Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
history, chronicle
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
511 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 史 【シ】 history
  • 史学 【シガク】 study of history
  • 女史 【ジョシ】 lady (of high social status; e.g. scholar, artist, critic, politician), Ms, Mrs, Miss
  • 通史 【ツウシ】 overview of history

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あや、 お、 こ、 ちか、 とし、 なか、 のぶ、 ひさ、 ひと、 ふみ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi3
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • historia
  • crónica

Portuguese

  • história
  • crônica

French

  • histoire
  • chronique
411 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
523 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
496 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
563 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
91 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
81 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
398 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
183 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
332 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
332 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
705 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
317 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4324 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2188 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2946 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
699 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3249 Morohashi
3510 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
697 New Nelson (John Haig)
692 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
747 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
300 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
450 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1666 2001 Kanji
0a5.38 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-4 SKIP code
5004.6 Four corner code
5000.6 Four corner code
1-27-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53f2 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana-
  • 上着 【ウワギ】 coat, tunic, jacket, outer garment
  • 向上 【コウジョウ】 elevation, rise, improvement, advancement, progress
  • 北上 【ホクジョウ】 going north
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 和尚 【オショウ】 priestly teacher, preceptor, monk (esp. the head monk of a temple), priest, head priest, second highest priestly rank in Buddhism, master (of one's art, trade, etc.)
  • 呈上 【テイジョウ】 giving, gifting, presenting
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 父上 【ちちうえ】 father
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上手 【うわて】 upper part, upper stream, upper course of a river, right side of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage left (actor's POV), skillful (in comparisons), dexterity, over-arm grip on opponent's belt
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, finishing (in a board or card game, etc.), green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がりこむ 【あがりこむ】 to enter (house, room, etc.), to step in
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo), upstream, uphill
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 going up and down, ascent and descent, climb and descent
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
say
Parts:
Variants:
utmost, most, extreme
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
82 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 最 【サイ】 the most, the extreme, prime, conspicuous
  • 最近 【サイキン】 recently, lately, these days, nowadays, right now, nearest, closest

Kun reading compounds

  • 最も 【もっとも】 most, extremely
  • 最も近い共通祖先 【もっともちかいきょうつうそせん】 most recent common ancestor

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zui4
Korean:
choe

Spanish

  • prefijo para superlativo
  • más
  • sumamente
  • extremadamente

Portuguese

  • Capacidade máxima
  • maior
  • extremo

French

  • le plus
  • ultra-
  • extrême
402 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
510 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
484 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
121 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2146 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
291 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
612 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1742 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.11 Japanese for Busy People
263 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
263 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
439 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1000 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3120 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1599 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
829 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14301 Morohashi
2472 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2492 New Nelson (John Haig)
821 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
884 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
99 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
587 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3867 2001 Kanji
4c8.10 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-8 SKIP code
6014.7 Four corner code
1-26-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6700 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
bow
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
112 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 強 【キョウ】 a little over, a little more than, powerhouse, one of the biggest, one of the most powerful, upper (seismic intensity)
  • 強力 【キョウリョク】 powerful, strong
  • 勉強 【ベンキョウ】 study, diligence, working hard, experience, lesson (for the future), discount, price reduction
  • 補強 【ホキョウ】 reinforcement, strengthening
  • 強盗 【ゴウトウ】 robber, mugger, robbery, burglary
  • 強引 【ゴウイン】 overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed

Kun reading compounds

  • 強い 【つよい】 strong, potent, competent, domineering, tough, strong, brawny, powerful, healthy, rugged, good (at), skilled, knowledgeable, being able to handle, know how to deal (with), durable (against), resistant (to), resilient, firm, rigid, solid, intense, strong, fierce, high, dependable, trustworthy
  • 強い心 【つよいこころ】 stout heart, strong mind
  • 強まる 【つよまる】 to get strong, to gain strength
  • 強める 【つよめる】 to strengthen, to emphasize, to emphasise
  • 強いる 【しいる】 to force, to compel, to coerce, to press, to impose
  • 強い 【こわい】 tough, stiff, hard, inflexible, obstinate, stubborn, tired, worn out
  • 強飯 【こわめし】 glutinous rice with red beans (eaten on celebratory occasions), mochi rice with red beans

Readings

Japanese names:
すね
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qiang2, jiang4, qiang3
Korean:
gang

Spanish

  • fuerte
  • coacción
  • poderoso
  • obligar
  • forzar
  • coaccionar

Portuguese

  • Forte
  • poderoso
  • forçar

French

  • fort
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
100 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
112 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1571 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
332 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
170 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1878 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
217 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
217 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
611 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
574 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
349 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
432 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1243 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9815 Morohashi
475 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1695 New Nelson (John Haig)
1235 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1321 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
133 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
201 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3571 2001 Kanji
3h8.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
1323.6 Four corner code
1-22-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f37 Unicode hex code