4 strokes
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 change to ..., becoming ..., making into ..., -ization, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics, decoration, dressing, veneer
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse


  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação


  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code