Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former, pre- (e.g. "premodern"), before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour), in front (of), before (e.g. the house), head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part, in the presence of, helping, portion, privates, private parts
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation, front left, front and left, before and left
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Chinese:
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
substitute, change, convert, replace, period, age, counter for decades of ages, eras, etc., generation, charge, rate, fee
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
66 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 代 【ダイ】 charge, cost, price, generation, age, reign, era, a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone), switchboard number, counter for decades of ages, eras, etc., counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.), proxy application company, pronoun
  • 代官 【ダイカン】 Edo-period prefectural governor (magistrate, bailiff)
  • 大時代 【オオジダイ】 old-fashioned, antiquated, anachronistic
  • 次代 【ジダイ】 the next era
  • 代謝 【タイシャ】 metabolism, renewal, regeneration, replacing the old with the new
  • 代赭 【タイシャ】 red ocher (ochre)
  • 永代 【エイタイ】 permanence, eternity
  • 希代 【キタイ】 uncommon, rare, extraordinary, matchless

Kun reading compounds

  • 替わる 【かわる】 to succeed, to relieve, to replace, to take the place of, to substitute for, to take over for, to represent, to hand over (telephone), to be exchanged, to change (places with), to switch
  • 代わる代わる 【かわるがわる】 alternately, by turns
  • 替わる 【かわる】 to succeed, to relieve, to replace, to take the place of, to substitute for, to take over for, to represent, to hand over (telephone), to be exchanged, to change (places with), to switch
  • 代わる代わる 【かわるがわる】 alternately, by turns
  • 代わり 【かわり】 substitute, replacement, substituting, replacing, stand-in, proxy, alternate, deputy, relief, successor, compensation, exchange, return, another helping, second helping, seconds, refill, upcoming program, upcoming programme
  • 代わり合う 【かわりあう】 to relieve each other, to take turns (to do)
  • 代わり 【かわり】 substitute, replacement, substituting, replacing, stand-in, proxy, alternate, deputy, relief, successor, compensation, exchange, return, another helping, second helping, seconds, refill, upcoming program, upcoming programme
  • 代わり合う 【かわりあう】 to relieve each other, to take turns (to do)
  • 換える 【かえる】 to replace, to exchange, to interchange, to substitute
  • 世 【よ】 world, society, public, life, lifetime, age, era, period, epoch, generation, reign, rule, the times, world (of existence)
  • 代々 【だいだい】 for generations, hereditary, generation after generation
  • 千代 【ちよ】 thousand years, very long period, forever
  • 君が代 【きみがよ】 Imperial reign, Kimigayo (Japanese national anthem)
  • 代 【しろ】 substitution, material, price, margin (e.g. for stapling, etc.), area required for something, shiro (unit of land area equal to one-fiftieth of a tan; approx. 19.83 m.sq.)
  • 代物 【しろもの】 article, goods, product, fine thing, fellow, affair, stuff, prostitute
  • 阿代 【あしろ】 Ophidion asiro (species of cusk eel)
  • 食い代 【くいしろ】 food expenses

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
dai4
Korean:
dae

Spanish

  • generación
  • reinado
  • sustituir
  • reemplazar
  • relevar

Portuguese

  • substituto
  • mudança
  • convertido
  • repor
  • período
  • idade
  • geração
  • carga
  • valor
  • taxa

French

  • substituer
  • changer
  • convertir
  • remplacer
  • période
  • âge
  • ère
  • génération
  • montant d'argent
  • taux
  • prix
  • redevance
463 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
358 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
338 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
68 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
364 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
85 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
111 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
125 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
256 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
256 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
413 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
61 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
34 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
18 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
18 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1014 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
386 Morohashi
30 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
125 New Nelson (John Haig)
1005 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1080 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
87 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
257 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a3.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-3 SKIP code
2324.0 Four corner code
34-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4ee3 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
un-, not yet, hitherto, still, even now, sign of the ram, 1-3PM, eighth sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
いま.だま.だひつじ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
650 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 未 【ミ】 not yet, un-
  • 未解決 【ミカイケツ】 unsettled, pending, unresolved
  • 過現未 【カゲンミ】 past, present and future, three temporal states of existence
  • 未央柳 【ビヨウヤナギ】 Chinese hypericum (Hypericum monogynum)
  • 丁未 【ヒノトヒツジ】 44th of the sexagenary cycle
  • 癸未 【ミズノトヒツジ】 20th of the sexagenary cycle

Kun reading compounds

  • 未だ 【まだ】 still, as yet, hitherto, only, not yet, more, besides, unfinished, incomplete, not yet finished with
  • 未だかつて 【いまだかつて】 not until now, never yet
  • 未だ 【まだ】 still, as yet, hitherto, only, not yet, more, besides, unfinished, incomplete, not yet finished with
  • 未だしも 【まだしも】 rather, better
  • 未 【ひつじ】 eighth sign of the Chinese zodiac (The Ram, 1pm-3pm, south-southwest, June)
  • 未草 【ひつじぐさ】 pygmy waterlily (Nymphaea tetragona)
  • 辛未 【かのとひつじ】 eighth of the sexagenary cycle
  • 乙未 【きのとひつじ】 thirty-second of the sexagenary cycle

Readings

Chinese:
wei4
Korean:
mi

Spanish

  • aún no
  • todavía
  • hasta ahora

Portuguese

  • já-
  • não ainda
  • até aqui
  • ainda
  • até mesmo agora

French

  • non-
  • encore
  • pas encore
  • jusqu'ici
  • même maintenant
  • signe de la 8ème branche terrestre
  • signe du Mouton (zodiaque)
  • 13 à 15 heures
872 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
617 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
794 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
801 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
179 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
626 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
615 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
210 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
306 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
306 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
583 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1048 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4318 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2185 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2941 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
221 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14419 Morohashi
3506 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2535 New Nelson (John Haig)
216 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
229 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
458 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1464 2001 Kanji
0a5.27 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
5090.0 Four corner code
44-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
672a Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
ear
Parts:
Variants:
hear, ask, listen
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
319 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 聞香 【ブンコウ】 smelling incense, savoring incense, distinguishing incense by smell, incense-smelling party
  • 聞知 【ブンチ】 learn of
  • スポーツ新聞 【スポーツシンブン】 sports newspaper
  • 壁新聞 【カベシンブン】 wall newspaper, wall poster
  • 聞香 【ブンコウ】 smelling incense, savoring incense, distinguishing incense by smell, incense-smelling party
  • 聞法 【モンボウ】 hearing the teachings of Buddha
  • 奏聞 【ソウモン】 reporting to the Emperor
  • 声聞 【ショウモン】 sravaka (disciple of Buddha), adherent of Hinayana Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 聞く 【きく】 to hear, to listen (e.g. to music), to ask, to enquire, to query, to learn of, to hear about, to follow (advice), to comply with, to smell (esp. incense), to sample fragrance
  • 聞くだけ野暮 【きくだけやぼ】 asking would be rude, tasteless question
  • 聞こえる 【きこえる】 to be heard, to be audible, to be said to be, to be reputed

Readings

Chinese:
wen2, wen4
Korean:
mun

Spanish

  • preguntar
  • escuchar
  • rumor
  • reputación
  • oír

Portuguese

  • escutar
  • perguntar
  • escuta

French

  • entendre
  • écouter
  • demander
314 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
219 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
200 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
262 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4959 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
109 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
80 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2244 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
64 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
64 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
179 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1584 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4127 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2097 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2840 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1640 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
29104 Morohashi
3326 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4732 New Nelson (John Haig)
1626 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1754 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
184 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
234 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3854 2001 Kanji
8e6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-6 SKIP code
7712.1 Four corner code
7740.1 Four corner code
42-25 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
805e Unicode hex code