Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Variants:
reality, truth, seed, fruit, nut
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
68 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 実 【ジツ】 truth, reality, sincerity, honesty, fidelity, content, substance, (good) result
  • 実演 【ジツエン】 demonstration, presentation, stage show, performance
  • 名実 【メイジツ】 in name and in reality, nominally and virtually, form and contents
  • 内実 【ナイジツ】 the facts, the truth, the true state of affairs, in truth, in fact, in reality, actually
  • 故実 【コジツ】 ancient practices, old customs

Kun reading compounds

  • 実 【み】 fruit, nut, seed, (in broth) pieces of meat, vegetable, etc., content, substance
  • 実り 【みのり】 ripening (of a crop), crop, harvest
  • 浮き実 【うきみ】 soup garnish
  • 桷 【ずみ】 Toringo crabapple (Malus sieboldii)
  • 実る 【みのる】 to bear fruit, to ripen, to produce (good) results, to show results, to bear fruit
  • 実るほど頭の下がる稲穂かな 【みのるほどあたまのさがるいなほかな】 the more learned, the more humble, the boughs bearing the most hang lowest
  • 誠 【まこと】 truth, reality, sincerity, honesty, integrity, fidelity, that's right
  • 実に 【じつに】 indeed, really, absolutely, truly, actually, very, quite
  • 嘘から出たまこと 【うそからでたまこと】 something intended as a lie or joke which (by chance) ends up being true, lie turned truth
  • 実り 【みのり】 ripening (of a crop), crop, harvest
  • 実る 【みのる】 to bear fruit, to ripen, to produce (good) results, to show results, to bear fruit

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐみ、 さね
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi2
Korean:
sil

Spanish

  • realidad
  • verdad
  • fruta
  • nuez
  • semilla
  • contenido
  • buen resultado
  • dar frutos
  • madurar

Portuguese

  • realidade
  • verdade

French

  • réalité
  • vérité
233 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
312 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
296 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
89 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1297 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
233 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
466 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
678 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.20 Japanese for Busy People
203 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
203 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
672 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
470 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2765 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1416 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1911 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1586 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7124 Morohashi
2225 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1324 New Nelson (John Haig)
1572 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1694 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
37 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
301 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
763 2001 Kanji
3m5.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
3053.0 Four corner code
1-28-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b9f Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
head, counter for large animals
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
433 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭角 【トウカク】 top of the head
  • 教頭 【キョウトウ】 deputy head teacher, vice principal
  • 会頭 【カイトウ】 society president
  • 頭 【ズ】 head
  • 頭打ち 【アタマウチ】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 馬頭 【メズ】 horse-headed demon (in hell)
  • 竜頭 【リュウズ】 crown (of a watch), stem, canon (of a bell), something in the shape of a dragon's head (esp. a helmet crest)
  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭角 【トウカク】 top of the head
  • 鳥兜 【トリカブト】 aconite (esp. species Aconitum japonicum), wolfsbane, monkshood, traditional bugaku hat

Kun reading compounds

  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭打ち 【あたまうち】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 石頭 【いしあたま】 obstinate person, stubbornness, pigheadedness, hard head (like a rock)
  • ごま塩頭 【ごましおあたま】 salt and pepper hair, dark hair streaked with gray
  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭文字 【かしらもじ】 first letter of a word, capital letter (at the start of a word or sentence), initials (of one's name)
  • 鯛の尾より鰯の頭 【たいのおよりいわしのかしら】 better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion
  • め組の頭 【めぐみのかしら】 fire brigade chief (in Edo), chief fireman
  • 頭 【こうべ】 head
  • 頭を振る 【かぶりをふる】 to shake one's head (in denial)

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ、 がみ、 ちゃん、 つむり、 づ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tou2, tou5
Korean:
du

Spanish

  • cabeza
  • principio
  • delantera

Portuguese

  • cabeça
  • sufixo para contagem de animais grandes

French

  • tête
  • compteur de gros animaux
294 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
203 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
186 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
386 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4469 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
519 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
275 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2504 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
276 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
276 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
166 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1889 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2019 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1073 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1450 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1453 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43490 Morohashi
1604 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6639 New Nelson (John Haig)
1441 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1549 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
234 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
238 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3061 2001 Kanji
9a7.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-9 SKIP code
1118.6 Four corner code
1-38-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
982d Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending a mountain, descent
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (someone's) side, (someone's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
grain
Parts:
Variants:
rice plant
Kun:
いねいな-
On:
トウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1038 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 稲架 【ハサ】 drying rice on a rack, rack for drying rice
  • 稲熱病 【イモチビョウ】 rice blight, rice blast
  • 水稲 【スイトウ】 wet-land rice
  • 占城稲 【センジョウトウ】 Champa rice
  • 中手 【ナカテ】 mid-season crops, mid-season rice, mid-season vegetables, metacarpus
  • 奥手 【オクテ】 late-growing rice, late-ripening crops, late-blooming flowers, late developer (e.g. child who reaches puberty late), late bloomer

Kun reading compounds

  • 稲 【いね】 rice plant (Oryza sativa)
  • 稲刈り 【いねかり】 rice reaping, rice harvesting
  • 束稲 【つかいね】 sheaf of rice, bundle of rice plants
  • アフリカ稲 【アフリカいね】 African rice (Oryza glaberrima)

Readings

Japanese names:
いの、 しね、 せ、 な
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
dao4
Korean:
do

Spanish

  • planta de arroz

Portuguese

  • planta de arroz

French

  • plant de riz
1656 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
966 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3294 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1293 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1588 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2125 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1220 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1283 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1233 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1443 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1561 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
824 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1129 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
919 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25187P Morohashi
1219 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4158 New Nelson (John Haig)
910 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
976 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1719 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2278 2001 Kanji
5d9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-9 SKIP code
2296.9 Four corner code
2296.3 Four corner code
1-16-80 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a32 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
grain
Parts:
Variants:
ear, ear (grain), head, crest (wave)
Kun:
On:
スイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1656 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 穂状 【スイジョウ】 shaped like an ear of grain
  • 穂状花序 【スイジョウカジョ】 spike (inflorescence)
  • 花穂 【カスイ】 spike
  • 出穂 【シュッスイ】 appearance of ears of grain

Kun reading compounds

  • 穂 【ほ】 ear (of a cereal plant), head, spike, point (of a brush, spear, etc.), tip, (pointed) head, crest (of a wave), scion (in grafting)
  • 穂木 【ほぎ】 twig used in grafting, budwood
  • 花穂 【かすい】 spike
  • 瑞穂 【みずほ】 fresh, young ears of rice

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 こう、 のり、 ほい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
sui4
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • espiga
  • cresta (ola)

Portuguese

  • espiga (grão)
  • penacho (planta)
  • crista (onda)

French

  • épi
  • pointe
  • crête (vague)
1460 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1485 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3300 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1637 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1592 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2308 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1221 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1284 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1856 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1446 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1575 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
833 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1139 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
918 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25236P Morohashi
1232 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4168 New Nelson (John Haig)
909 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
975 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1786 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2258 2001 Kanji
5d10.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-10 SKIP code
2593.6 Four corner code
1-42-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a42 Unicode hex code