Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
open country
Parts:
inside, within, between, among, house, home
Kun:
うち
On:
ナイダイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
44 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 内 【ナイ】 inside, within
  • 内科 【ナイカ】 internal medicine, i.e. treatment by medical procedures rather than surgical procedures, department of internal medicine (hospital, etc.)
  • 島内 【トウナイ】 on an island, on-island
  • 校内 【コウナイ】 within a school
  • 内裏 【ダイリ】 imperial palace, festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress
  • 内府 【ナイフ】 Minister of the Interior (669-1868 CE), Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal (1885-1945 CE)
  • 境内 【ケイダイ】 grounds (esp. of shrines and temples), compound, churchyard, precincts
  • 海内 【カイダイ】 the whole country

Kun reading compounds

  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 内々 【うちうち】 private, confidential, informal, secret, (within the) family circle, (on the) inside
  • 幕内 【まくうち】 highest-ranking division
  • 幕の内 【まくのうち】 box lunch (containing rice and 10-15 small portions of fish, meat, and vegetables), highest-ranking division, intermission (between acts), interlude

Readings

Japanese names:
いと、 ただ、 ち、 のち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nei4
Korean:
nae, nab

Spanish

  • interior
  • dentro de
  • privado

Portuguese

  • interior
  • dentro
  • entre
  • dentre
  • casa

French

  • intérieur
  • dedans
  • entre
  • parmi
  • maison
489 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
207 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
364 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
51 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
82 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
132 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
345 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
81 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
84 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
84 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
152 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
160 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4277 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2162 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2914 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1028 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1512 Morohashi
3466 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
386 New Nelson (John Haig)
1019 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1095 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
77 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
99 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1653 2001 Kanji
0a4.23 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-4 SKIP code
4022.7 Four corner code
1-38-66 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5185 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
side, lean, oppose, regret
Kun:
かわがわそば
On:
ソク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
216 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 側 【ソク】 first principle of the Eight Principles of Yong, tiny dash or speck
  • 側 【ソバ】 near, close, beside, vicinity, proximity, besides, while, third person
  • 最外側 【サイガイソク】 outermost (side)
  • 体側 【タイソク】 side of a body

Kun reading compounds

  • 側 【がわ】 side (of something, or taking someone's side), part, (watch) case
  • 側板 【がわいた】 stringer, slanted staircase beam, side plate, side panel, side sheet
  • 裏っかわ 【うらっかわ】 the reverse, other side, lining
  • 上っ側 【うわっかわ】 upper side, surface
  • 側 【がわ】 side (of something, or taking someone's side), part, (watch) case
  • 側板 【がわいた】 stringer, slanted staircase beam, side plate, side panel, side sheet
  • 縁側 【えんがわ】 engawa, external corridor on the outer side of traditional Japanese houses, bone at the base of a fin, meat at the base of a fin (esp. of a flatfish)
  • 体制側 【たいせいがわ】 the establishment
  • 側 【そば】 near, close, beside, vicinity, proximity, besides, while, third person
  • 側泳 【そばえい】 side stroke
  • お側 【おそば】 near, close, beside, vicinity, proximity, besides, while, attendant, retainer, vassal

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ce4, ze4
Korean:
cheug

Spanish

  • lado
  • fila

Portuguese

  • lado
  • inclinação
  • opõe
  • pesar

French

  • côté
  • pencher
  • opposer
  • regretter
667 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
562 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
535 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
240 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
509 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
538 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
330 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
3.12 Japanese for Busy People
609 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
619 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
809 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
119 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
155 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
105 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
120 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
984 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
897 Morohashi
137 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
275 New Nelson (John Haig)
975 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1049 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
280 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
571 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2143 2001 Kanji
2a9.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-9 SKIP code
2220.0 Four corner code
1-34-6 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5074 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 last (i.e. immediately preceding), previous, ex-, former, pre- (e.g. premodern), before, before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 in front (of), before (e.g. a building), before, earlier, previously, prior, ago, (minutes) to (the hour), (the) front, frontal part, fore, head (e.g. of a line), forward, ahead, (in the) presence (of), in front (of someone), previous (e.g. page), prior (e.g. engagement), first (e.g. half), former (e.g. example), portion, helping, front (of one's body or clothing), breast (of a coat, kimono, etc.), privates, private parts, criminal record, previous conviction, (a) prior
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation, front left, front and left, before and left
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
1-33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
meat 肉 (⺼)
Parts:
Variants:
brain, memory
Kun:
のうずる
On:
ノウドウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
459 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 脳 【ノウ】 brain, brains, mind
  • 脳死 【ノウシ】 brain death
  • 大脳 【ダイノウ】 cerebrum
  • 洗脳 【センノウ】 brainwashing

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nao3
Korean:
noe

Spanish

  • cerebro
  • sesos
  • intelecto

Portuguese

  • cérebro
  • memória

French

  • cerveau
  • mémoire
964 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
954 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
621 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3774 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
927 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
849 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1278 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1352 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1109 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1036 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1227 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
665 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
888 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1953 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
29567P Morohashi
975 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4821 New Nelson (John Haig)
1934 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2084 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
930 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3975 2001 Kanji
4b7.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
7927.2 Four corner code
7227.2 Four corner code
1-39-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8133 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
918 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 束 【ソク】 lattice, counter for large bundles (e.g. 10 sheafs of rice, 200 sheets of calligraphy paper, 20 whistling arrows, 100 fish), handbreadth (unit for measuring the length of arrows)
  • 束縛 【ソクバク】 restraint, restriction, fetters, yoke, shackles, binding, confinement with rope
  • 結束 【ケッソク】 union, unity, solidarity, bundling, binding, tying, putting on (clothes, armour, etc.)
  • 口約束 【クチヤクソク】 verbal promise, one's word

Kun reading compounds

  • 束 【たば】 bundle, bunch, sheaf
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 鍵束 【かぎたば】 bunch of keys
  • 麦束 【むぎたば】 wheat sheaf, stacked wheat
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 束 【つか】 strut, short vertical post, thickness (of a book minus the cover, a sheaf of paper, etc.), handbreadth, bundle
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 不束 【ふつつか】 inexperienced, incompetent, inept, incapable, careless
  • 矢束 【やつか】 arrow length, bundle of arrows
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shu4
Korean:
sog

Spanish

  • manojo
  • legajo (papeles)
  • haz (leños)
  • gavilla
  • racimo
  • bobina

Portuguese

  • pacote
  • molho
  • feixe
  • amarra em pacotes
  • governar
  • administrar

French

  • fagot
  • gerbe
  • bouquet
  • promesse
  • mettre en liasse
  • rame (papier)
  • gouverner
  • diriger
  • contrôler
561 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
1535 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
998 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
196 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1126 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
620 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
536 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
501 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
510 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
382 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1051 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4369 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2214 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2978 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1680 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14480 Morohashi
3554 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2559 New Nelson (John Haig)
1664 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
486 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1564 2001 Kanji
0a7.8 The Kanji Dictionary
4-7-3 SKIP code
5090.6 Four corner code
1-34-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
675f Unicode hex code