Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
woman, female
Kun:
おんな
On:
ジョニョニョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
151 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 女 【ジョ】 woman, girl, daughter, Chinese "Girl" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
  • 女王 【ジョオウ】 queen
  • 処女 【ショジョ】 virgin, maiden
  • 一女 【イチジョ】 one daughter, eldest daughter, first-born daughter
  • 女性 【ジョセイ】 woman, female, feminine gender
  • 女房 【ニョウボウ】 wife (esp. one's own wife), court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace, woman (esp. as a love interest)
  • 老若男女 【ロウニャクナンニョ】 men and women of all ages
  • 天女 【テンニョ】 heavenly nymph, celestial maiden
  • 女房 【ニョウボウ】 wife (esp. one's own wife), court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace, woman (esp. as a love interest)
  • 女官 【ジョカン】 court lady, lady-in-waiting

Kun reading compounds

  • 女 【おんな】 female, woman, female sex, female lover, girlfriend, mistress, (someone's) woman
  • 女形 【おんながた】 onnagata, male actor in female kabuki roles
  • 醜女 【しゅうじょ】 homely woman, plain-looking woman, female demon
  • 囲い女 【かこいおんな】 mistress
  • 雌 【め】 female, smaller (of the two), weaker, woman, wife
  • 女神 【めがみ】 goddess, female deity
  • 早乙女 【さおとめ】 young female rice planter, young girl
  • 醜女 【しゅうじょ】 homely woman, plain-looking woman, female demon

Readings

Japanese names:
おな、 た、 つき、 な
Chinese:
nu:3, ru3
Korean:
nyeo, yeo

Spanish

  • femenino
  • mujer

Portuguese

  • mulher
  • fêmea

French

  • femme
  • féminin
32 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
41 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
35 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
178 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1185 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
62 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
42 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
114 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
102 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
102 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
68 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
423 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4226 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2884 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
99 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6036 Morohashi
3418 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1173 New Nelson (John Haig)
98 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
102 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
60 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
19 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1769 2001 Kanji
3e0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4040.0 Four corner code
29-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5973 Unicode hex code

17 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
tenderness, excel, surpass, actor, superiority, gentleness
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
334 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 優 【ユウ】 gentle, elegant, classy, superior, skilled, excellent (in marking, grading, etc.), actor
  • 優位 【ユウイ】 predominance, superiority, ascendancy, advantage, supremacy
  • 声優 【セイユウ】 voice actor or actress (radio, animation, etc.)
  • 舞台俳優 【ブタイハイユウ】 stage actor, stage actress
  • 優曇華 【ウドンゲ】 udumbara (mythical Indian plant often identified with the cluster fig, Ficus glomerata), something very rare (from the legend that it flowers once in 3000 years), Japanese fiber banana flower, green lacewing eggs
  • 優婆夷 【ウバイ】 upasika (devout female lay follower of Buddhism)
  • 声優 【セイユウ】 voice actor or actress (radio, animation, etc.)
  • 舞台俳優 【ブタイハイユウ】 stage actor, stage actress

Kun reading compounds

  • 優しい 【やさしい】 tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable
  • 優しい声 【やさしいこえ】 soft voice
  • 優れる 【すぐれる】 to surpass, to outstrip, to excel
  • 勝る 【まさる】 to excel, to surpass, to exceed, to have an edge, to be superior, to outrival, to outweigh, to preponderate
  • 優るとも劣らない 【まさるともおとらない】 not at all inferior to, rival or surpass, compare favorably (with)

Readings

Japanese names:
ゆ、 よし
Chinese:
you1
Korean:
u

Spanish

  • excelente
  • sobresaliente
  • especial
  • papel
  • función
  • elegante
  • tierno
  • amable
  • cariñoso
  • sobrepasar
  • dejar atrás
  • sobresalir

Portuguese

  • ternura
  • superar
  • superação
  • ator
  • superioridade
  • gentileza

French

  • tendresse
  • gentillesse
  • exceller
  • surpasser
  • supériorité
  • acteur
995 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
984 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
453 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
564 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1148 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
336 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2599 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1033 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1074 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1168 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
140 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
200 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
130 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
156 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1002 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1261 Morohashi
177 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
334 New Nelson (John Haig)
993 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1068 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1000 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2167 2001 Kanji
2a15.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-15 SKIP code
2124.7 Four corner code
45-5 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
512a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
bristle, beard
Parts:
ought, by all means, necessarily
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1339 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 須恵器 【スエキ】 Sue ware (type of unglazed pottery made from the middle of the Kofun era through the Heian era)
  • 須義 【スギ】 cobia (Rachycentron canadum), sergeant fish
  • 恵比寿 【エビス】 Ebisu, god of fishing and commerce
  • 提宇子 【ダイウス】 God
  • 須髯 【シュゼン】 beard
  • 須弥山 【シュミセン】 Mt Sumeru (in Buddhism - said to be the highest mountain rising in the center of the world) (centre)

Kun reading compounds

  • 須らく 【すべからく】 by all means, in all cases, ought to do

Readings

Japanese names:
もとむ、 ぞ
Chinese:
xu1
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • instante
  • desear
  • anhelar
  • esperar

Portuguese

French

  • nécessité
  • certainement
  • devrait faire
936 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1592 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1946 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1544 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2263 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1531 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
700 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
526 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1734 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43352 Morohashi
574 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6618 New Nelson (John Haig)
1718 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1854 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
3j9.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
2128.6 Four corner code
31-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9808 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
广
grind, polish, scour, improve, brush (teeth)
Kun:
みが.くす.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1608 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 摩耗 【マモウ】 wear, abrasion
  • 磨羯宮 【マカツキュウ】 Capricorn (10th zodiacal sign), the Goat
  • 琢磨 【タクマ】 polish (jewels), cultivation
  • 達磨 【ダルマ】 daruma, tumbling doll, round, red-painted good-luck doll in the shape of Bodhidharma, with a blank eye to be completed when a person's wish is granted, Bodhidharma, prostitute

Kun reading compounds

  • 磨く 【みがく】 to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth), to grind (e.g. lens), to refine (e.g. a skill), to improve, to cultivate
  • 擦る 【する】 to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass), to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
おさむ
Chinese:
mo2, mo4
Korean:
ma

Spanish

  • pulido
  • abrillantado
  • pulir
  • abrillantar
  • lavarse los dientes

Portuguese

  • moer
  • polir
  • explorar
  • melhorar
  • escovar (dentes)

French

  • polir
  • moudre
  • récurer
  • améliorer
  • brosser (dents)
1831 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1376 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5393 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1985 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
768 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2596 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1531 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1632 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1731 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1410 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3946 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2033 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2744 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
601 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24449P Morohashi
3181 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4045 New Nelson (John Haig)
594 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
638 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1840 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
577 2001 Kanji
3q13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-13 SKIP code
3-11-5 SKIP code
0026.1 Four corner code
43-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
78e8 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
-こ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
72 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 子 【シ】 child (esp. a boy), viscount, founder of a school of thought (esp. Confucius), master, masters and philosophers (categorization of Chinese classical literature), you, -er (i.e. man who spends all his time doing...)
  • 子宮 【シキュウ】 womb, uterus
  • 中性子 【チュウセイシ】 neutron
  • 精子 【セイシ】 sperm
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 金子 【キンス】 money, funds
  • 恵比寿 【エビス】 Ebisu, god of fishing and commerce
  • 対子 【トイツ】 pair, eyes
  • 七対子 【チートイツ】 seven pairs, winning hand composed of seven pairs

Kun reading compounds

  • 子 【こ】 child, young (animal), young woman, young geisha, offshoot, interest, new shares, player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.), bird egg, -er (often of young women)
  • 子 【こう】 child, interest
  • 根っこ 【ねっこ】 root (of a plant), stump (of a tree), root (of a problem, etc.), base, foundation, origin, source
  • 江戸っ子 【えどっこ】 true Tokyoite, person born and raised in Edo
  • 子 【ね】 first sign of the Chinese zodiac (The Rat, 11pm-1am, north, November)
  • 子忌み 【ねいみ】 collecting herbs and pulling out young pine trees by the roots (annual event held on the first Day of the Rat of the New Year)
  • 甲子 【きのえね】 first of the sexagenary cycle
  • 庚子 【かのえね】 thirty-seventh of the sexagenary cycle

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 き、 ぎ、 く、 け、 ねっ
Chinese:
zi3, zi2, zi5
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • chiquillo
  • niño

Portuguese

  • criança

French

  • enfant
  • signe de la 1ère branche terrestre
  • signe du Rat (zodiaque)
  • 23 h à 01 h
  • Nord (0°)
31 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
40 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
25 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
56 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1264 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
61 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
43 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
38 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
103 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
103 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
69 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
455 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4196 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2125 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2872 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
96 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6930 Morohashi
3390 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1281 New Nelson (John Haig)
95 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
99 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
42 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
18 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3547 2001 Kanji
2c0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
4-2-1 SKIP code
1740.7 Four corner code
27-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b50 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
romance, in love, yearn for, miss, darling
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1296 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 恋愛 【レンアイ】 love, love-making, passion, emotion, affections
  • 恋歌 【コイウタ】 love song, love poem, mating call (animals)
  • 悲恋 【ヒレン】 blighted love, disappointed love
  • 破恋 【ハレン】 disappointed love, broken heart, unrequited love, being lovelorn

Kun reading compounds

  • 恋う 【こう】 to love
  • 恋 【こい】 (romantic) love
  • 恋人 【こいびと】 lover, sweetheart, boyfriend, girlfriend
  • 片恋 【かたこい】 unrequited love, one-sided love
  • ガチ恋 【ガチこい】 falling in love with an idol, fans who are in love with an idol, etc.
  • 恋しい 【こいしい】 yearned for, longed for, missed

Readings

Chinese:
lian4
Korean:
ryeon

Spanish

  • romance
  • amor
  • enamoramiento
  • enamorado
  • querido
  • enamorarse

Portuguese

  • romance
  • apaixonar-se
  • sentir saudades
  • sentir falta

French

  • chérir
  • amour
  • idylle
  • languir
  • manquer
1931 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1123 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
313 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1012 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
536 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1223 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
258 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
258 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1078 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
784 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2602 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1331 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1804 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1764 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10537 Morohashi
2098 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1852 New Nelson (John Haig)
1748 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1885 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1333 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
458 2001 Kanji
2j8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-8 SKIP code
2-6-4 SKIP code
0033.3 Four corner code
46-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
604b Unicode hex code