Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
vegetable, side dish, greens
Kun:
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1327 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 菜 【サイ】 side dish
  • 菜園 【サイエン】 vegetable garden
  • 山菜 【サンサイ】 edible wild plants
  • 前菜 【ゼンサイ】 hors d'oeuvre, appetizer, appetiser, starter

Kun reading compounds

  • 菜 【な】 greens, vegetables, rape (Brassica napus), rapeseed
  • 菜種 【なたね】 rapeseed, coleseed
  • 若菜 【わかな】 young greens, young herbs
  • うまい菜 【うまいな】 Swiss chard

Readings

Japanese names:
よう
Chinese:
cai4
Korean:
chae

Spanish

  • verduras
  • entremeses
  • vegetales

Portuguese

  • legume
  • salada
  • verduras

French

  • légume
  • accompagnement (du riz)
401 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
509 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
483 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1108 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3982 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
870 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
246 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1447 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
931 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
958 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
774 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
660 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2880 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1486 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2004 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
742 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31184P Morohashi
2305 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5097 New Nelson (John Haig)
734 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
566 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1964 2001 Kanji
3k8.25 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-8 SKIP code
4490.4 Four corner code
26-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83dc Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
eat, food 食 (飠)
Parts:
eat, food
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
328 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 食 【ショク】 food, foodstuff, eating, appetite, meal
  • 食 【ショク】 eclipse (solar, lunar, etc.)
  • 飽食 【ホウショク】 gluttony, satiation, engorgement
  • 会食 【カイショク】 dining together, mess
  • 食堂 【ジキドウ】 dining hall (at a temple)
  • 食封 【ジキフ】 stipend given to a designated person, such as a noble, and which was paid by a designated household (ritsuryo system)
  • 断食 【ダンジキ】 fasting, fast
  • 斎食 【サイジキ】 morning meal (for priests, monks, etc.), food offering at a Buddhist ceremony

Kun reading compounds

  • 食う 【くう】 to eat, to live, to make a living, to survive, to bite, to sting (as insects do), to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of, to encroach on, to eat into, to consume, to defeat a superior, to threaten a position, to consume time and-or resources, to receive something (usu. an unfavourable event), to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
  • 食うや食わず 【くうやくわず】 (living) from hand to mouth, living on the fringe of subsistance
  • 食らう 【くらう】 to eat, to drink, to wolf, to knock back, to receive (e.g. a blow), to be on the receiving end (of something undesirable), to undergo (trouble)
  • 食べる 【たべる】 to eat, to live on (e.g. a salary), to live off, to subsist on
  • 食む 【はむ】 to eat (fodder, grass, etc.), to receive (a salary), to receive a stipend from one's lord

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐい
Chinese:
shi2, si4
Korean:
sig, sa

Spanish

  • alimento
  • comida
  • eclipse
  • comer

Portuguese

  • comer
  • comida
  • alimento

French

  • manger
  • nourriture
253 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
146 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
269 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5154 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
283 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
99 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1159 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
322 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
322 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
131 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1900 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2578 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1316 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1484 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44014 Morohashi
2075 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6674 New Nelson (John Haig)
1472 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1582 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
207 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
180 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2865 2001 Kanji
8b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
8073.2 Four corner code
31-9 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
98df Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
dot
Parts:
lord, chief, master, main thing, principal
Kun:
ぬしおもあるじ
On:
シュシュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
95 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord (Christian ref. to Jesus or God), the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 主人 【シュジン】 head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady, one's husband, (one's) employer, (one's) master, host, hostess
  • 自主 【ジシュ】 independence, autonomy, self-reliance
  • 盟主 【メイシュ】 leader (of an alliance), leading power
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 法主 【ホッス】 high priest
  • 座主 【ザス】 temple's head priest
  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord (Christian ref. to Jesus or God), the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 主従 【シュウジュウ】 master and servant, lord and retainer, employer and employee

Kun reading compounds

  • 主 【ぬし】 head (of a household, etc.), leader, master, owner, proprietor, proprietress, subject (of a rumour, etc.), doer (of a deed), guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers), long-time resident (or employee, etc.), husband, you
  • 馬主 【うまぬし】 owner of a horse (esp. racehorse), registered owner (of a racehorse)
  • 船主 【せんしゅ】 shipowner
  • 主 【おも】 chief, main, principal, important, main secondary or supporting role (in kyogen)
  • 主に 【おもに】 mainly, primarily
  • 主 【あるじ】 head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady, master (of a servant), entertaining someone as one's guest
  • 女主 【おんなあるじ】 female owner, proprietress, landlady
  • 坊の主 【ぼうのあるじ】 master of the priests quarters

Readings

Japanese names:
かず、 ず、 もん
Chinese:
zhu3
Korean:
ju

Spanish

  • señor
  • jefe
  • dueño
  • patrón

Portuguese

  • senhor
  • chefe
  • mestre
  • coisa principal
  • principal

French

  • maître
  • seigneur
  • chef
  • principal
  • propriétaire
  • mari
237 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
315 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
299 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
91 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
285 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
49 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
106 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
196 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
155 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
155 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
70 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
19 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2437 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1231 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
272 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
100 Morohashi
1938 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
38 New Nelson (John Haig)
266 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
284 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
34 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
252 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
472 2001 Kanji
4f1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-4 SKIP code
4-5-2 SKIP code
2-2-3 SKIP code
0010.4 Four corner code
28-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e3b Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
sheep 羊 (⺶)
Parts:
righteousness, justice, morality, honor, loyalty, meaning
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
415 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 義 【ギ】 morality, righteousness, justice, honour (honor), meaning, teachings, doctrine, nonconsanguineous relationship (i.e. of in-laws), prosthesis
  • 義援金 【ギエンキン】 donation money (esp. disaster relief or charity), contribution
  • 疑義 【ギギ】 doubt
  • 大義 【タイギ】 great cause, moral law, justice

Readings

Japanese names:
ただし、 ちか、 のり、 よし
Chinese:
yi4
Korean:
eui

Spanish

  • moralidad
  • lealtad
  • significado
  • artificial
  • no consanguíneo

Portuguese

  • retidão
  • justiça
  • moralidade
  • honra
  • lealdade
  • significado

French

  • vertu
  • justice
  • moralité
  • honneur
  • loyauté
  • signification
580 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
674 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
645 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
287 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3668 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
244 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1658 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1975 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
291 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
291 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
493 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1568 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2948 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1514 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2052 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
648 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28504 Morohashi
2338 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4668 New Nelson (John Haig)
641 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
691 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
62 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
771 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
959 2001 Kanji
2o11.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-10 SKIP code
2-6-7 SKIP code
2-2-11 SKIP code
8055.3 Four corner code
21-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7fa9 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
old 老 (耂)
Parts:
someone, person
Kun:
もの
On:
シャ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
38 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 者 【シャ】 someone of that nature, someone doing that work
  • 芸者 【ゲイシャ】 geisha, professional female entertainer, usu. at traditional banquets
  • 加害者 【カガイシャ】 assailant, perpetrator, wrong-doer, aggressor

Kun reading compounds

  • 者 【もの】 person
  • 者ども 【ものども】 you, people
  • 弱き者 【よわきもの】 weak person, the weak
  • 若い者 【わかいもの】 young man, young woman, young people, youth, youngsters, young employee, young manservant, young follower

Readings

Chinese:
zhe3
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • persona

Portuguese

  • alguém
  • pessoa

French

  • personne
  • quelqu'un
235 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
314 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
298 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
22 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3685 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
56 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
240 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
769 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.6 Japanese for Busy People
164 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
164 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
148 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1578 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3980 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2047 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2765 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1264 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28852 Morohashi
3211 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4698 New Nelson (John Haig)
1256 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1345 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
19 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
302 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1478 2001 Kanji
4c4.13 The Kanji Dictionary
3-4-4 SKIP code
4-8-2 SKIP code
2-4-4 SKIP code
4460.0 Four corner code
28-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8005 Unicode hex code