Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
public chamber, hall
On:
ドウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
1010 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 堂 【ドウ】 temple, shrine, chapel, hall, company, front room
  • 堂々 【ドウドウ】 magnificent, grand, impressive, dignified, majestic, imposing, stately, fair, square, open, unashamed, brazen, grandly, boldly, confidently, fairly, squarely, unreservedly, brazenly
  • 殿堂 【デンドウ】 palace, hall, shrine, temple, sanctuary, hall of fame
  • 議事堂 【ギジドウ】 assembly hall, parliament house, diet building, capitol, houses of parliament, congress hall

Readings

Chinese:
tang2
Korean:
dang

Spanish

  • templo
  • salón
  • vestíbulo

Portuguese

  • câmara pública
  • corredor

French

  • édifice public
  • temple
  • salle
  • hall
  • grandiose (bâtiment)
486 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
584 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
557 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
662 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1365 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
358 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
144 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1462 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.6 Japanese for Busy People
496 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
505 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
709 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
355 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3202 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1656 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2246 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
806 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5207 Morohashi
2589 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1037 New Nelson (John Haig)
798 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
861 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
573 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1072 2001 Kanji
3n8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-6 SKIP code
9010.4 Four corner code
38-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5802 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 艮下艮上 【ゴンカゴンショウ】 one of the 64 trigrams
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, surface, on, before, previous, superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder), on top of that, besides, what's more, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), suffix indicating higher social standing, place of one's superior (i.e. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上野 【うえの】 section of Tokyo
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity, Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region (esp. during Edo period)
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train (e.g. going to Tokyo), northward (towards Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
straightaway, honesty, frankness, fix, repair
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
246 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 直 【チョク】 direct, in person, frankness, honesty, simplicity, cheerfulness, correctness, being straight, night duty, shift (e.g. in a factory)
  • 直営 【チョクエイ】 direct management
  • 司直 【シチョク】 judge, judiciary, administration of justice, judicial authorities
  • 愚直 【グチョク】 simple honesty, tactless frankness
  • 直 【ジキ】 soon, in a moment, before long, shortly, nearby, close, direct, spot transaction, cash transaction
  • 直に 【ジキニ】 immediately, directly, soon, shortly, before long, easily, readily
  • 高直 【コウジキ】 expensive, valuable
  • バカ正直 【バカショウジキ】 honest to a fault, foolishly honest, naively honest
  • 直 【ジカ】 direct
  • 直に 【ジカニ】 directly, in person, firsthand

Kun reading compounds

  • 直ちに 【ただちに】 at once, immediately, directly, in person, automatically
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again, to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform
  • 治る 【なおる】 to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
  • 直き 【なおき】 straight, upright
  • 直ぐ 【すぐ】 immediately, at once, right away, directly, soon, before long, shortly, easily, readily, without difficulty, right (near), nearby, just (handy), honest, upright, frank, straightforward
  • 直ぐさま 【すぐさま】 immediately, promptly
  • 真直ぐ 【ますぐ】 straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect, straightforward, honest, frank

Readings

Japanese names:
すぐ、 なお、 のう、 のお
Chinese:
zhi2
Korean:
jig

Spanish

  • derecho
  • recto
  • correcto
  • de inmediato
  • arreglar
  • reparar
  • arreglarse
  • repararse

Portuguese

  • retidão
  • honestidade
  • franqueza
  • consertar
  • reparo

French

  • droit devant
  • directement
  • honnêteté
  • franchise
  • réparer
  • guérir
  • tout de suite
472 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
349 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
329 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
775 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
304 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
758 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
988 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.3 Japanese for Busy People
423 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
429 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
220 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1377 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3649 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2539 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
73 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23136 Morohashi
2932 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3908 New Nelson (John Haig)
73 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
77 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
214 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
162 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1575 2001 Kanji
2k6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-1-7 SKIP code
2-2-6 SKIP code
4071.6 Four corner code
36-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76f4 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
ethics, companion
On:
リン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1322 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 倫理的 【リンリテキ】 ethical
  • 倫理 【リンリ】 ethics, morals
  • 映倫 【エイリン】 Motion Picture Code of Ethics Committee
  • 五倫 【ゴリン】 the five Confucian filial-piety relationships

Readings

Japanese names:
とも、 のり、 ひとし、 ひろ、 みち
Chinese:
lun2
Korean:
ryun

Spanish

  • ética
  • principios
  • deber
  • reglas

Portuguese

  • ética
  • companheiro

French

  • éthique
  • camarade
1914 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1795 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
474 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1742 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1057 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1037 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1163 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1220 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
497 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
115 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
135 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
90 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
103 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1838 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
793 Morohashi
120 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
246 New Nelson (John Haig)
1821 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1962 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1306 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2153 2001 Kanji
2a8.28 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-8 SKIP code
2822.7 Four corner code
46-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
502b Unicode hex code