10 strokes
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
descend, precipitate, fall, surrender
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
596 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 降格 【コウカク】 demotion, relegation, downgrading
  • 降雨 【コウウ】 rainfall, rain
  • 乗降 【ジョウコウ】 getting on and off, embarking and disembarking
  • 投降 【トウコウ】 surrender
  • 降三世明王 【ゴウザンゼミョウオウ】 Trailokyavijaya Vidya-raja, conqueror of the three worlds
  • 降誕会 【ゴウタンエ】 service celebrating the birth of the Buddha (held on April 8), Buddha's birthday festival

Kun reading compounds

  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降る 【ふる】 to fall (of rain, snow, ash, etc.), to come down, to form (of frost), to beam down (of sunlight or moonlight), to pour in, to visit (of luck, misfortune, etc.), to come, to arrive
  • 降り 【ふり】 rainfall, snowfall, alighting, descending
  • 降りしきる 【ふりしきる】 to fall continuously (of rain, snow, etc.), to fall hard, to fall heavily, to pour down
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping


Japanese names:
ふり、 ふる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiang4, xiang2
hang, gang


  • caer
  • bajar
  • descender
  • llover
  • rendirse
  • desde entonces
  • bajarse


  • descer
  • precipitar
  • queda
  • rendição


  • descendre
  • pleuvoir
  • précipiter
  • tomber
  • se rendre
873 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
863 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
787 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4994 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
887 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
984 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1058 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
947 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
977 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
136 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
731 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
548 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
335 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
414 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1317 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41620 Morohashi
458 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6450 New Nelson (John Haig)
1308 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1405 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
898 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3655 2001 Kanji
2d7.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
7725.4 Four corner code
1-25-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
964d Unicode hex code