Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
white
Parts:
emperor
On:
コウオウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
721 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 皇后 【コウゴウ】 (Japanese) empress, queen
  • 皇居 【コウキョ】 Imperial Palace (of Japan), imperial residence
  • 倉皇 【ソウコウ】 hurry, bustle
  • 教皇 【キョウコウ】 Pope
  • 皇帝 【コウテイ】 emperor
  • 皇子 【オウジ】 imperial prince
  • 法皇 【ホウオウ】 ex-emperor who becomes a monk, (Catholic) Pope, religious leader

Readings

Japanese names:
おうじ、 おお、 み
Chinese:
huang2
Korean:
hwang, wang

Spanish

  • emperador

Portuguese

  • imperador

French

  • empereur
783 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
871 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
861 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
964 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3100 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
460 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1551 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
964 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
297 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
297 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
579 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1366 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3175 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1635 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2223 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
267 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
22701 Morohashi
2566 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3870 New Nelson (John Haig)
261 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
279 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
880 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
872 2001 Kanji
4f5.9 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-4 SKIP code
2610.4 Four corner code
25-36 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7687 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
plump, thick, big around
Kun:
ふと.いふと.る
On:
タイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
552 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 太子 【タイシ】 crown prince, Shotoku Taishi
  • 太鼓 【タイコ】 drum
  • 太太 【タイタイ】 wife
  • 馬太 【マタイ】 Matthew (the Apostle)
  • 太子 【タイシ】 crown prince, Shotoku Taishi
  • 太鼓 【タイコ】 drum
  • 羽太 【ハタ】 sea basses, groupers
  • 赤羽太 【アカハタ】 blacktip grouper (species of fish, Epinephelus fasciatus)

Kun reading compounds

  • 太い 【ふとい】 fat, thick, deep (of a voice), thick, sonorous, daring, shameless, brazen, audacious
  • 太藺 【ふとい】 softstem bulrush (Scirpus tabernaemontani)
  • 太る 【ふとる】 to grow fat (stout, plump), to become fat, to gain weight

Readings

Japanese names:
おお、 たか、 ひろ
Chinese:
tai4
Korean:
tae

Spanish

  • grande
  • gordo
  • grueso
  • engordar

Portuguese

  • gordo
  • grande
  • espesso

French

  • gras
  • dodu
  • gros
269 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
181 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
164 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
343 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1172 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
508 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
151 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
105 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
629 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
639 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
124 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
409 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2673 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1360 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1846 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
121 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5834 Morohashi
2152 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1137 New Nelson (John Haig)
120 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
126 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
257 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
98 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
0a4.18 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-1 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
4003.0 Four corner code
34-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
592a Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
-こ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
72 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 子 【シ】 child (esp. a boy), viscount, founder of a school of thought (esp. Confucius), master, masters and philosophers (categorization of Chinese classical literature), you, -er (i.e. man who spends all his time doing...)
  • 子宮 【シキュウ】 womb, uterus
  • 中性子 【チュウセイシ】 neutron
  • 精子 【セイシ】 sperm
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 金子 【キンス】 money, funds
  • 恵比寿 【エビス】 Ebisu, god of fishing and commerce
  • 対子 【トイツ】 pair, eyes
  • 七対子 【チートイツ】 seven pairs, winning hand composed of seven pairs

Kun reading compounds

  • 子 【こ】 child, young (animal), young woman, young geisha, offshoot, interest, new shares, player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.), bird egg, -er (often of young women)
  • 子 【こう】 child, interest
  • 根っこ 【ねっこ】 root (of a plant), stump (of a tree), root (of a problem, etc.), base, foundation, origin, source
  • 江戸っ子 【えどっこ】 true Tokyoite, person born and raised in Edo
  • 子 【ね】 first sign of the Chinese zodiac (The Rat, 11pm-1am, north, November)
  • 子忌み 【ねいみ】 collecting herbs and pulling out young pine trees by the roots (annual event held on the first Day of the Rat of the New Year)
  • 甲子 【きのえね】 first of the sexagenary cycle
  • 庚子 【かのえね】 thirty-seventh of the sexagenary cycle

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 き、 ぎ、 く、 け、 ねっ
Chinese:
zi3, zi2, zi5
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • chiquillo
  • niño

Portuguese

  • criança

French

  • enfant
  • signe de la 1ère branche terrestre
  • signe du Rat (zodiaque)
  • 23 h à 01 h
  • Nord (0°)
31 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
40 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
25 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
56 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1264 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
61 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
43 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
38 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
103 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
103 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
69 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
455 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4196 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2125 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2872 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
96 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6930 Morohashi
3390 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1281 New Nelson (John Haig)
95 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
99 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
42 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
18 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3547 2001 Kanji
2c0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
4-2-1 SKIP code
1740.7 Four corner code
27-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b50 Unicode hex code

殿

13 strokes
Radical:
weapon, lance
Parts:
Mr., hall, mansion, palace, temple, lord
Kun:
との-どの
On:
デンテン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1199 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 殿堂 【デンドウ】 palace, hall, shrine, temple, sanctuary, hall of fame
  • 殿下 【デンカ】 your Highness, his Highness, her Highness
  • 拝殿 【ハイデン】 front shrine, hall of worship
  • 正殿 【セイデン】 main temple, main building of a shrine, alternate name for the Shishiden, Hall for State Ceremonies, central building of a palace, State Chamber
  • 殿下 【デンカ】 your Highness, his Highness, her Highness
  • 殿上 【テンジョウ】 the court, palace circles, palace floor
  • 御殿 【ゴテン】 palace, court
  • 紫御殿 【ムラサキゴテン】 wandering jew (Tradescantia pallida 'Purpurea'), purple secretia, purple-heart, purple queen

Kun reading compounds

  • 殿 【との】 feudal lord, mansion, palace
  • 殿様 【とのさま】 feudal lord, daimyo
  • 大殿 【おおとの】 current master, father of one's current master, minister (of government), noble, nobleman's residence
  • 若殿 【わかとの】 young lord, successor of one's current lord

Readings

Japanese names:
て、 どん
Chinese:
dian4
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • edificio impresionante
  • Sr.
  • Sra.

Portuguese

  • Sr.
  • corredor
  • mansão
  • palácio
  • templo
  • senhor

French

  • Monseigneur
  • hall
  • résidence
  • palais
  • temple
  • seigneur
1632 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1194 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
242 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
892 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
658 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1960 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1130 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1182 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1093 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1142 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2247 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1171 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1593 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1823 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16651 Morohashi
1792 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3001 New Nelson (John Haig)
1805 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1945 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1637 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3768 2001 Kanji
3r10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-4 SKIP code
7724.7 Four corner code
37-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6bbf Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo)
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw (cash), to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code