19 strokes
petition, request, vow, wish, hope
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
894 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 願 【ガン】 prayer, wish, vow
  • 願書 【ガンショ】 (written) application, written request, petition, written prayer for a shrine or Buddhist temple
  • 本願 【ホンガン】 Amida Buddha's original vow, long-cherished desire
  • 祈願 【キガン】 prayer (for something), supplication

Kun reading compounds

  • 願う 【ねがう】 to desire, to wish, to hope, to beg, to request, to implore, to pray, to have something done for oneself


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • petición
  • deseo
  • anhelo
  • desear
  • pedir
  • rogar


  • petição
  • solicitação
  • voto
  • desejo
  • esperança


  • demande
  • prière
  • souhait
  • voeu
  • espoir
368 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
469 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
446 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
869 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
255 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
428 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1011 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.15 Japanese for Busy People
581 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
590 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
862 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1897 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2320 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1199 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1637 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
137 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43623 Morohashi
1845 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6653 New Nelson (John Haig)
135 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
143 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
637 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3361 2001 Kanji
9a10.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-10-9 SKIP code
3-3-16 SKIP code
7128.6 Four corner code
1-20-74 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9858 Unicode hex code