8 strokes
long, grow 長 (镸)
long, leader, superior, senior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
12 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 長 【チョウ】 head, chief, leader, elder, merit, strong point, superiority, major
  • 長官 【チョウカン】 secretary (government), director, chief
  • 体長 【タイチョウ】 length (of an animal), body length
  • 医長 【イチョウ】 medical director, chief physician

Kun reading compounds

  • 長い 【ながい】 long (distance, length), long (time), protracted, prolonged
  • 長居 【ながい】 long visit, overstaying
  • 長 【おさ】 head, chief, leader, the greatest (of all the ...)
  • 長亀 【おさがめ】 leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
  • 田長 【たおさ】 master of the rice field, chief farmer, lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 死出田長 【しでたおさ】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)


Japanese names:
お、 おしゃ、 たかし、 たけ、 な、 は、 ひさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chang2, zhang3


  • largo
  • jefe
  • sobresaliente


  • Longo
  • ambicionar
  • líder
  • chefe


  • long
  • chef
116 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
189 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
173 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
25 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4938 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
155 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
95 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
939 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
95 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
95 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
89 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1837 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3163 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1626 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2212 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1939 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41100 Morohashi
2556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6379 New Nelson (John Haig)
1920 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2070 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
90 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
161 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3465 2001 Kanji
0a8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
4-8-1 SKIP code
7173.2 Four corner code
1-36-25 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9577 Unicode hex code