Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
elementary, principle, naked, uncovered
Kun:
もと
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
660 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 素 【ソ】 plain, white silk, prime
  • 素案 【ソアン】 rough plan, draft
  • 栄養素 【エイヨウソ】 nutrient
  • 酵素 【コウソ】 enzyme
  • 素 【ス】 one's nature, one's feelings, oneself, plain, unadorned, undecorated, unadulterated, au naturel, mere, poor, exceedingly
  • 素顔 【スガオ】 face with no make-up, unpainted face, true face (of a country, celebrity, etc.), real face, true picture, real nature, sober face, sobriety
  • 空素 【カラス】 dealt hand containing only 1-point cards (scoring combination)
  • 鉤素 【ハリス】 snell (fishing), leader, trace, cast

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 元より 【もとより】 from the beginning, from the first, all along, originally, of course
  • 味の素 【あじのもと】 Ajinomoto, brand name of monosodium glutamate (MSG)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
su4
Korean:
so

Spanish

  • materia prima
  • elemental
  • normal
  • usual

Portuguese

  • elementar
  • princípio
  • descoberto
  • nu

French

  • élément
  • principe
  • nu
  • découvert
658 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
759 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
737 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
717 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3511 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
797 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1623 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1707 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
271 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
271 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
636 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1506 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3108 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1590 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2171 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1546 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27300 Morohashi
2458 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4456 New Nelson (John Haig)
1532 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1652 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
500 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
716 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1441 2001 Kanji
6a4.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-6 SKIP code
5090.3 Four corner code
1-33-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d20 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
straightaway, honesty, frankness, fix, repair
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
246 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 直 【チョク】 direct, in person, frankness, honesty, simplicity, cheerfulness, correctness, being straight, night duty, shift (e.g. in a factory)
  • 直営 【チョクエイ】 direct management
  • 司直 【シチョク】 judge, judiciary, administration of justice, judicial authorities
  • 愚直 【グチョク】 simple honesty, tactless frankness
  • 直 【ジキ】 soon, in a moment, before long, shortly, nearby, close, direct, spot transaction, cash transaction
  • 直に 【ジキニ】 immediately, right away, at once, soon, shortly, in a moment, before long, easily, readily
  • 高直 【コウジキ】 expensive, valuable
  • バカ正直 【バカショウジキ】 honest to a fault, foolishly honest, naively honest
  • 直 【ジカ】 direct
  • 直に 【ジカニ】 directly, in person, firsthand

Kun reading compounds

  • 直ちに 【ただちに】 at once, immediately, right away, without delay, directly (face, lead to, etc.), automatically (mean, result in, etc.)
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again, to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform
  • 直る 【なおる】 to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed, to return to normal, to recover (e.g. one's temper), to be restored, to improve, to rally, to come right, to be corrected, to get put right, to be rectified, to come right, to cure (itself), to get cured, to sit properly, to be promoted, to rise, to have one's crimes forgiven
  • 直き 【なおき】 straight, upright
  • 直ぐ 【すぐ】 immediately, at once, right away, directly, soon, before long, shortly, easily, readily, without difficulty, right (near), nearby, just (handy), honest, upright, frank, straightforward
  • 直ぐさま 【すぐさま】 immediately, promptly
  • 真直ぐ 【ますぐ】 straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect, straightforward, honest, frank

Readings

Japanese names:
すぐ、 なお、 のう、 のお
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi2
Korean:
jig

Spanish

  • derecho
  • recto
  • correcto
  • de inmediato
  • arreglar
  • reparar
  • arreglarse
  • repararse

Portuguese

  • retidão
  • honestidade
  • franqueza
  • consertar
  • reparo

French

  • droit devant
  • directement
  • honnêteté
  • franchise
  • réparer
  • guérir
  • tout de suite
472 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
349 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
329 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
775 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
304 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
758 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
988 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.3 Japanese for Busy People
423 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
429 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
220 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1377 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3649 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2539 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
73 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23136 Morohashi
2932 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3908 New Nelson (John Haig)
73 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
77 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
214 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
162 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1575 2001 Kanji
2k6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-1-7 SKIP code
2-2-6 SKIP code
4071.6 Four corner code
1-36-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76f4 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
bad, vice, rascal, false, evil, wrong
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
530 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 悪 【アク】 evil, wickedness, (role of) the villain (in theatre, etc.), the bad guy
  • 悪質 【アクシツ】 malicious, vicious, malignant, underhanded, shoddy, inferior, poor-quality, second-rate
  • 害悪 【ガイアク】 harm, injury, evil (influence)
  • 改悪 【カイアク】 deterioration, changing for the worse
  • 悪寒 【オカン】 chill, shakes, ague
  • 悪血 【アクチ】 impure blood
  • 自己嫌悪 【ジコケンオ】 self-hatred, self-abhorrence, self-loathing
  • 好悪 【コウオ】 likes and dislikes

Kun reading compounds

  • 悪い 【わるい】 bad, poor, undesirable, poor (quality), inferior, insufficient, evil, sinful, ugly, not beautiful, at fault, to blame, in the wrong, bad (at doing something), unprofitable, unbeneficial, sorry, (my) bad, unforgivable
  • 悪い行い 【わるいおこない】 bad deed, evil deed
  • 悪し 【あし】 bad, evil
  • 悪しからず 【あしからず】 don't get me wrong, but ..., I'm sorry
  • 難い 【にくい】 difficult to ..., hard to ...
  • 憎い 【にくい】 hateful, abominable, poor-looking, detestable, amazing, fantastic, admirable, lovely, wonderful
  • 安んぞ 【いずくんぞ】 how, why
  • 憎む 【にくむ】 to hate, to detest

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
e4, e3, wu4
Korean:
ag, o

Spanish

  • malo
  • incorrecto
  • equivocado
  • odio
  • mal

Portuguese

  • mal
  • ruim
  • falso
  • mau
  • errado

French

  • mauvais
  • vice
  • vaurien
  • faux
  • mal
152 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
241 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
222 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
504 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
62 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
804 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
175 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1483A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.14 Japanese for Busy People
304 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
304 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
114 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
785 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3413 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1758 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2393 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1828 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10717 Morohashi
2745 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1873 New Nelson (John Haig)
1810 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1951 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
295 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
369 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3258 2001 Kanji
4k7.17 The Kanji Dictionary
2-7-4 SKIP code
1033.1 Four corner code
1-16-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
60aa Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
woman, female
Kun:
おんな
On:
ジョニョニョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
151 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 女 【ジョ】 woman, girl, daughter, Chinese "Girl" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
  • 女王 【ジョオウ】 queen, female champion
  • 処女 【ショジョ】 virgin, maiden
  • 一女 【イチジョ】 one daughter, eldest daughter, first-born daughter
  • 女王 【ジョオウ】 queen, female champion
  • 女房 【ニョウボウ】 wife (esp. one's own wife), court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace, woman (esp. as a love interest)
  • 老若男女 【ロウニャクナンニョ】 men and women of all ages
  • 天女 【テンニョ】 heavenly nymph, celestial maiden, beautiful and kind woman
  • 女房 【ニョウボウ】 wife (esp. one's own wife), court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace, woman (esp. as a love interest)
  • 女官 【ジョカン】 court lady, lady-in-waiting

Kun reading compounds

  • 女 【おんな】 female, woman, female sex, female lover, girlfriend, mistress, (someone's) woman
  • 女形 【おんながた】 onnagata, male actor in female kabuki roles, female partner (in a relationship)
  • 醜女 【しゅうじょ】 homely woman, plain-looking woman, female demon
  • 囲い女 【かこいおんな】 mistress
  • 雌 【め】 female, smaller (of the two), weaker, woman, wife
  • 女神 【めがみ】 goddess, female deity
  • 早乙女 【さおとめ】 young female rice planter, young girl
  • 醜女 【しゅうじょ】 homely woman, plain-looking woman, female demon

Readings

Japanese names:
おな、 た、 つき、 な
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nu:3, ru3
Korean:
nyeo, yeo

Spanish

  • femenino
  • mujer

Portuguese

  • mulher
  • fêmea

French

  • femme
  • féminin
32 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
41 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
35 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
178 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1185 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
62 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
42 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
114 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
102 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
102 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
68 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
423 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4226 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2884 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
99 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6036 Morohashi
3418 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1173 New Nelson (John Haig)
98 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
102 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
60 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
19 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1769 2001 Kanji
3e0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4040.0 Four corner code
1-29-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5973 Unicode hex code