Jisho

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Words — 125 found

Godan verb with u ending, Transitive verb
1. to finish; to stop; to end; to put an end to; to bring to a closeUsually written using kana alone
  • かいもの買い物
  • 済ませて
  • しまったら
  • でんわ電話
  • します
  • I will call you when I have done my shopping.
2. to close (a business, etc.); to close down; to shut down; to shut upUsually written using kana alone
3. to put away; to put back; to keep; to storeUsually written using kana alone
  • ほん
  • ノート
  • しまいなさい
  • Put away your books and notebooks.
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with u ending
4. to do completely; to finishUsually written using kana alone, after the -te form of a verb
  • やって
  • しまった
  • こと
  • もど戻らない
  • What is done cannot be undone.
5. to do accidentally; to do without meaning to; to happen to doUsually written using kana alone, after the -te form of a verb
Other forms
終う 【しまう】了う 【しまう】蔵う 【しまう】
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Godan verb with u ending, Transitive verb
1. to receive; to take; to acceptUsually written using kana alone
  • それじゃ
  • ぼく
  • チキン
  • もらい
  • ましょう
  • Well then, I'll have chicken.
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with u ending
2. to get somebody to do somethingUsually written using kana alone, follows a verb in "-te" form
  • あさって
  • かれ
  • ここ
  • 来て
  • もらう
  • つもり
  • です
  • I will have him come here the day after tomorrow.
Godan verb with u ending, Transitive verb
3. to have in one's pocket (a fight, match)Usually written using kana alone
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Ichidan verb, Transitive verb
1. to get; to earn; to acquire; to procure; to gain; to secure; to attain; to obtain; to win獲る esp. refers to catching wild game, etc.
    10
  • チーム
  • しょう
  • 得よう
  • あらそ争った
  • Ten teams competed for the prize.
2. to understand; to comprehend
  • これらの
  • ガス
  • ちきゅうきぼ地球規模
  • おんだん温暖
  • もたらし
  • 得る
  • These gases can lead to global warming.
3. to receive something undesirable (e.g. a punishment); to get (ill)
Auxiliary verb, Ichidan verb, Transitive verb
4. to be able to ..., can ...Only applies to 得る, See also 得ない, See also 得る うる, after the -masu stem of a verb
Other forms
獲る 【える】
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Godan verb with su ending, Transitive verb
1. to pass (time); to spend
2. to overdo (esp. of one's alcohol consumption); to drink (alcohol)
3. to take care of; to supportArchaism
Godan verb with su ending, Auxiliary verb
4. to overdo; to do too much
5. to ... without acting on it
Other forms
過す 【すごす】
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Godan verb with ku ending, Transitive verb
1. to receive; to get; to accept; to take; to buyHumble (kenjougo), Usually written using kana alone, See also 貰う
    アトランタ
  • ほうもん訪問
  • さい
  • には
  • じかんをさ時間をさいて
  • いただき
  • ありがとうございました
  • Thank you for the time you spent with me during my visit to Atlanta.
2. to eat; to drinkHumble (kenjougo), Polite (teineigo), Usually written using kana alone
  • もっと
  • コーヒー
  • いかが
  • ですか
  • 」「
  • もう
  • けっこう結構
  • です
  • じゅうぶん十分
  • いただ頂きました
  • "Will you have some more coffee?" "No, thanks. I've had enough."
3. to be crowned with; to wear (on one's head); to have (on top)Usually written using kana alone, orig. meaning
4. to have (as one's leader); to live under (a ruler); to install (a president)Usually written using kana alone
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with ku ending
5. to get somebody to do somethingHumble (kenjougo), Usually written using kana alone, See also 貰う もらう, follows a verb in "-te" form
Other forms
戴く 【いただく】
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Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to break; to snap; to be cut; to split; to crack
  • ふたり二人
  • こども子供
  • つな
  • 切れる
  • まで
  • ひっぱ引っ張り
  • あった
  • The two children pulled at the rope until it broke.
2. to be injured
3. to wear out; to be worn out
4. to break; to burst; to collapse
5. to wear off; to stop working; to go dead
6. to expire (time limit, etc.); to run out; to become due
7. to run out (of stock, etc.); to be exhausted; to be used up; to be sold out; to be out of
  • ガソリン
  • きれ切れかかっている
  • We're running out of gas.
8. to be broken off (e.g. of a relationship); to break up; to have severed ties; to be cut off; to be disconnected
9. to cut well; to be sharp
  • この
  • はさみ
  • 良く
  • 切れない
  • These scissors don't cut well.
10. to be sharp-minded; to be keen; to be shrewd; to be quick-witted; to be able
11. to be short of; to drop under (a certain figure); to beat (e.g. a record time)
    100
  • メートル
  • 、10
  • びょう
  • 切れる
  • Will they break the ten-second mark in the hundred-metre race?
12. to dry off
13. to curve; to veer
14. to shuffle (cards)
15. to get angry; to snap; to blow one's top; to lose one's temper; to flipColloquialism, See also キレる
  • あいつ
  • とうとう
  • 切れた
  • Finally, he lost his temper.
Auxiliary verb, Ichidan verb
16. to be able to do completelyUsually written using kana alone, after the -masu stem of a verb
  • この
  • こおり
  • うす
  • すぎて
  • きみ君の
  • からだ
  • ささ支え
  • きれない
  • だろう
  • This ice is too thin to bear your weight.
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Godan verb with ru ending, intransitive verb
1. to leave; to go away
    1900
  • ねん
  • かれ
  • イギリス
  • 去り
  • そのまま
  • にど二度と
  • もど戻らなかった
  • In 1900, he left England, and he never returned.
2. to pass; to elapse
  • ふるきよきじだい古き良き時代
  • 去って
  • にど二度と
  • もどってこない
  • The good old days have gone, never to return.
3. to be distant
Godan verb with ru ending, Transitive verb
4. to send away; to drive off; to divorce
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with ru ending
5. to (do) completelyafter a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb
Pre-noun adjectival
6. last ... (e.g. "last April")Only applies to 去る, Antonym: 来る きたる
  • 去る
  • 6月
  • わたし私の
  • あね
  • こうこう高校
  • きょうし教師
  • けっこん結婚した
  • My sister married a high school teacher last June.
Other forms
避る 【さる】
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Godan verb with u ending, Transitive verb
1. to desire; to wish; to hope
  • わたし私達
  • へいわ平和
  • ねが願う
  • We long for peace.
2. to beg; to request; to implore; to pray
  • かれ
  • わたし私の
  • ゆる許し
  • ねが願った
  • He asked my pardon.
Auxiliary verb
3. to have something done for oneself
  • あしもと足元
  • ようじん用心
  • ねが願います
  • Do watch your step.
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Godan verb with ru ending, intransitive verb
1. to rot; to go bad; to decay; to spoil; to fester; to decompose; to turn sour (e.g. milk)
2. to corrode; to weather; to crumble
3. to become useless; to blunt; to weaken (from lack of practice)
4. to become depraved; to be degenerate; to be morally bankrupt; to be corrupt
5. to be depressed; to be dispirited; to feel discouraged; to feel downSee also 気が腐る きがくさる
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with ru ending
6. to have the audacity to; to be bastard enough toUsually written using kana alone, Kansai dialect, See also やがる, after the -masu stem of a verb; indicates scorn or disdain for another's action
Godan verb with ru ending, intransitive verb
7. to lose a betArchaism
8. to be drenched; to become sopping wetArchaism
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Ichidan verb, Auxiliary verb, intransitive verb
1. to get tired of; to lose interest in; to be fed up with; to have enough
Other forms
厭きる 【あきる】倦きる 【あきる】倦る 【あきる】
Notes
倦る: Irregular okurigana usage.
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Godan verb with ku ending, Transitive verb
1. to pull out; to draw out; to extract; to unplug; to weed
  • はいしゃ歯医者
  • 行って
  • その
  • 抜いて
  • もらった
  • ほう方がよい
  • You had better go to the dentist to have that tooth pulled out.
2. to omit; to leave out; to go without; to skip
  • たまに
  • あさめし朝飯
  • 抜いた
  • って
  • べつ別に
  • わる悪い
  • こと
  • じゃない
  • It's no crime to skip breakfast once in a while.
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with ku ending
3. to do to the end; to carry through
  • さいご最後まで
  • たたか戦い
  • 抜こう
  • Let's fight to the last.
Godan verb with ku ending, Transitive verb
4. to let out (e.g. air from a tyre); to drain (e.g. water from a bath); to empty
5. to pick out; to choose; to select; to extract
6. to pilfer; to steal
7. to remove; to get rid of; to take out
8. to pass; to overtake; to outstrip; to get ahead of
  • かれ
  • ついに
  • クラス
  • ほか他の
  • もの
  • 抜いた
  • He finally got ahead of the rest of class.
9. to pierce; to break through; to go throughalso written 貫く
10. to cut out (a shape); to create (a pattern) by dying the surrounding area
11. to seize; to capture; to reduce
12. to scoop (a story)
13. to take out (an opponent's stones; in go)
Godan verb with ku ending
14. to masturbate (of a male); to ejaculate (while masturbating)Slang, Vulgar
15. to take (a photo); to record (video)Slang
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Ichidan verb, Transitive verb
1. to stuff into; to jam; to cram; to pack; to fill; to plug; to stop up
  • この
  • あな
  • なに何か
  • 詰めなくて
  • We've got to fill this hole with something.
Ichidan verb, Transitive verb, intransitive verb
2. to shorten; to move closer together
  • この
  • ブラウス
  • つめて
  • いただけます
  • Could I have this blouse taken in, please?
Ichidan verb, Transitive verb
3. to reduce (spending); to conserve
Ichidan verb, Transitive verb, intransitive verb
4. to focus intently on; to strain oneself to doSee also 根を詰める, usu. as 根を詰める
Ichidan verb, Transitive verb
5. to go through thoroughly; to work out (details); to bring to a conclusion; to wind up
Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
6. to be on duty; to be stationed
Ichidan verb, Transitive verb
7. to corner (esp. an opponent's king in shogi); to trap; to checkmate
8. to cut off (one's finger as an act of apology); to catch (one's finger in a door, etc.)See also 指を詰める, the meaning "to catch one's finger" is predominantly used in Kansai
Auxiliary verb, Ichidan verb
9. to do non-stop; to do continuously; to keep doing (without a break)
10. to do completely; to do thoroughly
11. to force someone into a difficult situation by ...
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Godan verb with su ending, Transitive verb
1. to let fly; to make fly; to send flying; to blow off (e.g. in the wind); to launch; to fire; to hurl; to shoot
  • わたし私たち
  • その
  • とり
  • 飛ばした
  • We let the bird fly.
2. to skip over; to leave out; to omit; to drop (e.g. a stitch)
  • その
  • はいゆう俳優
  • せりふ
  • ぎょう
  • とばした
  • The actor missed a line.
3. to run fast; to drive fast; to gallop
  • しあい試合
  • はじ始まれば
  • かれ
  • 初め
  • から
  • とばして
  • いく
  • だろう
  • 、ルチアーノ
  • かんたん簡単に
  • たた叩きのめされて
  • しまう
  • だろう
  • When the bell rings, he'll start strong and Luciano will lose quickly.
4. to spray; to splash; to spatter
5. to say without reservation; to call out (e.g. a jeer); to rattle of (e.g. a joke)
6. to spread (e.g. a rumour); to circulate; to send out (a message); to issue (e.g. an appeal)
7. to transfer (to a less important post); to send away (e.g. to a provincial branch); to demote
8. to dispatch quickly (e.g. a reporter)
9. to get rid of; to burn off (alcohol)
10. to attack (e.g. with a leg manoeuvre)
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with su ending
11. to do vigorously; to do roughly; to do energetically
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Godan verb with su ending, Transitive verb
1. to build up; to establishUsually written using kana alone, esp. 成す
  • かれ
  • さっか作家
  • として
  • 成そう
  • という
  • やしん野心
  • 持っている
  • He has an ambition to make a name for himself as a writer.
2. to form; to become (a state)Usually written using kana alone, esp. 成す
  • イナゴ
  • たいぐん大群
  • なして
  • やってきた
  • Locusts came in big swarms.
3. to accomplish; to achieve; to succeed inUsually written using kana alone
  • にんげん人間
  • どうぶつ動物
  • より
  • はるかに
  • おお多く
  • いぎょう偉業
  • なして
  • きた
  • である
  • Human beings have achieved a lot more than animals.
4. to change intoUsually written using kana alone
  • あなた
  • いう
  • こと
  • 成す
  • こと
  • ちが違う
  • You don't practice what you preach.
5. to do; to performUsually written using kana alone, esp. 為す
Auxiliary verb
6. to intend to; to attempt; to tryArchaism
Other forms
成す 【なす】
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Godan verb with u ending, Transitive verb
1. to harm; to hurt; to injure; to damage; to spoil; to mar
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with u ending
2. to fail to ...; to miss one's opportunity to ...
Other forms
害う 【そこなう】損う 【そこなう】
Notes
損う: Irregular okurigana usage.
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Godan verb with ru ending, Transitive verb
1. to do; to undertake; to perform; to play (a game); to studyUsually written using kana alone, Colloquialism, See also 為る する
  • かれ
  • その
  • しょうねん少年
  • つか使い
  • やった
  • He has sent the boy on an errand.
2. to send; to dispatch; to despatchUsually written using kana alone
3. to put; to move; to turn (one's head, glance, etc.)Usually written using kana alone
  • おれ
  • マイナスドライバー
  • どこ
  • やった
  • !!
  • Where've you stuck my flat-head screwdriver?!
4. to give (esp. to someone of equal or lower status); to let have; to present; to bestow; to conferUsually written using kana alone
  • ドル
  • やる
  • Here's $5.
5. to make (a vehicle) go fasterUsually written using kana alone
6. to run (a business); to keep; to be engaged in; to practice (law, medicine, etc.); to practiseUsually written using kana alone
  • すべ全て
  • 捨てて
  • この
  • レストラン
  • やる
  • もくてき目的
  • ひとつ
  • だけ
  • でした
  • I had only one aim in throwing everything away to run this restaurant.
7. to have (food, drink, etc.); to eat; to drink; to smokeUsually written using kana alone
8. to hold (a performance); to perform; to showUsually written using kana alone, See also 演る
9. to ease (one's mind)Usually written using kana alone
10. to harm; to injure; to killColloquialism, Usually written using kana alone, See also 殺る
  • むかんけい無関係の
  • ひと
  • 殺る
  • Don't kill off bystanders!
11. to have sex withUsually written using kana alone, Slang, See also 犯る
Godan verb with ru ending, intransitive verb
12. to live; to get by; to get alongUsually written using kana alone, See also やって行く, See also やって来る
Suffix, Godan verb with ru ending
13. to do ... completelyUsually written using kana alone, after the -masu stem of a verb, often in the negative
14. to do ... broadly; to do ... to a great distanceUsually written using kana alone, after the -masu stem of a verb
Auxiliary verb, Godan verb with ru ending
15. to do ... for (someone of equal or lower status); to do ... to (sometimes with negative nuance)Usually written using kana alone, after the -te form of a verb
16. to make active efforts to ...Usually written using kana alone, after the -te form of a verb
Other forms
行る 【やる】
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Godan verb with su ending, Transitive verb
1. to accomplish; to achieve; to carry out; to fulfill; to fulfil; to realize; to execute; to perform; to do
Godan verb with su ending, Auxiliary verb
2. to do ... completely; to do ... entirelyafter the -masu stem of a verb
Other forms
果す 【はたす】
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Godan verb with su ending
1. to exhaust; to run out
  • トロールぎょせんトロール漁船
  • えんがん沿岸
  • さかな
  • とり
  • つくしました
  • Fishing trawlers have fished out all the local waters.
2. to devote; to serve (a person); to befriend
  • あらゆる
  • ところ
  • ひとびと人々
  • せかいへいわ世界平和
  • 尽くす
  • みんしゅう民衆
  • しどうしゃ指導者
  • せつぼう切望
  • している
  • People everywhere yearn for public leaders dedicated to world peace.
Auxiliary verb
3. to do to exhaustion
Other forms
尽す 【つくす】盡す 【つくす】
Notes
盡す: Out-dated kanji.
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Suru verb - irregular
1. to do; to carry out; to performUsually written using kana alone
  • これ
  • いじょう以上
  • なに何も
  • 言う
  • こと
  • ありません
  • いいわけ
  • する
  • いや
  • ですから
  • かれ
  • 言った
  • He said, "I will say nothing more, because I hate making excuses."
2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)Usually written using kana alone
  • それら
  • あなた
  • あたた暖かく
  • する
  • のに
  • やくだ役立つ
  • でしょう
  • They will help you to get warm.
3. to serve as; to act as; to work asUsually written using kana alone
  • ずつう頭痛
  • いいわけ言い訳
  • して
  • かれ
  • はや早く
  • かえ帰った
  • He used a headache as an excuse for leaving early.
4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)Usually written using kana alone
  • そんな
  • にが虫を噛みつぶしたよう
  • かお
  • する
  • Don't make such a sour face.
5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use asUsually written using kana alone, as 〜にする,〜とする
6. to decide on; to chooseUsually written using kana alone, as 〜にする
  • けっこう結構
  • です
  • それ
  • ましょう
  • All right. I'll take it.
Suru verb - irregular, intransitive verb
7. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.)Usually written using kana alone, as 〜がする
  • この
  • スープ
  • いやな
  • におい
  • する
  • くさ腐っている
  • でしょう
  • This soup smells horrible. Do you think it's gone off?
8. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)Usually written using kana alone
9. to be worth; to costUsually written using kana alone
10. to pass (of time); to elapseUsually written using kana alone
  • かれ
  • みっか三日
  • したら
  • しゅっぱつ出発する
  • He is leaving in three days.
Suru verb - irregular, Transitive verb
11. to place, or raise, person A to a post or status BUsually written using kana alone, as AをBにする
12. to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for BUsually written using kana alone, as AをBにする
13. to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were BUsually written using kana alone, as AをBにする
14. to feel A about BUsually written using kana alone, as AをBにする
Suffix, Suru verb - irregular
15. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")Usually written using kana alone
Auxiliary verb, Suru verb - irregular
16. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")Usually written using kana alone, See also お願いします, See also
17. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt toUsually written using kana alone, See also とする, as 〜うとする,〜ようとする
Notes
為る: Out-dated kanji.
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Kuru verb - special class, intransitive verb
1. to come (spatially or temporally); to approach; to arrive
    10
  • まで
  • 来ます
  • I'll come by 10.
Kuru verb - special class, intransitive verb, Auxiliary verb
2. to come back; to do ... and come backSee also 行って来る
  • わたし私の
  • ちち
  • わたし
  • ぜひ
  • そこ
  • 見て
  • くる
  • ように
  • いった
  • My father insisted that I should go to see the place.
3. to come to be; to become; to get; to grow; to continue
Kuru verb - special class, intransitive verb
4. to come from; to be caused by; to derive from
5. to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")See also と来たら
Other forms
來る 【くる】
Notes
來る: Out-dated kanji.
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