Jisho

×

14 strokes
Radical:
long hair
Parts:
Variants:
hair of the head
Kun:
かみ
On:
ハツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
1474 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 髪 【ハツ】 hair (on the head), tresses, locks
  • 理髪 【リハツ】 haircut
  • 毛髪 【モウハツ】 hair

Kun reading compounds

  • 髪 【かみ】 hair (on the head)
  • 髪型 【かみがた】 hair style, coiffure, hairdo
  • 黒髪 【くろかみ】 black hair
  • 波打つ髪 【なみうつかみ】 wavy hair

Readings

Japanese names:
がた、 ひげ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fa4
Korean:
bal

Spanish

  • pelo
  • cabello

Portuguese

  • cabelo da cabeça

French

  • cheveux
1706 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1344 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5255 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1224 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1018 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1148 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1201 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1359 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1925 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3528 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1821 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2477 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1943 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
45387P Morohashi
2846 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6804 New Nelson (John Haig)
1924 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2074 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1745 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3467 2001 Kanji
3j11.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-10-4 SKIP code
7244.7 Four corner code
1-40-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9aea Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, from the viewpoint of, with respect to, in terms of, as a matter of, in view of, so far as ... is concerned, on, above, on top of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), the best, top, first class, first grade, first volume (of a two or three-volume set), first book, with my compliments
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 呈上 【テイジョウ】 giving, gifting, presenting
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, over, up, top, summit, upper part, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, on (top of), the above (in a piece of writing), earlier part, superior, better, higher (position, rank, etc.), upper (class), elder, older, senior, with respect to ..., in terms of, as far as ... is concerned, when (e.g. drunk), besides ..., in addition to ..., on top of ..., as well as ..., after ..., upon ..., on ..., with (e.g. full awareness), as a result of ..., since ..., now that ..., because ..., honorable, venerable, dear, emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上期 【かみき】 first half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, to stop (of rain), to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, finishing (in a board or card game, etc.), green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo), upstream, uphill
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 going up and down, ascent and descent, climb and descent
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code