Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空域 【クウイキ】 airspace
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace
  • 防空 【ボウクウ】 air defense, air defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • 空模様 【そらもよう】 look of the sky, weather
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 晴れた空 【はれたそら】 clear sky, cloudless sky
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空手 【からて】 karate, empty handed
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Chinese:
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code