Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
ground, earth
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
40 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 地 【チ】 earth, ground, land, soil, place, territory, bottom (of a package, book, etc.), earth (one of the five elements)
  • 地位 【チイ】 (social) position, status
  • 奥地 【オクチ】 interior, backwoods, hinterland, back regions
  • 対地 【タイチ】 ground to ground
  • 地 【ジ】 ground, land, earth, soil, the region in question, the local area, skin, texture, fabric, material, weave, base, background, one's true nature, narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story), real life, actuality, captured territory (in the game of go), noh chorus, accompaniment music (in Japanese dance), basic phrase (in Japanese music; usu. repetitive), base part (of multiple shamisens)
  • 地合い 【ジアイ】 texture (cloth, fabric, paper), market tone, undertone, balance between the position of white and black stones (in go)
  • 下地 【シタジ】 groundwork, foundation, inclination, aptitude, elementary knowledge (of), grounding (in), undercoat, first coat, soy sauce
  • 築地 【ツイジ】 mud wall with a roof, roofed mud wall

Readings

Japanese names:
どま
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
di4, de5
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • terreno
  • posición

Portuguese

  • terra
  • chão

French

  • sol
  • terre
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
184 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
40 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
143 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
143 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
241 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
118 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
118 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
146 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
367 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
236 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
152 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
521 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4890 Morohashi
204 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
976 New Nelson (John Haig)
515 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
554 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
45 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
130 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
3b3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
4411.2 Four corner code
1-35-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5730 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana-
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 呈上 【テイジョウ】 giving, gifting, presenting
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上期 【かみき】 first half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, finishing (in a board or card game, etc.), green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo), upstream, uphill
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 going up and down, ascent and descent, climb and descent
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
stalk, stem
Kun:
くき
On:
ケイキョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
2013 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 茎頂 【ケイチョウ】 tip of a stem (of a plant)
  • 茎葉 【ケイヨウ】 stems and leaves
  • 塊茎 【カイケイ】 tuber
  • 包茎 【ホウケイ】 phimosis
  • 包茎 【ホウケイ】 phimosis
  • 陰茎 【インケイ】 penis

Kun reading compounds

  • 茎 【くき】 stalk, stem
  • 茎茶 【くきちゃ】 twig tea, stem tea, kukicha, tea made from twigs pruned from the tea plant during its dormant season
  • 水茎 【みずぐき】 writing brush, writing, handwriting
  • 一茎 【ひとくき】 one stem

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jing1
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • tallo
  • caña
  • raíz

Portuguese

  • caule
  • talo

French

  • tige
  • queue
1194 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1995 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3912 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1291 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1700 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
684 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1474 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1571 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1836 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
647 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2788 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1432 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1931 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
722 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30861PX Morohashi
2242 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4991 New Nelson (John Haig)
715 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
772 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1214 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1972 2001 Kanji
3k5.23 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
4410.4 Four corner code
1-23-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
830e Unicode hex code