Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
claw 爪 (爫)
Parts:
claw, nail, talon
Kun:
つめつま-
On:
ソウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
2025 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 爪牙 【ソウガ】 claws and fangs, claws and tusks, clutches, devious design, means of causing harm, weapon, pawn, stooge, cat's-paw, right-hand man
  • 爪痕 【ソウコン】 fingernail mark, scratch
  • 陥入爪 【カンニュウソウ】 ingrown nail, ingrowing nail
  • 狼爪 【ロウソウ】 dewclaw

Kun reading compounds

  • 爪 【つめ】 nail (e.g. fingernail, toenail), claw, talon, hoof, plectrum, pick, hook, clasp
  • 爪切り 【つめきり】 nail clippers
  • 陥入爪 【かんにゅうそう】 ingrown nail, ingrowing nail
  • 鷹の爪 【たかのつめ】 Gamblea innovans (species of deciduous tree), extremely spicy form of chili pepper, variety of high-quality green tea

Readings

Chinese:
zhua3, zhao3
Korean:
jo

Spanish

  • uña
  • garra
  • zarpa

Portuguese

French

  • ongle
  • griffe
  • serre
  • plectre
2822 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1887 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
115 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1320 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
3756 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2605 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
735 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
19653 Morohashi
3024 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3509 New Nelson (John Haig)
727 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
784 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
0a4.9 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-1 SKIP code
7223.0 Four corner code
1-36-62 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
722a Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
legs
Parts:
before, ahead, previous, future, precedence
Kun:
さきま.ず
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
173 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 先 【セン】 former, previous, old, first move (in go, shogi, etc.), opening move
  • 先駆 【センク】 forerunner, precursor, pioneer, leader, outrider, outriding
  • 機先 【キセン】 forestall
  • 互先 【タガイセン】 even game (esp. in go)

Kun reading compounds

  • 先 【さき】 point, tip, end, nozzle, head (of a line), front, first, before, ahead (of), (the way) ahead, beyond, future, previous, prior, former, recent, last, destination, rest (e.g. of a story), continuation, remaining part, the other party
  • 先行き 【さきゆき】 the future, future prospects
  • 小手先 【こてさき】 tip of the hand, (use of) one's hands, cheap trick, superficial wit, superficial cleverness, cheap, makeshift (e.g. measures), shortsighted, perfunctory, halfhearted
  • 矛先 【ほこさき】 point of spear, spearhead, brunt, aim of attack, force of argument
  • 先ず 【まず】 first (of all), firstly, to begin with, before anything else, probably, most likely, almost certainly, virtually, more or less (satisfactory), on the whole, reasonably, anyway, at any rate, for now (at least), for the time being
  • まず第一に 【まずだいいちに】 first of all, in the first place, to begin with, for starters

Readings

Japanese names:
ぽん
Chinese:
xian1
Korean:
seon

Spanish

  • antes
  • adelante
  • previo
  • precedencia
  • extremo
  • punta
  • final
  • anterior

Portuguese

  • antes
  • prévio
  • na frente
  • futuro
  • precedência

French

  • avant
  • devant
  • précédent
  • futur
  • antériorité
33 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
43 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
49 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
201 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
571 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
65 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
16 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
280 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
50 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
48 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
145 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3046 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1552 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2123 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
254 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1349 Morohashi
2394 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
350 New Nelson (John Haig)
248 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
263 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
115 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
54 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2457 2001 Kanji
3b3.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-2 SKIP code
2421.1 Four corner code
1-32-72 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5148 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
stand, erect
Parts:
stand up, rise, set up, erect
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
58 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 立案 【リツアン】 planning, devising (a plan), drafting, drawing up
  • 立像 【リツゾウ】 standing statue, standing image
  • 並立 【ヘイリツ】 standing abreast
  • 不成立 【フセイリツ】 failure, rejection, rupture
  • 立ち木 【タチキ】 standing tree, standing timber
  • 立纓 【リュウエイ】 erect tail (of a traditional Japanese hat)
  • 開立 【カイリュウ】 extraction of cubic root
  • 造立 【ゾウリュウ】 erecting (temple, Buddhist statue, etc.)

Kun reading compounds

  • 立つ 【たつ】 to stand, to rise, to stand up, to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position), to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
  • 立つ瀬 【たつせ】 predicament, one's ground, one's position
  • 突立 【とったつ】 stand straight up
  • 立てる 【たてる】 to stand up, to put up, to set up, to erect, to raise, to thrust into, to bury into, to dig into, to make (a noise), to start (a rumour), to raise (a cloud of dust, etc.), to cause, to make, to establish, to set up, to develop, to formulate, to put up (a political candidate), to make (one's leader), to treat with respect, to give (someone) their due, to make (someone) look good, to avoid embarrassing (someone), to sharpen, to make clear, to shut, to close, to make tea (matcha), to perform the tea ceremony, to divide by, to do ... vigorously

Readings

Japanese names:
たち、 たっ、 たつ、 だて、 つい
Chinese:
li4
Korean:
rib

Spanish

  • levantarse
  • alzarse
  • ponerse en pie
  • levantar
  • erigir
  • estar en pie

Portuguese

  • Ficar de pé
  • levantar-se

French

  • debout
149 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
37 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
73 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
61 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3343 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
72 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
78 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
194 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
121 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
121 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
174 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1459 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2486 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1257 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1723 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
438 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25721 Morohashi
1992 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4223 New Nelson (John Haig)
431 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
462 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
35 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
49 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
473 2001 Kanji
5b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4-5-2 SKIP code
0010.8 Four corner code
1-46-9 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7acb Unicode hex code