Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
grandchild, descendants
Kun:
まご
On:
ソン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1388 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 孫 【ソン】 descendant (usu. of a certain generation), lineage, pedigree, grandchild
  • 孫悟空 【ソンゴクウ】 Sun Wukong (character in the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West), Monkey King, Son Goku (Dragon Ball)
  • 愛孫 【アイソン】 one's beloved grandchild
  • 外孫 【ガイソン】 grandchild from a daughter married into another family

Kun reading compounds

  • 孫 【まご】 grandchild
  • 孫子 【まごこ】 children and grandchildren, posterity, descendants
  • 初孫 【ういまご】 first grandchild
  • 内孫 【ないそん】 child of one's heir

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
sun1
Korean:
son

Spanish

  • nieto
  • descendientes

Portuguese

  • neto
  • descendentes

French

  • petits-enfants
  • descendants
458 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
565 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
538 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1356 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1273 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
644 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
457 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1540 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
910 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
932 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
448 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
463 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
492 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
305 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
370 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1405 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6987 Morohashi
410 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1296 New Nelson (John Haig)
1393 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1494 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
551 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3541 2001 Kanji
2c7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
1-2-7 SKIP code
1249.3 Four corner code
1-34-25 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b6b Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
script, literature
Parts:
sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan, literary radical (no. 67)
Kun:
ふみあや
On:
ブンモン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
190 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 文 【ブン】 sentence, composition, text, writings, the literary arts (as opposed to the military arts), academia, literature, statement
  • 文化 【ブンカ】 culture, civilization, civilisation, Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
  • 公文 【コウブン】 official document, archives
  • 異文 【イブン】 variant (in a manuscript or book), part of a text that differs from other versions
  • 文 【モン】 mon, one-thousandth of a kan (unit of currency 1336-1870), mon, traditional unit used for shoe and sock sizes (approx. 2.4 cm), letter, character, sentence, scripture, incantation
  • 紋 【モン】 (family) crest, coat of arms, pattern, figure, playing card suit (in karuta)
  • 人文 【ジンブン】 humanity, civilization, civilisation, culture
  • 縄文 【ジョウモン】 straw-rope pattern pressed into earthenware, Jōmon period (ca. 14000-1000 BCE)

Kun reading compounds

  • 文 【ふみ】 letter, note, mail, book, writings, literary arts, learning, scholarship
  • 文香 【ふみこう】 scented insert (to enclose with a letter), perfumed insert
  • 御文 【おふみ】 Gobunsho (The Epistles, a collection of letters written by Rennyo)
  • 雁の文 【かりのふみ】 (a) letter
  • 綾 【あや】 figure, design, twill weave, pattern of diagonal stripes, style (of writing), figure (of speech), design, plot, plan, minor market fluctuation, technical correction, cat's cradle, lease rod (in a loom)
  • 文つける 【あやつける】 to make a false accusation, to invent a pretext for a quarrel
  • 言葉は身の文 【ことばはみのあや】 words betray one's character

Readings

Japanese names:
かざり、 ふ、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wen2, wen4
Korean:
mun

Spanish

  • letras
  • literatura

Portuguese

  • sentença
  • literatura
  • estilo
  • arte
  • decoração
  • figuras
  • plano

French

  • phrase
  • littérature
  • style
  • art
  • décoration
  • figure (de style)
  • plan
  • radical littéraire (no. 67)
134 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
77 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
68 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
136 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2064 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
71 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
180 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
86 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
111 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
949 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2458 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1708 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1741 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13450 Morohashi
1962 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2364 New Nelson (John Haig)
1725 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1861 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
89 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
35 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
2j2.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
0040.0 Four corner code
1-42-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6587 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
dot
Parts:
lord, chief, master, main thing, principal
Kun:
ぬしおもあるじ
On:
シュシュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
95 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord, the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 首位 【シュイ】 first place, head position, leading position
  • 自主 【ジシュ】 independence, autonomy, self-reliance
  • 盟主 【メイシュ】 leader (of an alliance), leading power
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 法主 【ホッス】 high priest
  • 座主 【ザス】 temple's head priest
  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord, the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 主従 【シュウジュウ】 master and servant, lord and retainer, employer and employee

Kun reading compounds

  • 主 【ぬし】 head (of a household, etc.), leader, master, owner, proprietor, proprietress, subject (of a rumour, etc.), doer (of a deed), guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers), long-time resident (or employee, etc.), husband, you
  • 馬主 【うまぬし】 owner of a horse (esp. racehorse), registered owner (of a racehorse)
  • 船主 【せんしゅ】 shipowner
  • 主 【おも】 chief, main, principal, important, main secondary or supporting role (in kyogen)
  • 主に 【おもに】 mainly, primarily, mostly, largely, chiefly
  • 主 【あるじ】 head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady, master (of a servant), entertaining someone as one's guest
  • 女主 【おんなあるじ】 female owner, proprietress, landlady
  • 坊の主 【ぼうのあるじ】 master of the priests quarters

Readings

Japanese names:
かず、 ず、 もん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhu3
Korean:
ju

Spanish

  • señor
  • jefe
  • dueño
  • patrón

Portuguese

  • senhor
  • chefe
  • mestre
  • coisa principal
  • principal

French

  • maître
  • seigneur
  • chef
  • principal
  • propriétaire
  • mari
237 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
315 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
299 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
91 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
285 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
49 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
106 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
196 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
155 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
155 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
70 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
19 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2437 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1231 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
272 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
100 Morohashi
1938 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
38 New Nelson (John Haig)
266 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
284 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
34 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
252 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
472 2001 Kanji
4f1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-4 SKIP code
4-5-2 SKIP code
2-2-3 SKIP code
0010.4 Four corner code
1-28-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e3b Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
sheep 羊 (⺶)
Parts:
righteousness, justice, morality, honor, loyalty, meaning
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
415 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 義 【ギ】 morality, righteousness, justice, honour (honor), meaning, teachings, doctrine, nonconsanguineous relationship (i.e. of in-laws), prosthesis
  • 義援金 【ギエンキン】 donation money (esp. disaster relief or charity), contribution
  • 疑義 【ギギ】 doubt
  • 大義 【タイギ】 great cause, moral law, justice

Readings

Japanese names:
ただし、 ちか、 のり、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yi4
Korean:
eui

Spanish

  • moralidad
  • lealtad
  • significado
  • artificial
  • no consanguíneo

Portuguese

  • retidão
  • justiça
  • moralidade
  • honra
  • lealdade
  • significado

French

  • vertu
  • justice
  • moralité
  • honneur
  • loyauté
  • signification
580 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
674 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
645 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
287 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3668 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
244 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1658 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1975 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
291 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
291 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
493 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1568 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2948 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1514 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2052 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
648 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28504 Morohashi
2338 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4668 New Nelson (John Haig)
641 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
691 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
62 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
771 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
959 2001 Kanji
2o11.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-10 SKIP code
2-6-7 SKIP code
2-2-11 SKIP code
8055.3 Four corner code
1-21-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7fa9 Unicode hex code