Jisho

×

19 strokes
Radical:
metal, gold 金 (釒)
Parts:
Variants:
mirror, speculum, barrel-head, round rice-cake offering
Kun:
かがみ
On:
キョウケイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
1506 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 鏡面 【キョウメン】 mirror surface, lens surface
  • 鏡台 【キョウダイ】 dresser
  • 内視鏡 【ナイシキョウ】 endoscope
  • 万華鏡 【マンゲキョウ】 kaleidoscope
  • 明鏡 【メイキョウ】 polished mirror, clear mirror
  • 鸞鏡 【ランキョウ】 mirror with a mythical Chinese bird carved into the back, (in Japan) 9th note of the ancient chromatic scale (approx. A sharp)

Kun reading compounds

  • 鏡 【かがみ】 mirror, looking-glass, barrel head, page added at the beginning of a document mentioning its purpose, date, author, etc., mirror-shaped mochi
  • 鏡板 【かがみいた】 panel, scene-panel, painted backdrop (panel at the back of a noh stage), on which a pine tree is painted
  • 懐中鏡 【かいちゅうかがみ】 pocket mirror
  • 化粧鏡 【けしょうかがみ】 bathroom mirror, vanity mirror

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 かが、 かがん
Chinese:
jing4
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • espejo
  • espéculo
  • lente

Portuguese

  • espelho
  • espéculo
  • cano principal
  • oferenda de bolinho de arroz

French

  • miroir
  • -scope
  • tonneau (saké)
  • gâteau de riz de Nouvel an
378 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
486 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
462 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1358 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4912 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
647 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1858 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2817 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
863 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
882 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1034 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1834 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2219 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1157 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1576 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
494 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40812 Morohashi
1766 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6341 New Nelson (John Haig)
483 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
522 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
638 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2857 2001 Kanji
8a11.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-11 SKIP code
8011.6 Four corner code
1-22-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
93e1 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
face 面 (靣)
Parts:
Variants:
mask, face, features, surface
Kun:
おもおもてつら
On:
メンベン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
186 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 面 【メン】 face, mask, face guard, (in kendo) striking the head, surface (esp. a geometrical surface), page, aspect, facet, side, chamfer, counter for broad, flat objects, levels or stages, e.g. in a video game
  • 面会 【メンカイ】 meeting (face-to-face), seeing, visit, interview
  • 平面 【ヘイメン】 level surface, plane
  • 対面 【タイメン】 meeting face-to-face, seeing in person, facing (each other), opposing (traffic, etc.), confronting

Kun reading compounds

  • 面 【おもて】 face, surface, mask (esp. a noh or kyogen mask)
  • 面影 【おもかげ】 face, looks, vestiges, trace
  • 水の面 【みのも】 surface of the water, face of the water
  • 面 【おもて】 face, surface, mask (esp. a noh or kyogen mask)
  • 面伏せ 【おもてぶせ】 being so embarrassed as to keep one's face down
  • 細面 【ほそおもて】 slender face
  • 面 【つら】 face, mug, surface, cheek meat, cheek, cheeks, surrounding area
  • 面当て 【つらあて】 spiteful remarks
  • 赤面 【あかつら】 red face, villain (in kabuki, jōruri, etc.)
  • 横面 【よこつら】 side of face

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 ずら、 ほおつき、 も
Chinese:
mian4
Korean:
myeon

Spanish

  • cara
  • semblante
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • máscara
  • rosto
  • recursos
  • superfície

French

  • masque
  • face
  • traits
  • surface
322 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
417 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
395 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
165 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5087 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
321 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1002 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
904 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
274 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
274 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
438 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1876 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2590 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1324 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1796 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1910 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42618 Morohashi
2087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6566 New Nelson (John Haig)
1892 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2039 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
117 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
347 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3176 2001 Kanji
3s6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
3-5-4 SKIP code
1060.0 Four corner code
1-44-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9762 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
attend, doing, official, serve
Kun:
つか.える
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
439 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 仕 【シ】 official, civil service
  • 試合 【シアイ】 match, game, bout, contest
  • 社会奉仕 【シャカイホウシ】 voluntary social service
  • 勤労奉仕 【キンロウホウシ】 labor service, labour service
  • 仕込み 【ジコミ】 learned at ..., acquired at ...
  • 仕丁 【シチョウ】 men pressed into forced labor (ritsuryo system), palanquin bearer (Edo period)
  • 致仕 【チシ】 resignation, seventy years of age

Kun reading compounds

  • 仕える 【つかえる】 to serve, to work for, to attend

Readings

Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • trabajo
  • servir
  • asistir

Portuguese

  • atender
  • ação
  • oficial
  • servir

French

  • servir
  • faire
  • officiel
221 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
301 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
285 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
397 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
362 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
75 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
110 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
124 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
333 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
333 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
236 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
58 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
37 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
21 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
21 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
969 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
368 Morohashi
34 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
123 New Nelson (John Haig)
960 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1033 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
271 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
250 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2172 2001 Kanji
2a3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-3 SKIP code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-27-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4ed5 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana-
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 雲上 【ウンジョウ】 above the clouds, the heavens
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity (esp. during Edo period), Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, finishing (in a board or card game, etc.), green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo), upstream, uphill
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 going up and down, ascent and descent, climb and descent
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code