Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
hook
Parts:
Variants:
beforehand, previous, myself, I
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
180 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 予 【ヨ】 I, me
  • 予感 【ヨカン】 presentiment, premonition, hunch, to have a premonition, to have a hunch
  • 起訴猶予 【キソユウヨ】 suspension of indictment, leaving charge on the file
  • 執行猶予 【シッコウユウヨ】 stay of execution, suspended sentence

Kun reading compounds

  • 予め 【あらかじめ】 beforehand, in advance, previously

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yu2, yu3
Korean:
yeo

Spanish

  • de antemano
  • previo

Portuguese

  • de antemão
  • prévio
  • eu mesmo
  • Eu

French

  • auparavant
  • à l'avance
  • moi
  • je
525 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
425 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
403 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
160 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
531 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
294 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
62 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
393 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
397 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
403 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
275 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2477 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1253 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1719 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1607 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
231 Morohashi
1983 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
68 New Nelson (John Haig)
1593 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1719 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
283 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
245 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3553 2001 Kanji
0a4.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
2-3-1 SKIP code
1720.2 Four corner code
1-45-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e88 Unicode hex code

15 strokes (also 14)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
elect, select, choose, prefer
Kun:
えら.ぶえ.るよ.る
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
57 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 選 【セン】 selection, choice, choosing, picking, election
  • 選挙 【センキョ】 election
  • 抽選 【チュウセン】 lottery, raffle, drawing (of lots)
  • 公選 【コウセン】 public election, election by popular vote

Kun reading compounds

  • 選ぶ 【えらぶ】 to choose, to select
  • 選ぶところがない 【えらぶところがない】 being the same thing (as), being indistinguishable (from)
  • 選る 【よる】 to choose, to select
  • 選る 【よる】 to choose, to select

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xuan3
Korean:
seon

Spanish

  • elegir
  • seleccionar

Portuguese

  • eleger
  • selecionar
  • escolher
  • preferir

French

  • élection
  • sélection
  • choisir
  • préférer
449 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
556 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
527 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
105 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4744 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
522 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
967 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2419 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
800 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
814 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
264 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
721 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3931 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2026 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2734 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1822 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39127P Morohashi
3169 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6114 New Nelson (John Haig)
1804 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1944 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
341 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
626 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3561 2001 Kanji
2q12.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-12 SKIP code
3-2-12 SKIP code
3730.8 Four corner code
1-33-10 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9078 Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
traffic, pass through, avenue, commute, counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
80 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通院 【ツウイン】 going to the hospital for regular treatment
  • 疎通 【ソツウ】 (mutual) understanding, communication, passing without obstruction
  • 富士通 【フジツウ】 Fujitsu
  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通院 【ツウイン】 going to the hospital for regular treatment

Kun reading compounds

  • 通る 【とおる】 to go by, to go past, to go along, to travel along, to pass through, to use (a road), to take (a route), to go via, to go by way of, to run (between; of a rail service, bus route, etc.), to operate (between), to connect, to go indoors, to go into a room, to be admitted, to be shown in, to be ushered in, to come in, to penetrate, to pierce, to skewer, to go through, to come through, to permeate, to soak into, to spread throughout, to carry (e.g. of a voice), to reach far, to be passed on (e.g. of a customer's order to the kitchen), to be relayed, to be conveyed, to pass (a test, a bill in the House, etc.), to be approved, to be accepted, to go by (a name), to be known as, to be accepted as, to have a reputation for, to be coherent, to be logical, to be reasonable, to be comprehensible, to be understandable, to make sense, to get across (e.g. of one's point), to be understood, to pass for, to come across as, to seem like, to be straight (e.g. wood grain), to be well-informed, to be wise, to do ... completely, to do ... thoroughly
  • 通り 【とおり】 avenue, street, way, road, coming and going, street traffic, flow (of water, air, etc.), transmission (of sound), reach (e.g. of voice), fame, reputation, popularity, the same status or way, as (e.g. as expected, as I said), understanding, comprehension, counter for sets of things, counter for methods, ways, types
  • 通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】 to go past, to pass, to pass by
  • 通す 【とおす】 to stick through, to force through, to spread throughout, to thoroughly diffuse, to make a path between two points, to proceed in a logical manner, to let pass, to allow through, to lead (someone) into (a house, room, etc.), to show in, to go through (a middleman), to (look, listen) through (a window, wall, etc.), to pass (a law, applicant, etc.), to force to accept, to force agreement, to continue (in a state), to persist in, to do to the entirety of, to cover all of, to span the whole ..., to do from beginning to end without a break, to convey (one's ideas, etc.) to the other party, to do to the end, to carry through, to complete
  • 通し 【とおし】 continuing from beginning to end, continuous run, consecutive run, appetizer, starter, hors d'oeuvre, performance of an entire play
  • 通し切符 【とおしきっぷ】 through ticket (e.g. rail, air), ticket good for multiple performances (e.g. both matinee and evening shows), all-day ticket, season ticket
  • 切通し 【きりどおし】 road (or railway) cut through hilly terrain, cutting
  • 通う 【かよう】 to go to and from (a place), to go back and forth between, to run between (e.g. bus, train, etc.), to ply between, to go to (school, work, etc.), to attend, to commute, to frequent, to circulate (e.g. blood, electricity), to be communicated (e.g. thought), to resemble

Readings

Japanese names:
とん、 どうし、 どおり、 みち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tong1, tong4
Korean:
tong

Spanish

  • atravesar
  • traspasar
  • hacer saber
  • pasar
  • ir y venir

Portuguese

  • tráfego
  • passar através de
  • avenida
  • comutar
  • sufixo para contagem de letras

French

  • circulation
  • passer par
  • avenue
  • trajet (travail)
  • compteur de lettres, notes, ...
281 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
193 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
176 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
71 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4703 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
201 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
261 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1239 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.11 Japanese for Busy People
150 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
204 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
695 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3855 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1982 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2678 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1420 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38892P Morohashi
3109 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6063 New Nelson (John Haig)
1408 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1511 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
97 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
198 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3553 2001 Kanji
2q7.18 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3-2-7 SKIP code
3730.2 Four corner code
1-36-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
901a Unicode hex code

12 strokes (also 11)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
overdo, exceed, go beyond, error
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
285 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 過 【カ】 surplus-, excess-, over-, per- (chemical with more of a certain element than found in other compounds of the same constituents)
  • 過激 【カゲキ】 extreme, radical
  • 看過 【カンカ】 overlooking, turning a blind eye
  • 輸出超過 【ユシュツチョウカ】 excess of exports

Kun reading compounds

  • 過ぎる 【すぎる】 to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond, to pass (of time), to elapse, to have expired, to have ended, to be over, to exceed, to surpass, to be above, to be no more than ..., to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
  • 過ごす 【すごす】 to pass (time), to spend, to overdo (esp. of one's alcohol consumption), to drink (alcohol), to take care of, to support, to overdo, to do too much, to ... without acting on it
  • 過ち 【あやまち】 fault, error, indiscretion, faux pas
  • 過ちて改めざるこれを過ちという 【あやまちてあらためざるこれをあやまちという】 to err and not change one's ways, this is what it is to err
  • 過つ 【あやまつ】 to err
  • 過ぎる 【よぎる】 to go by, to cross, to pass by, to flash across
  • 過ぎる 【よぎる】 to go by, to cross, to pass by, to flash across

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo4, guo1
Korean:
gwa

Spanish

  • pasar
  • extralimitarse
  • exceder
  • fallo
  • error
  • traspasar
  • fallar

Portuguese

  • sobrepujar
  • exceder
  • ir além de
  • erro

French

  • passer
  • dépasser
  • excéder
  • erreur
562 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
659 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
629 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
399 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4723 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
368 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
963 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1804 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
413 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
419 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
284 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
705 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3891 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2003 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2704 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1302 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39002P Morohashi
3137 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6090 New Nelson (John Haig)
1293 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1389 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
230 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
750 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3649 2001 Kanji
2q9.18 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-9 SKIP code
3730.2 Four corner code
1-18-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
904e Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
old 老 (耂)
Parts:
someone, person
Kun:
もの
On:
シャ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
38 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 者 【シャ】 person, -er, expert, geisha, prostitute
  • 芸者 【ゲイシャ】 geisha, professional female entertainer, usu. at traditional banquets
  • 加害者 【カガイシャ】 assailant, perpetrator, wrong-doer, aggressor

Kun reading compounds

  • 者 【もの】 person
  • 者ども 【ものども】 you, people
  • 弱き者 【よわきもの】 weak person, the weak
  • 若い者 【わかいもの】 young man, young woman, young people, youth, youngsters, young employee, young manservant, young follower

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhe3
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • persona

Portuguese

  • alguém
  • pessoa

French

  • personne
  • quelqu'un
235 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
314 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
298 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
22 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3685 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
56 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
240 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
769 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.6 Japanese for Busy People
164 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
164 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
148 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1578 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3980 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2047 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2765 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1264 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28852 Morohashi
3211 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4698 New Nelson (John Haig)
1256 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1345 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
19 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
302 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1478 2001 Kanji
4c4.13 The Kanji Dictionary
3-4-4 SKIP code
4-8-2 SKIP code
2-4-4 SKIP code
4460.0 Four corner code
1-28-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8005 Unicode hex code