Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
gate
Parts:
Variants:
open, unfold, unseal
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
59 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 開花 【カイカ】 flowers budding, blooming, flowering, showing results, becoming popular, blooming
  • 開演 【カイエン】 curtain raising, starting (e.g. play, concert)
  • 疎開 【ソカイ】 dispersal, evacuation, removal, spreading out (troops), deployment
  • 非公開 【ヒコウカイ】 private, exclusive, secret

Kun reading compounds

  • 開く 【ひらく】 to open, to undo, to unseal, to unpack, to bloom, to unfold, to spread out, to open (for business, e.g. in the morning), to be wide (gap, etc.), to widen, to hold (meeting, party, etc.), to give, to open, to found (nation, dynasty, sect, etc.), to open (a new business), to set up, to establish, to start, to open (ports, borders, etc.), to open (an account), to open up (new land, path, etc.), to clear, to develop, to open (a file, etc.), to extract (root), to reduce (equation), to cut open (fish), to change (kanji into hiragana), to flare (e.g. skirt), to slacken (into a poor posture)
  • 開き 【ひらき】 opening, gap, dried and opened fish
  • 開き直る 【ひらきなおる】 to become defiant, to fight back, to turn upon, to take the offensive
  • 開ける 【ひらける】 to open out (of a view, scenery, etc.), to spread out, to become clear (of a road, visibility, etc.), to open up, to improve (of luck, prospects, etc.), to get better, to develop (of a town, civilization, etc.), to become civilized, to modernize, to grow, to advance (of knowledge, ideas, etc.), to be sensible, to be understanding, to be enlightened, to open (of a new road, railway, etc.), to be opened to traffic, to become populous, to become densely built, to become bustling
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)

Readings

Japanese names:
はる、 か、 ひらき
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kai1
Korean:
gae

Spanish

  • abrir
  • desdoblar
  • dar comienzo
  • abrirse
  • estar abierto

Portuguese

  • abrir
  • desdobrar
  • deslacrar

French

  • ouvrir
  • s'ouvrir
  • briser le sceau
171 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
261 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
241 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
80 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4950 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
550 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
270 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1821 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
396 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
400 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
215 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1840 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4121 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2092 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2835 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1636 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41233 Morohashi
3321 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6393 New Nelson (John Haig)
1622 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1750 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
290 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
391 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3855 2001 Kanji
8e4.6 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-4 SKIP code
7744.1 Four corner code
1-19-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
958b Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
footsteps
Parts:
Variants:
departure, discharge, publish, emit, start from, disclose, counter for gunshots
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
32 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 発 【ハツ】 departure, departing (from ...), departing (at time ...), sending, sent (by ...), sent (at ...), engine, counter for gunshots, bursts of gas, etc., counter for bullets, bombs, etc., counter for blows (punches)
  • 発 【ハツ】 green dragon tile, winning hand with a pung (or kong) of green dragon tiles
  • 偶発 【グウハツ】 sudden outbreak, accidental, incidental
  • 電源開発 【デンゲンカイハツ】 development of electrical power resources
  • 発熱 【ハツネツ】 generation of heat, (attack of) fever, pyrexia
  • 発議 【ハツギ】 proposal, suggestion, motion, initiative

Kun reading compounds

  • 立つ 【たつ】 to stand, to rise, to stand up, to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position), to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
  • 暴く 【あばく】 to disclose, to divulge, to expose, to open (a grave), to dig out

Readings

Japanese names:
ば、 わ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fa1
Korean:
bal

Spanish

  • abrir
  • exponer
  • suceder

Portuguese

  • liberar
  • partida
  • publicar
  • emitir
  • a partir de
  • revelar

French

  • départ
  • décharge
  • dégagement
  • publier
  • émettre
  • partir de
  • divulguer
  • compteur de coups de feu
303 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
392 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
370 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
43 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3092 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
186 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
225 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
953 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
96 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
96 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
286 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1360 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3174 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1634 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2222 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1721 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
22662P Morohashi
2565 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3860 New Nelson (John Haig)
1705 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1840 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
102 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
342 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3557 2001 Kanji
0a9.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-4 SKIP code
1241.5 Four corner code
1-40-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
767a Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
Variants:
route, way, road
Kun:
みち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
717 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 途 【ト】 way, route
  • 途上 【トジョウ】 on the way, en route, in the process of (development, construction, etc.), in the middle of
  • 使途 【シト】 purpose for which money is spent, the way money is spent, how goods are used
  • 目処 【メド】 aim, goal, prospect, outlook

Kun reading compounds

  • 道 【みち】 road, path, street, lane, passage, route, way, distance, journey, road (e.g. to victory), course, way (of living, proper conduct, etc.), moral principles, teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma, field (e.g. of medicine), subject, speciality, means, way, method
  • 冥き途 【くらきみち】 Hades, underworld, realm of the dead, other world

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tu2
Korean:
do

Spanish

  • ruta
  • camino
  • carretera

Portuguese

  • rota
  • caminho
  • estrada

French

  • trajet
  • route
  • voie
1635 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
814 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4697 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
928 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
957 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1234 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1072 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1120 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
960 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
697 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3853 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1980 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2676 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1677 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38882P Morohashi
3107 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6057 New Nelson (John Haig)
1661 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1790 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1398 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2841 2001 Kanji
2q7.16 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3830.9 Four corner code
1-37-51 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9014 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana-
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 呈上 【テイジョウ】 giving, gifting, presenting
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上期 【かみき】 first half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, finishing (in a board or card game, etc.), green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo), upstream, uphill
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 going up and down, ascent and descent, climb and descent
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code