Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
leather, rawhide
Parts:
Variants:
shoes
Kun:
くつ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
1561 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 靴帯 【カタイ】 ankle strap (for fastening a shoe)
  • 靴の沓 【カノクツ】 black-lacquered cowhide boots with curved toes, metal buckles, and brocade tops (worn with ceremonial dress)
  • 軍靴 【グンカ】 military shoes, combat boots
  • 製靴 【セイカ】 shoe-making

Kun reading compounds

  • 靴 【くつ】 shoe, shoes, boots, footwear, footgear
  • 靴下 【くつした】 socks, sock, stockings, stocking
  • 胴付長靴 【どうつきながくつ】 waders (waterproof pants often fitted with boots, used mostly by fishermen)
  • 厚底靴 【あつぞこぐつ】 platform shoes, thick-soled shoes

Readings

Chinese:
xue1
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • zapatos

Portuguese

  • sapatos

French

  • chaussure
1052 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1446 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5092 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1907 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1004 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1076 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1124 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
995 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1878 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2235 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1165 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1586 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1912 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42729 Morohashi
1781 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6576 New Nelson (John Haig)
1894 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2042 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1687 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1956 2001 Kanji
3k10.34 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-4 SKIP code
1-8-4 SKIP code
4451.0 Four corner code
4151.0 Four corner code
23-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9774 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 home territory of a powerful figure, Imperial Court, businessman's turf, Shogun's headquarters
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train (going away from Tokyo), down-slope, downward going, southbound
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 descent, downhill, decline, waning
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw (cash), to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
stop
Parts:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 止血 【シケツ】 stopping of bleeding, stanching, hemostasis, haemostasis
  • 止音器 【シオンキ】 (piano) damper
  • 抑止 【ヨクシ】 check, checkmate, stave off, control, restraint, inhibit, deterrent, deterrence
  • 解止 【カイシ】 termination

Kun reading compounds

  • 止まる 【とまる】 to stop (moving), to come to a stop, to stop (doing, working, being supplied), to come to a halt, to cease, to be stopped, to be suspended, to alight, to perch on
  • 止める 【とめる】 to stop, to turn off, to park, to prevent, to suppress (a cough), to hold back (tears), to hold (one's breath), to relieve (pain), to stop (someone from doing something), to dissuade, to forbid, to prohibit, to notice, to be aware of, to concentrate on, to pay attention to, to remember, to bear in mind, to fix (in place), to fasten, to tack, to pin, to nail, to button, to staple, to detain, to keep in custody
  • 留める 【とどめる】 to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to, to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit, to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
  • 止め 【とどめ】 finishing blow, clincher
  • 留める 【とどめる】 to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to, to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit, to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
  • 止まる 【とどまる】 to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place), to be limited to, to be confined to
  • とどまるところを知らない 【とどまるところをしらない】 knowing no bounds, showing no signs of stopping or slowing down
  • 止める 【やめる】 to stop (an activity), to cease, to discontinue, to end, to quit, to cancel, to abandon, to give up, to abolish, to abstain, to refrain
  • 止む 【やむ】 to cease, to stop, to be over
  • やむを得ない 【やむをえない】 cannot be helped, unavoidable
  • 止す 【よす】 to cease, to desist, to cut it out, to lay off (an activity), to drop (a subject) to abolish, to resign, to give up

Readings

Japanese names:
どめ
Chinese:
zhi3
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • parar
  • cesar
  • dejar de hacer
  • detenerse
  • pararse
  • detener

Portuguese

  • parada

French

  • arrêter
  • cesser
220 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
143 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
129 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
400 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2429 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
552 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
202 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
87 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
477 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
485 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
217 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1127 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3659 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1868 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2545 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
376 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16253 Morohashi
2941 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2954 New Nelson (John Haig)
370 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
396 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
415 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
94 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1273 2001 Kanji
2m2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
27-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b62 Unicode hex code