Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
history, chronicle
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
511 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 史 【シ】 history
  • 史家 【シカ】 historian
  • 通史 【ツウシ】 overview of history
  • 正史 【セイシ】 official history, authorized history

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あや、 お、 こ、 ちか、 とし、 なか、 のぶ、 ひさ、 ひと、 ふみ
Chinese:
shi3
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • historia
  • crónica

Portuguese

  • história
  • crônica

French

  • histoire
  • chronique
411 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
523 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
496 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
563 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
91 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
81 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
398 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
183 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
332 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
332 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
705 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
317 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4324 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2188 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2946 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
699 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3249 Morohashi
3510 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
697 New Nelson (John Haig)
692 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
747 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
300 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
450 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1666 2001 Kanji
0a5.38 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-4 SKIP code
5004.6 Four corner code
5000.6 Four corner code
27-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53f2 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 雲上 【ウンジョウ】 above the clouds, the heavens
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity (esp. during Edo period), Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former, northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
death, decay 歹 (歺)
Parts:
Variants:
remainder, leftover, balance
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
380 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 残 【ザン】 remaining, left-over, excess
  • 残虐 【ザンギャク】 cruel, brutal, savage, barbarous
  • 敗残 【ハイザン】 survival after defeat, decline (of a person, business, etc.), ruin
  • 遺残 【イザン】 persistence, vestigial remnant

Kun reading compounds

  • 残る 【のこる】 to remain, to be left
  • 残す 【のこす】 to leave (behind, over), to bequeath, to save, to reserve
  • 残り 【のこり】 remnant, residue, remaining, left-over
  • 残り惜しい 【のこりおしい】 regrettable, reluctant

Readings

Chinese:
can2
Korean:
jan

Spanish

  • resto
  • balance
  • quedar
  • dejar

Portuguese

  • restante
  • restos
  • balança

French

  • reste
  • solde (compte)
409 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
520 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
493 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
492 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2445 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
315 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
655 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
650 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
661 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
223 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1134 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1179 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
640 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
851 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
816 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16459 Morohashi
943 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2976 New Nelson (John Haig)
808 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
871 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
382 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
546 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3159 2001 Kanji
0a10.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-6 SKIP code
1325.0 Four corner code
27-36 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b8b Unicode hex code