Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
darkness, disappear, shade, informal, grow dark, be blinded
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1040 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 暗黒 【アンコク】 darkness
  • 暗雲 【アンウン】 dark clouds
  • 明暗 【メイアン】 light and darkness, light and shade
  • 冥暗 【メイアン】 gloom, shade

Kun reading compounds

  • 暗い 【くらい】 dark, gloomy, murky, depressed, dispirited, down in the dumps, dark (mood), dark (in colour), dull, ill-boding, dark (e.g. past), suspicious, unlikely (to succeed), hopeless, unpromising, unfamiliar (with), ignorant (of)
  • 暗い過去 【くらいかこ】 shadowy past, murky past
  • 眩む 【くらむ】 to be dazzled by, to be dizzied by, to be disoriented by, to be lost in (greed, lust, etc.), to become dark
  • 暮れる 【くれる】 to get dark, to grow dark, to end (of a day, year, season, etc.), to come to an end, to close, to be sunk in (e.g. despair), to be lost in (e.g. thought), to be overcome with

Readings

Chinese:
an4
Korean:
am

Spanish

  • oscuro
  • poco claro
  • memorizar
  • sombrío

Portuguese

  • escuridão
  • desaparecer
  • sombra
  • informal
  • escurecer
  • cegar

French

  • obscurité
  • disparaître
  • ombre
  • informel
  • s'assombrir
  • être aveuglé
154 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
243 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
224 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1044 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2154 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
576 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
191 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1883 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
348 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
107 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
992 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1273 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
689 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
921 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
491 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14065 Morohashi
1010 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2503 New Nelson (John Haig)
480 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
519 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
415 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3878 2001 Kanji
4c9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-9 SKIP code
6006.1 Four corner code
16-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6697 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
black
Parts:
black
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
573 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 黒煙 【コクエン】 black smoke
  • 黒衣 【コクイ】 black clothes
  • 大黒 【ダイコク】 god of wealth, monk's wife
  • 二黒 【ジコク】 second of nine traditional astrological signs (corresponding to Saturn and southwest)

Kun reading compounds

  • 黒 【くろ】 black, black go stone, guilt, guilty person
  • 黒い 【くろい】 black, dark, blackish, sun-tanned (skin), suspicious, criminal, illicit, darkened and dirty, sooty, covered in dirt, evil, wicked, black-hearted, inauspicious, ill-boding, unlucky
  • 黒ずむ 【くろずむ】 to blacken, to darken
  • 黒い 【くろい】 black, dark, blackish, sun-tanned (skin), suspicious, criminal, illicit, darkened and dirty, sooty, covered in dirt, evil, wicked, black-hearted, inauspicious, ill-boding, unlucky
  • 黒い霧 【くろいきり】 thick fog (of suspicion), black veil of secrecy, covered-up crime, unethical act, etc.

Readings

Chinese:
hei1
Korean:
heug

Spanish

  • negro
  • maldad

Portuguese

  • preto

French

  • noir
80 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
137 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
124 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
317 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5403 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
286 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
284 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1486 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
206 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
206 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
45 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1940 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3406 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1754 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2388 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
176 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
48040 Morohashi
2740 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
7052 New Nelson (John Haig)
174 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
186 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
204 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3640 2001 Kanji
4d7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-7-4 SKIP code
6033.1 Four corner code
25-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9ed2 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
cow 牛 (牜)
Parts:
thing, object, matter
Kun:
ものもの-
On:
ブツモツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
215 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 物 【ブツ】 stock, products, stolen goods, loot, spoils
  • 物議 【ブツギ】 public discussion, public criticism, controversy
  • 異物 【イブツ】 foreign substance, foreign body, foreign contamination, strange object, unusual object, dead body, corpse, remains
  • 遺物 【イブツ】 relic, remains, memento
  • 財物 【ザイブツ】 property
  • 幣物 【ヘイモツ】 Shinto offerings, present to a guest

Kun reading compounds

  • 物 【もの】 thing, object, article, stuff, substance, one's things, possessions, property, belongings, things, something, anything, everything, nothing, quality, reason, the way of things, used to emphasize emotion, judgment, etc., used to indicate a common occurrence in the past (after a verb in past tense), used to indicate a general tendency, used to indicate something that should happen, item classified as ..., item related to ..., work in the genre of ..., cause of ..., cause for ..., somehow, somewhat, for some reason, really, truly
  • 物言い 【ものいい】 manner of speaking, verbal argument, objection, protesting a decision (esp. that of a sumo referee), rumor, rumour
  • 先物 【さきもの】 futures
  • 拾い物 【ひろいもの】 a find, windfall, bargain

Readings

Chinese:
wu4
Korean:
mul

Spanish

  • cosa
  • objeto
  • materia

Portuguese

  • coisa
  • objeto
  • matéria

French

  • objet
  • chose
  • matière
313 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
410 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
387 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
126 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2857 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
74 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
214 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
611 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
79 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
79 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
321 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1290 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1084 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
587 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
777 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1059 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
19959 Morohashi
874 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3538 New Nelson (John Haig)
1050 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1129 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
95 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
313 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2451 2001 Kanji
4g4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
2752.0 Four corner code
42-10 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7269 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
Variants:
substance, quality, matter, temperament
Kun:
たちただ.すもとわりふ
On:
シツシチ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N4
389 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 質 【シツ】 quality, value, nature, inherent quality, character, logical quality
  • 質疑 【シツギ】 question, interpellation
  • 変質 【ヘンシツ】 alteration (of character or essence), change in quality, transformation, deterioration, degeneration, transmutation
  • タンパク質 【タンパクシツ】 protein
  • 質 【シチ】 pawn, pawned article, pledge, security, guarantee
  • 質屋 【シチヤ】 pawnshop
  • 入質 【ニュウシチ】 pawning
  • 流質 【リュウシチ】 forfeiting a pawned article
  • 入質 【ニュウシチ】 pawning
  • 流質 【リュウシチ】 forfeiting a pawned article

Kun reading compounds

  • 質 【たち】 nature (of a person), disposition, temperament, nature (of something), character, kind, sort
  • 質がいい 【たちがいい】 good-natured, of good character
  • 質す 【ただす】 to enquire of someone about something (inquire), to question

Readings

Chinese:
zhi2, zhi4
Korean:
jil, ji

Spanish

  • substancia
  • contenido
  • simplicidad
  • calidad
  • depósito
  • custodia

Portuguese

  • substância
  • qualidade
  • matéria
  • temperamento

French

  • substance
  • matière
  • qualité
  • tempérament
628 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
699 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
369 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4518 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
325 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
253 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2395 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
176 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
176 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
238 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1737 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3483 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1796 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2445 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1146 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36833 Morohashi
2808 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5817 New Nelson (John Haig)
1137 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1219 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
359 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
808 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2661 2001 Kanji
7b8.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-7 SKIP code
2-13-2 SKIP code
7280.6 Four corner code
28-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8cea Unicode hex code