Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
history, chronicle
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
511 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 史 【シ】 history
  • 史家 【シカ】 historian
  • 通史 【ツウシ】 overview of history
  • 正史 【セイシ】 official history, authorized history

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あや、 お、 こ、 ちか、 とし、 なか、 のぶ、 ひさ、 ひと、 ふみ
Chinese:
shi3
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • historia
  • crónica

Portuguese

  • história
  • crônica

French

  • histoire
  • chronique
411 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
523 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
496 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
563 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
91 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
81 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
398 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
183 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
332 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
332 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
705 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
317 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4324 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2188 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2946 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
699 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3249 Morohashi
3510 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
697 New Nelson (John Haig)
692 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
747 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
300 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
450 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1666 2001 Kanji
0a5.38 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-4 SKIP code
5004.6 Four corner code
5000.6 Four corner code
27-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53f2 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 雲上 【ウンジョウ】 above the clouds, the heavens
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity (esp. during Edo period), Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former, northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空域 【クウイキ】 airspace
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace
  • 防空 【ボウクウ】 air defense, air defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • 空模様 【そらもよう】 look of the sky, weather
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 晴れた空 【はれたそら】 clear sky, cloudless sky
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空手 【からて】 karate, empty handed
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Chinese:
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former, pre- (e.g. "premodern"), before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour), in front (of), before (e.g. the house), head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part, in the presence of, helping, portion, privates, private parts
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation, front left, front and left, before and left
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Chinese:
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code