse, etc.)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
11. to give a (false) appearance; to feign (a smile, etc.); to put on a show of emotion
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
12. to form (a line, etc.)
  • れいがい例外
  • つく作る
  • べきではない
  • おも思います
  • I insist that exceptions not be made.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
13. to set (a record)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
14. to commit (a sin, etc.)
Other forms
造る 【つくる】創る 【つくる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to get on (train, plane, bus, ship, etc.); to get in; to board; to take; to embark
    11
  • 時の
  • れっしゃ列車
  • 乗る
  • つもり
  • です
  • I'm catching the 11:00 train.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to get on (e.g. a footstool); to step on; to jump on; to sit on; to mountSee also 載る のる
  • そんなに
  • たくさん沢山
  • パン
  • 乗る
  • You really put that much in the sandwich?
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to reach; to go over; to pass
  • だま騙された
  • といと言ってしまえばそれまで
  • です
  • 、「
  • うまい話
  • 乗った
  • とうにん当人
  • である
  • こと
  • まちが間違いありません
  • If you say "I was tricked," well that's certainly so but there's no mistaking that you were the one who signed up on a "sweet deal".
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
4. to follow; to stay (on track); to go with (the times, etc.)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
5. to take part; to participate; to join
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
6. to get into the swing (and sing, dance, etc.)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
7. to be deceived; to be taken in
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
8. to be carried; to be spread; to be scatteredusu. with an adverb of manner, e.g. よく乗る
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
9. to stick; to attach; to take; to go onusu. with an adverb of manner, e.g. よく乗る
Other forms
乘る 【のる】
Notes
乘る: Out-dated kanji or kanji usage.
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb, Auxiliary verb
1. to end; to come to an end; to close; to finish
Other forms
終る 【おわる】了わる 【おわる】卒わる 【おわる】畢わる 【おわる】竟わる 【おわる】了る 【おわる】卒る 【おわる】畢る 【おわる】竟る 【おわる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to ascend; to go up; to climb
  • あなた
  • 上れません
  • You cannot climb!
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun); to riseusu. 昇る
  • その
  • とき
  • たいよう太陽
  • のぼる
  • ところ
  • だった
  • The sun was coming up then.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to go to (the capital)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
4. to be promoted
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
5. to add up to
  • そんしつ損失
  • 100
  • まん
  • ドル
  • いじょう以上
  • のぼる
  • The loss adds up to more than one million dollars.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
6. to advance (in price)
  • ぶっか物価
  • 上っている
  • Prices are rising.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
7. to swim up (a river); to sail up
  • かれ彼ら
  • かわ
  • ふね
  • こいで
  • 上った
  • They rowed up the river.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
8. to come up (on the agenda)
  • ぎだい議題
  • 上っている
  • こうもく項目
  • ぎろん議論
  • つづ続けましょう
  • Let's proceed with the items on the agenda.
Other forms
登る 【のぼる】昇る 【のぼる】陞る 【のぼる】
Notes
陞る: Out-dated kanji or kanji usage.
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to stop (moving); to come to a stop
  • そして
  • でんしゃ電車
  • キーッ
  • という
  • おとをた音を立てて
  • 止まった
  • Then, the train screeched to a halt.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to stop (doing, working, being supplied); to come to a halt; to cease; to be stopped; to be suspended
  • じゅうぶん十分な
  • じょうほう情報
  • うけと受け取る
  • ことができなかった
  • という
  • りゆう理由
  • いちぶ一部
  • には
  • あって
  • 、ハーパー
  • びょうしゃ描写
  • ふかんぜん不完全な
  • もの
  • とどまっている
  • Partly because he could not receive enough information, Harper's description remains imperfect.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to alight; to perch on
  • あの
  • えだ
  • すう
  • とり
  • とまっている
  • Some birds are sitting on the branch of that tree.
Other forms
留まる 【とまる】停まる 【とまる】駐まる 【とまる】止る 【とまる】留る 【とまる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
1. to cut; to cut through; to perform (surgery)
    2.
  • だいこん大根
  • ひょうしぎ拍子木
  • 切る
  • 2. Cut the daikon into long sticks.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
2. to sever (connections, ties)See also 縁を切る
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
3. to turn off (e.g. the light)
  • エアコン
  • 切って
  • かまいません
  • Do you mind if I turn off the AC?
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
4. to terminate (e.g. a conversation); to hang up (the phone); to disconnectSee also 電話を切る
    「スミス
  • さん
  • おねがお願い
  • したい
  • のです
  • 」「
  • そのまま
  • 切らず
  • お待ち
  • ください
  • "May I speak to Mr Smith?" "Will you hold the line?"
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
5. to punch (a ticket); to tear off (a stub)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
6. to open (something sealed)
  • いったん
  • ふう
  • 切る
  • その
  • テープ
  • へんぴん返品
  • できません
  • Once you break the seal, you can't return the tape.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
7. to start
  • てんしょく転職
  • ひっこ引っ越し
  • して
  • しんきいってん心機一転
  • あら新たな
  • スタート
  • 切った
  • I quit my job and moved so I could start off with a clean slate.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
8. to set (a limit); to do (something) in less or within a certain time; to issue (cheques, vouchers, etc.)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
9. to reduce; to decrease; to discountSee also 値切る
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
10. to shake off (water, etc.); to let drip-dry; to let drain
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
11. to cross; to traverse
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
12. to criticize sharply
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
13. to act decisively; to do (something noticeable); to go first; to make (certain facial expressions, in kabuki)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
14. to turn (vehicle, steering wheel, etc.)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
15. to curl (a ball); to bend; to cut
  • トランプ
  • よく
  • 切って
  • ください
  • Please shuffle the cards carefully.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
16. to shuffle (cards)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
17. to discard a tileMahjong
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
18. to dismiss; to sack; to let go; to expulse; to excommunicate
    ハリー
  • なんとか
  • その
  • かわ
  • およ泳ぎ
  • きった
  • Harry managed to swim across the river.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
19. to dig (a groove); to cut (a stencil, on a mimeograph)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
20. to trumpSee also 切り札
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
21. to cut (the connection between two groups) (in go)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
22. to start a fire (with wood-wood friction or by striking a metal against stone)also written as 鑽る
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
23. to draw (a shape) in the air (with a sword, etc.)
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with 'ru' ending
24. to finish; to completeSee also 疲れきる, after the -masu stem of a verb
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
1. to stick; to paste; to affixesp. 貼る
  • あなた
  • がんしょ願書
  • さいきん最近の
  • しゃしん写真
  • 貼り
  • なさい
  • Attach a recent photograph to your application form.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb, Transitive verb
2. to stretch; to spread; to strain; to tighten; to put up (tent)
  • クモ
  • くものすクモの巣
  • 張る
  • ところ
  • 見た
  • ことがあります
  • Have you ever seen a spider spinning its web?
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to form (e.g. ice on a pond)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb, Transitive verb
4. to fill; to swell
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
5. to stick out; to put; to slap
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
6. to post (a link, etc. online)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
7. to be expensive
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
8. to keep a watch on; to be on the lookout
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
9. to become one tile away from completionMahjong, Only applies to 張る, See also テンパる, See also 聴牌
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
10. to span; to generateMathematics
Other forms
貼る 【はる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
1. to take (a photo)esp. 撮る
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Transitive verb
2. to record (video, audio, etc.); to make (a film)esp. 録る
Other forms
録る 【とる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to understand; to comprehend; to grasp; to see; to get; to followUsually written using kana alone
    「博、
  • きみ君の
  • きも気持ち
  • 分かる
  • マイク
  • 言います
  • "I understand how you feel, Hiroshi," says Mike.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to become clear; to be known; to be discovered; to be realized; to be realised; to be found outUsually written using kana alone
  • かれ
  • ゆうめい有名な
  • じんぶつ人物
  • いう
  • わかります
  • I understand that he's something of a famous personality.
3. I know!; I think so too!
Other forms
解る 【わかる】判る 【わかる】分る 【わかる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to enter; to go intoAntonym: 出る
  • わたし
  • もり
  • なか
  • はい入って
  • やま
  • かけあ駆け上がった
  • こと
  • こうかい後悔
  • していない
  • 。」
  • おとうと
  • こた答えた
  • "I do not regret having gone into the forest and up the mountain," replied the younger brother.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to break into
  • おたくお宅
  • きゅうか休暇
  • でかけ出かけている
  • あいだ
  • どろぼう泥棒
  • はい入りました
  • A burglar broke into your house while you were away on vacation.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to join; to enroll
    18
  • さい
  • ごまかして
  • とお通る
  • なら
  • かれ
  • ぐんたい軍隊
  • はい入り
  • たい
  • のだ
  • If he could pass for eighteen years old, he'd join the army.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
4. to contain; to hold; to accommodate
    18
  • さい
  • いか以下
  • ひと
  • アルコール
  • はい入った
  • のみもの飲み物
  • 買って
  • いけない
  • ことになっています
  • People under eighteen aren't supposed to buy alcoholic drinks.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
5. to have (an income of)
  • かれ
  • げっしゅう月収
  • 2000
  • ドル
  • かね
  • はい入る
  • He has a monthly income of 2,000 dollars.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
6. to get turned on; to start functioning; to start working
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
7. to get; to obtain; to receive; to score
Other forms
這入る 【はいる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to fall (of rain, snow, ash, etc.); to come down
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to form (of frost)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to beam down (of sunlight or moonlight); to pour in
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
4. to visit (of luck, misfortune, etc.); to come; to arrive
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to return; to come home; to go home; to go backSee also 返る
  • こいびと恋人
  • われ
  • かえ帰れ
  • Lover, come back to me.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to leaveof a guest, customer, etc.
    11
  • 過ぎる
  • きゃく
  • たち
  • 三々五々
  • かえ帰り
  • はじ始めた
  • After 11 o'clock the guests began to leave by twos and threes.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to get home; to get to home plateBaseball
Other forms
還る 【かえる】歸る 【かえる】
Notes
歸る: Out-dated kanji or kanji usage.
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to take (a resource, e.g. time or money)Usually written using kana alone, See also 時間がかかる
  • あれだけ
  • コイン
  • しゅうしゅう収集
  • する
  • のに
  • どれだけ
  • としつき年月
  • かかりました
  • How long did it take you to collect so many coins?
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
2. to hangUsually written using kana alone
  • かべ
  • ちず地図
  • かかっています
  • There is a map on the wall.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
3. to come into view; to arriveUsually written using kana alone, See also お目にかかる
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
4. to come under (a contract, a tax)Usually written using kana alone
  • しょとくぜい所得税
  • こうじょがく控除額
  • うわまわ上回る
  • いかなる
  • しょとく所得
  • にも
  • かかる
  • An income tax is levied on any income that exceeds deductions.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
5. to start (engines, motors)Usually written using kana alone
  • どうしたら
  • エンジン
  • かかります
  • How can I start the engine?
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
6. to attend; to deal with; to handleUsually written using kana alone
  • いた痛む
  • なら
  • はいしゃ歯医者
  • さん
  • かかる
  • べき
  • です
  • If your tooth hurts, you should see a dentist.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Auxiliary verb
7. to have started to; to be on the verge ofUsually written using kana alone
  • それ
  • ほとんど
  • 終わり
  • かかっています
  • It's almost over.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
8. to overlap (e.g. information in a manual); to coverUsually written using kana alone
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Auxiliary verb
9. to (come) atUsually written using kana alone
  • かれ
  • よる
  • うま
  • かれ
  • 蹴り
  • かかった
  • The horse kicked at him when he approached it.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
10. to be fastenedUsually written using kana alone, See also 鍵がかかる
  • じぶん自分
  • シートベルト
  • あんぜん安全に
  • かかっているか
  • たしお確かめ
  • ねが願います
  • Please make sure that your seat belt is securely fastened.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
11. to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.)Usually written using kana alone
  • この
  • きかい機械
  • ほこり
  • かからない
  • ようにして
  • おか
  • なければなりません
  • You must keep this machine free from dust.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
12. to be caught inUsually written using kana alone, See also 罠にかかる
    ジョージ
  • さぎ詐欺
  • かかって
  • その
  • とち土地
  • 買わされた
  • George was tricked into buying the land.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
13. to get a callUsually written using kana alone, See also 電話が掛かる
  • まちが間違えて
  • かかっています
  • You have the wrong number.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending
14. to depend onUsually written using kana alone
  • しゅう
  • せんしゅけん選手権
  • かかっている
  • ので
  • チーム
  • みんな
  • いっしょうけんめい一生懸命
  • しあい試合
  • した
  • The team played hard because the championship of the state was at stake.
Other forms
懸かる 【かかる】掛る 【かかる】懸る 【かかる】
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to sit; to squat
  • すうにん数人
  • がくせい学生
  • ベンチ
  • すわ座り
  • ちゅうしょく昼食
  • 食べていた
  • Some students were sitting on the bench and having lunch.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to assume (a position)
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to hold steady; to hold stillesp. 据わる, 据る
Other forms
坐る 【すわる】据わる 【すわる】据る 【すわる】
Notes
据る: Irregular okurigana usage.
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Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to be troubled; to have difficulty; to be in a fix; to be at a loss; to be stumped; to be embarrassed
  • こま困ったら
  • わたし
  • たす助け
  • もと求め
  • なさい
  • Turn to me for help if you are in difficulty.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
2. to be bothered; to be inconvenienced; to be annoyed
  • そうおん騒音
  • こまっている
  • The noise bothers me.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
3. to be badly off; to be hard up; to be in straitened circumstances
  • ぼく
  • しばしば
  • おかねお金
  • こま困る
  • I am often in difficulties.
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