Jisho

×

16 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
head, counter for large animals
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
433 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭取 【トウドリ】 (bank) president, greenroom manager (in a theater)
  • 先頭 【セントウ】 head (of a line, group, etc.), front, lead, forefront, vanguard
  • 没頭 【ボットウ】 immersing oneself in, being absorbed in, devoting oneself to, giving oneself up entirely to
  • 頭 【ズ】 head
  • 頭痛 【ズツウ】 headache
  • 馬頭 【メズ】 horse-headed demon (in hell)
  • 竜頭 【リュウズ】 crown (of a watch), stem, cannon (of a bell), something in the shape of a dragon's head (esp. a helmet crest)
  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭取 【トウドリ】 (bank) president, greenroom manager (in a theater)
  • 鳥兜 【トリカブト】 aconite (esp. species Aconitum japonicum), wolfsbane, monkshood, traditional bugaku hat

Kun reading compounds

  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭打ち 【あたまうち】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 石頭 【いしあたま】 obstinate person, stubbornness, pigheadedness, hard head (like a rock)
  • ごま塩頭 【ごましおあたま】 salt and pepper hair, dark hair streaked with gray
  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭文字 【かしらもじ】 first letter of a word, capital letter (at the start of a word or sentence), initials (of one's name)
  • 鯛の尾より鰯の頭 【たいのおよりいわしのかしら】 better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion
  • め組の頭 【めぐみのかしら】 fire brigade chief (in Edo), chief fireman
  • 頭 【こうべ】 head
  • 頭を振る 【かぶりをふる】 to shake one's head (in denial)

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ、 がみ、 ちゃん、 つむり、 づ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tou2, tou5
Korean:
du

Spanish

  • cabeza
  • principio
  • delantera

Portuguese

  • cabeça
  • sufixo para contagem de animais grandes

French

  • tête
  • compteur de gros animaux
294 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
203 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
186 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
386 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4469 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
519 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
275 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2504 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
276 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
276 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
166 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1889 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2019 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1073 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1450 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1453 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43490 Morohashi
1604 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6639 New Nelson (John Haig)
1441 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1549 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
234 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
238 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3061 2001 Kanji
9a7.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-9 SKIP code
1118.6 Four corner code
1-38-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
982d Unicode hex code

13 strokes (also 14)
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
cover, lid, flap
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
2388 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 蓋果 【ガイカ】 pyxidium
  • 蓋然 【ガイゼン】 probability
  • 鰓蓋 【エラブタ】 gill cover, operculum
  • 口蓋 【コウガイ】 palate

Kun reading compounds

  • 蓋 【ふた】 cover, lid, cap
  • 蓋を開ける 【ふたをあける】 to open the lid, to lift a lid, to open the lid (on), to make public, to start (something), to look at the results (consequences, outcome, effect), to look at the condition of something, to open (of a theatre)
  • ポケ蓋 【ポケふた】 manhole cover decorated with Pokémon creatures
  • 臭い物に蓋 【くさいものにふた】 looking the other way, hushing up a problem
  • 蓋し 【けだし】 certainly, really, truly, indeed, possibly, maybe, perhaps, probably
  • 覆う 【おおう】 to cover, to hide, to conceal, to wrap, to disguise

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gai4, ge3, he2
Korean:
gae, hab

Spanish

Portuguese

French

4019 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
2193 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1286 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2933 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2040 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
31652X Morohashi
2503 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5155 New Nelson (John Haig)
2388 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1561 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
3k10.15 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-10 SKIP code
2-4-10 SKIP code
4410.7 Four corner code
1-19-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
84cb Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
open country
Parts:
inside, within, between, among, house, home
Kun:
うち
On:
ナイダイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
44 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 内 【ナイ】 inside, within
  • 内容 【ナイヨウ】 contents, content, substance, matter, detail, import
  • 家庭内 【カテイナイ】 within the family, in the home, domestic
  • 校内 【コウナイ】 within a school
  • 内裏 【ダイリ】 imperial palace, festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress
  • 内府 【ナイフ】 Minister of the Interior (669-1868 CE), Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal (1885-1945 CE)
  • 境内 【ケイダイ】 grounds (esp. of shrines and temples), compound, churchyard, precincts
  • 海内 【カイダイ】 the whole country

Kun reading compounds

  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 内訳 【うちわけ】 itemization (of expenses), the items, breakdown, classification
  • 幕内 【まくうち】 highest-ranking division
  • 幕の内 【まくのうち】 box lunch (containing rice and 10-15 small portions of fish, meat, and vegetables), highest-ranking division, intermission (between acts), interlude

Readings

Japanese names:
いと、 ただ、 ち、 のち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nei4
Korean:
nae, nab

Spanish

  • interior
  • dentro de
  • privado

Portuguese

  • interior
  • dentro
  • entre
  • dentre
  • casa

French

  • intérieur
  • dedans
  • entre
  • parmi
  • maison
489 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
207 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
364 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
51 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
82 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
132 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
345 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
81 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
84 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
84 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
152 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
160 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4277 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2162 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2914 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1028 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1512 Morohashi
3466 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
386 New Nelson (John Haig)
1019 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1095 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
77 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
99 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1653 2001 Kanji
0a4.23 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-4 SKIP code
4022.7 Four corner code
1-38-66 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5185 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
damage, loss, disadvantage, hurt, injure
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
807 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 損 【ソン】 loss, damage, harm, unprofitable, disadvantage, handicap, drawback, unfavorable
  • 損害 【ソンガイ】 damage, injury, loss
  • 破損 【ハソン】 damage
  • 大損 【オオゾン】 heavy loss

Kun reading compounds

  • 損なう 【そこなう】 to harm, to hurt, to injure, to damage, to spoil, to mar, to fail to ..., to miss one's opportunity to ...
  • 損なう 【そこなう】 to harm, to hurt, to injure, to damage, to spoil, to mar, to fail to ..., to miss one's opportunity to ...
  • 損ねる 【そこねる】 to harm, to hurt, to injure, to wreck, to miss one's chance to (do something), to fail to (do what one ought to have done)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
sun3
Korean:
son

Spanish

  • pérdida
  • desaparición
  • desventaja
  • dañar
  • herir

Portuguese

  • prejuízo
  • perda
  • desvantagem
  • ferida
  • ferir

French

  • blesser
  • nuire
  • dommages
  • perte
837 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
768 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
745 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1070 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1979 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
449 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
581 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
350 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
351 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
396 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
922 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
801 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
468 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
596 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
673 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12459 Morohashi
651 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2255 New Nelson (John Haig)
666 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
719 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
780 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1361 2001 Kanji
3c10.12 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
5608.6 Four corner code
1-34-27 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
640d Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
wound, hurt, injure, impair, pain, injury, cut, gash, scar, weak point
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
845 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 傷跡 【キズアト】 scar
  • 傷心 【ショウシン】 heartbreak, grief, sorrow
  • 火傷 【ヤケド】 burn, scald
  • 中傷 【チュウショウ】 slander, libel, defamation, calumny, smear

Kun reading compounds

  • 傷 【きず】 wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar, chip, crack, scratch, nick, flaw, defect, weakness, weak point, stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour, (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
  • 傷つく 【きずつく】 to be wounded, to get injured, to get hurt feelings, to get damaged, to get chipped, to get scratched
  • 無傷 【むきず】 unhurt, uninjured, unwounded, unscathed, unharmed, flawless (e.g. gem), unblemished, undamaged, perfect (condition), spotless (e.g. reputation), faultless (e.g. performance), perfect (record), without failure, without defeat
  • 古傷 【ふるきず】 old wound, scar, old unpleasant incident, past misdeed
  • 痛む 【いたむ】 to hurt, to ache, to feel a pain, to be injured, to be spoiled (e.g. food), to be damaged
  • 痛める 【いためる】 to hurt, to injure, to cause pain, to harm, to damage, to spoil, to worry, to bother, to be grieved over, to afflict, to cause financial loss, to hurt one's pocket

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang1
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • herida
  • daño
  • lesión
  • corte
  • estar herido
  • herir

Portuguese

  • machucado
  • ferido
  • ferir
  • danificar
  • dor
  • dano
  • corte
  • corte profundo
  • cicatriz
  • ponto fraco

French

  • blessure
  • faire mal
  • abîmer
  • douleur
  • entaille
  • cicatrice
  • point faible
912 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
901 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
723 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
535 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1008 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1067 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
633 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
643 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
835 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
130 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
179 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
118 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
137 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1005 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1029 Morohashi
158 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
301 New Nelson (John Haig)
996 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1071 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
960 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2151 2001 Kanji
2a11.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-11 SKIP code
2822.7 Four corner code
1-29-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
50b7 Unicode hex code