4 strokes
script, literature
sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan, literary radical (no. 67)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
190 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 文 【ブン】 sentence, composition, text, writings, the literary arts (as opposed to the military arts), academia, literature, statement
  • 文化 【ブンカ】 culture, civilization, civilisation, Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
  • 公文 【コウブン】 official document, archives
  • 異文 【イブン】 variant (in a manuscript or book), part of a text that differs from other versions
  • 紋 【モン】 (family) crest, coat of arms, pattern, figure, playing card suit (in karuta)
  • 文 【モン】 mon, one-thousandth of a kan (unit of currency 1336-1870), mon, traditional unit used for shoe and sock sizes (approx. 2.4 cm), letter, character, sentence, scripture, incantation
  • 人文 【ジンブン】 humanity, civilization, civilisation, culture
  • 縄文 【ジョウモン】 straw-rope pattern pressed into earthenware, Jōmon period (ca. 14000-1000 BCE)

Kun reading compounds

  • 文 【ふみ】 letter, note, mail, book, writings, literary arts, learning, scholarship
  • 文香 【ふみこう】 scented insert (to enclose with a letter), perfumed insert
  • 御文 【おふみ】 Gobunsho (The Epistles, a collection of letters written by Rennyo)
  • 雁の文 【かりのふみ】 (a) letter
  • 綾 【あや】 figure, design, twill weave, pattern of diagonal stripes, style (of writing), figure (of speech), design, plot, plan, minor market fluctuation, technical correction, cat's cradle, lease rod (in a loom)
  • 文つける 【あやつける】 to make a false accusation, to invent a pretext for a quarrel
  • 言葉は身の文 【ことばはみのあや】 words betray one's character


Japanese names:
かざり、 ふ、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wen2, wen4


  • letras
  • literatura


  • sentença
  • literatura
  • estilo
  • arte
  • decoração
  • figuras
  • plano


  • phrase
  • littérature
  • style
  • art
  • décoration
  • figure (de style)
  • plan
  • radical littéraire (no. 67)
134 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
77 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
68 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
136 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2064 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
71 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
180 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
86 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
111 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
949 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2458 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1708 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1741 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13450 Morohashi
1962 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2364 New Nelson (John Haig)
1725 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1861 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
89 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
35 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
2j2.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
0040.0 Four corner code
1-42-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6587 Unicode hex code