Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, (glass of) cold water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (attitude, stare, etc.), frigid, indifferent, distant, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
1-46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
frozen, congeal, refrigerate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1284 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凍結 【トウケツ】 freezing (e.g. water), freezing (prices, wages, assets, etc.), moratorium, suspension (e.g. investment)
  • 凍死 【トウシ】 death from cold, freezing to death
  • 解凍 【カイトウ】 thaw, defrosting, decompression (e.g. of a file), unpacking, extracting, unzipping
  • 自動解凍 【ジドウカイトウ】 self-extracting (file)

Kun reading compounds

  • 凍る 【こおる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
  • 凍える 【こごえる】 to freeze (of one's body), to be frozen, to become numb (with cold), to be chilled
  • 凍てる 【いてる】 to freeze, to freeze over
  • 凍みる 【しみる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal

Readings

Japanese names:
こおり
Chinese:
dong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • helado
  • congelado
  • helar
  • congelarse
  • helarse
  • entumecerse

Portuguese

  • congelado
  • congelar
  • refrigerar

French

  • gelé
  • congeler
  • réfrigérer
1644 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1274 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
649 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1435 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
349 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1205 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1268 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1094 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
168 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
146 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
97 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
111 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
518 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1670 Morohashi
129 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
427 New Nelson (John Haig)
506 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
545 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1309 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
2b8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-8 SKIP code
3519.6 Four corner code
1-37-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51cd Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
eat, food 食 (飠)
Parts:
eat, food
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
328 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 食 【ショク】 food, foodstuff, eating, appetite, meal
  • 食 【ショク】 eclipse (solar, lunar, etc.)
  • 飽食 【ホウショク】 gluttony, satiation, engorgement
  • 会食 【カイショク】 dining together, mess
  • 食 【ショク】 food, foodstuff, eating, appetite, meal
  • 食堂 【ジキドウ】 dining hall (at a temple)
  • 断食 【ダンジキ】 fasting, fast
  • 斎食 【サイジキ】 morning meal (for priests, monks, etc.), food offering at a Buddhist ceremony

Kun reading compounds

  • 食う 【くう】 to eat, to live, to make a living, to survive, to bite, to sting (as insects do), to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of, to encroach on, to eat into, to consume, to defeat a superior, to threaten a position, to consume time and-or resources, to receive something (usu. an unfavourable event), to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
  • 食うや食わず 【くうやくわず】 (living) from hand to mouth, living on the fringe of subsistence
  • 食らう 【くらう】 to eat, to drink, to wolf, to knock back, to receive (e.g. a blow), to be on the receiving end (of something undesirable), to undergo (trouble)
  • 食べる 【たべる】 to eat, to live on (e.g. a salary), to live off, to subsist on
  • 食べるラー油 【たべるラーゆ】 chili oil mixed with chopped garlic, onions, etc.
  • 食む 【はむ】 to eat (fodder, grass, etc.), to receive (a salary), to receive a stipend from one's lord

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐい
Chinese:
shi2, si4
Korean:
sig, sa

Spanish

  • alimento
  • comida
  • eclipse
  • comer

Portuguese

  • comer
  • comida
  • alimento

French

  • manger
  • nourriture
253 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
146 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
269 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5154 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
283 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
99 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1159 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
322 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
322 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
131 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1900 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2578 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1316 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1484 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44014 Morohashi
2075 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6674 New Nelson (John Haig)
1472 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1582 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
207 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
180 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2865 2001 Kanji
8b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
8073.2 Four corner code
1-31-9 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
98df Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
goods, refinement, dignity, article, counter for meal courses
Kun:
しな
On:
ヒンホン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
225 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 品 【ヒン】 elegance, grace, refinement, class, dignity, article, item, counter for items (of food, etc.), counter for dishes or courses (at a restaurant)
  • 品位 【ヒンイ】 dignity, grace, nobility, grade, quality, fineness, carat, karat
  • 小品 【ショウヒン】 short piece (of music, writing), small work (painting, sculpture, etc.), literary sketch, essay, small article, small item
  • 遺品 【イヒン】 things left (to one) by the deceased, inherited item, estate, memento, keepsake, lost item, lost property
  • 品 【ホン】 court rank, level, grade, chapter, section, volume
  • 品題 【ホンダイ】 chapter title, section title, volume title
  • 九品 【クホン】 nine levels of Amitabha's Pure Land, Amitabha's Pure Land, nine-tiered lotus leaf platform in Amitabha's Pure Land

Kun reading compounds

  • 品 【しな】 article, item, thing, goods, stock, quality, flirtatiousness, coquetry
  • 品目 【ひんもく】 item, commodity, list of articles
  • 一品 【いっぴん】 item, article, dish, course, finest item
  • 極め付きの品 【きわめつきのしな】 article of certified genuineness

Readings

Chinese:
pin3
Korean:
pum

Spanish

  • producto
  • artículo
  • bienes

Portuguese

  • bens
  • refinamento
  • dignidade
  • artigo
  • sufixo para contagem de para pratos de refeição

French

  • marchandise
  • dignité
  • raffinement
  • article
  • compteur de plats
311 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
405 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
382 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
138 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
923 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
146 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
138 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
916 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.11 Japanese for Busy People
230 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
230 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
683 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
328 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2795 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1437 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1937 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
23 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3581 Morohashi
2248 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
792 New Nelson (John Haig)
23 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
23 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
372 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
345 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3777 2001 Kanji
3d6.15 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
6066.0 Four corner code
1-41-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
54c1 Unicode hex code