Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空域 【クウイキ】 airspace
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace
  • 防空 【ボウクウ】 air defense, air defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • 空模様 【そらもよう】 look of the sky, weather
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 晴れた空 【はれたそら】 clear sky, cloudless sky
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空手 【からて】 karate, empty handed
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Chinese:
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
steam, breath
Parts:
Variants:
spirit, mind, air, atmosphere, mood
Kun:
いき
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
113 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 気 【キ】 spirit, mind, heart, nature, disposition, motivation, intention, mood, feelings, ambience, atmosphere, mood
  • 気合 【キアイ】 (fighting) spirit, motivation, effort, shout (for getting in the right mood to deal with something, etc.), cheer, yell, kiai, short shout when performing an attacking move
  • 心意気 【ココロイキ】 spirit, disposition
  • 水気 【ミズケ】 water content, moisture, juiciness, dampness, water vapor (vapour), steam, dropsy, edema, oedema
  • 気 【ケ】 sign, indication, trace, touch, feeling, somehow, for some reason, seeming to be
  • 気配 【ケハイ】 indication, sign, hint, presence, trend, quotation (esp. stock market)
  • 嫌気 【イヤキ】 dislike, disgust, disinclination, tired of
  • 水気 【ミズケ】 water content, moisture, juiciness, dampness, water vapor (vapour), steam, dropsy, edema, oedema

Kun reading compounds

  • 心意気 【こころいき】 spirit, disposition
  • 水気 【みずけ】 water content, moisture, juiciness, dampness, water vapor (vapour), steam, dropsy, edema, oedema

Readings

Chinese:
qi4
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • espíritu
  • mente

Portuguese

  • espírito
  • mente

French

  • esprit
  • air
  • atmosphère
  • humeur
59 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
68 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
11 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
77 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2480 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
144 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
67 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
319 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.6 Japanese for Busy People
134 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
134 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
246 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1150 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3960 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2037 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2751 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1903 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17046P Morohashi
3194 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3025 New Nelson (John Haig)
1885 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2030 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
55 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
52 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2356 2001 Kanji
0a6.8 The Kanji Dictionary
3-4-2 SKIP code
2-2-4 SKIP code
8041.7 Four corner code
21-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c17 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
dirty, pollute, disgrace, rape, defile
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
908 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 汚水 【オスイ】 filthy water, sewage
  • 汚職 【オショク】 corruption
  • 貪汚 【タンオ】 greed, corruption

Kun reading compounds

  • 汚す 【よごす】 to pollute, to contaminate, to soil, to make dirty, to stain, to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
  • 汚れる 【けがれる】 to be violated, to be corrupted, to be polluted, to be stained
  • 汚らわしい 【けがらわしい】 filthy, unfair, dirty, untouchable, disgusting, nasty, foul, odious, repulsive
  • 汚す 【よごす】 to pollute, to contaminate, to soil, to make dirty, to stain, to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
  • 汚れる 【よごれる】 to get dirty, to become dirty, to become sullied, to become corrupted, to lose one's chastity
  • 汚い 【きたない】 dirty, filthy, foul, unclean, disordered, messy, untidy, poor (e.g. handwriting), indecent (language, etc.), dirty, vulgar, coarse, dastardly, mean, base, underhanded, stingy, greedy
  • 汚い手を使う 【きたないてをつかう】 to play a dirty trick, to use underhanded methods, to hit below the belt, to play false

Readings

Chinese:
wu1
Korean:
o

Spanish

  • sucio
  • manchado
  • manchar
  • deshonrar
  • ensuciar
  • difamar
  • obsceno
  • ensuciarse

Portuguese

  • sujo
  • poluir
  • desgraça
  • estupro
  • sujar

French

  • sale
  • polluer
  • disgrâce
  • profaner
  • souiller
1031 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1246 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2494 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1531 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
666 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
693 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
706 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
907 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1158 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
258 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
196 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1253 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17133 Morohashi
222 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3047 New Nelson (John Haig)
1245 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1334 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1083 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
352 2001 Kanji
3a3.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
1-3-4 SKIP code
3112.7 Four corner code
17-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c5a Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
dye, color, paint, stain, print
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
837 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 染色体 【センショクタイ】 chromosome
  • 染色 【センショク】 dyeing, staining, dyed colour (color)
  • 媒染 【バイセン】 color fixing, colour fixing, mordantizing
  • 複合汚染 【フクゴウオセン】 multiple contamination

Kun reading compounds

  • 染める 【そめる】 to dye, to colour, to color
  • 染まる 【そまる】 to be dyed, to be tainted, to be infected, to be stained, to be steeped
  • 染みる 【しみる】 to pierce, to penetrate, to soak in, to permeate, to sting (wound or sensitive area, etc.), to smart, to twinge, to be infected (with vice), to be steeped (with prejudice), to be influenced, to feel keenly, to make a deep impression
  • 染み 【しみ】 stain, spot, smudge, blot, smear, blotch, spot (on one's skin, e.g. chloasma, liver spot), blemish, discoloration, freckle
  • 染みる 【しみる】 to pierce, to penetrate, to soak in, to permeate, to sting (wound or sensitive area, etc.), to smart, to twinge, to be infected (with vice), to be steeped (with prejudice), to be influenced, to feel keenly, to make a deep impression

Readings

Japanese names:
そめ
Chinese:
ran3
Korean:
yeom

Spanish

  • tinte
  • teñir
  • contagiar
  • colorear
  • manchar
  • mancha

Portuguese

  • tinta
  • cor
  • pintura
  • tingir
  • impressão

French

  • teindre
  • tache
  • pollution
  • colorer
  • peindre
  • imprimer
928 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
917 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1161 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2240 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
974 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1426 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
968 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
779 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
793 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
908 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1058 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3181 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1640 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2229 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
220 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14621 Morohashi
2572 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2636 New Nelson (John Haig)
509 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
548 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
889 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
4a5.35 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-4 SKIP code
3490.4 Four corner code
32-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
67d3 Unicode hex code