Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
fall, drop, come down, village, hamlet
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
420 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 落第 【ラクダイ】 failure (in an examination), failing to advance (to the next year), falling short of the standard, not making the grade
  • 落ち葉 【オチバ】 fallen leaves, leaf litter, falling leaves, leaf fall, dropping leaves, defoliation, deciduous
  • 転落 【テンラク】 fall, tumble, spill, plunge, dive, fall (in position, standing, etc.), downfall, descent, degradation, comedown, demotion
  • 墜落 【ツイラク】 fall, crash (e.g. aircraft)

Kun reading compounds

  • 落ちる 【おちる】 to fall down, to drop, to fall (e.g. rain), to sink (e.g. sun or moon), to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze), to be used in a certain place (e.g. money), to be omitted, to be missing, to decrease, to sink, to fail (e.g. exam or class), to lose (contest, election, etc.), to crash, to degenerate, to degrade, to fall behind, to become indecent (of a conversation), to be ruined, to go under, to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain), to come off (e.g. makeup), to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list), to fall (into someone's hands), to become someone's possession, to fall (into a trap), to fall (for a trick), to give in, to give up, to confess, to flee, to fall, to be defeated, to surrender, to come to (in the end), to end in, to fall (in love, asleep, etc.), to swoon (judo), to consent, to understand, to go down (of a website, server, etc.), to crash, to log out (of an online game, chat room, etc.), to drop out, to leave, to go offline, to die, to move to the depths
  • 落ち 【おち】 slip, omission, upshot, denouement, outcome, final result, punch line (of a joke)
  • 落ちる 【おちる】 to fall down, to drop, to fall (e.g. rain), to sink (e.g. sun or moon), to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze), to be used in a certain place (e.g. money), to be omitted, to be missing, to decrease, to sink, to fail (e.g. exam or class), to lose (contest, election, etc.), to crash, to degenerate, to degrade, to fall behind, to become indecent (of a conversation), to be ruined, to go under, to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain), to come off (e.g. makeup), to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list), to fall (into someone's hands), to become someone's possession, to fall (into a trap), to fall (for a trick), to give in, to give up, to confess, to flee, to fall, to be defeated, to surrender, to come to (in the end), to end in, to fall (in love, asleep, etc.), to swoon (judo), to consent, to understand, to go down (of a website, server, etc.), to crash, to log out (of an online game, chat room, etc.), to drop out, to leave, to go offline, to die, to move to the depths
  • 付け落ち 【つけおち】 omission in a bill
  • 鳩尾 【みぞおち】 pit of the stomach, solar plexus, place where water falls
  • 落とす 【おとす】 to drop, to lose, to let fall, to shed (light), to cast (one's gaze), to pour in (liquid), to leave behind, to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains or facial hair), to lose, to spend money at a certain place, to omit, to leave out, to secretly let escape, to lose (a match), to reject (an applicant), to fail (a course), to defeat (in an election), to lower (e.g. shoulders or voice), to lessen (e.g. production or body weight), to worsen (quality), to reduce (e.g. rank or popularity), to speak badly of, to make light of, to fall into straitened circumstances, to fall into (e.g. a dilemma or sin), to make one's own, to have one's bid accepted, to force surrender, to take (e.g. an enemy camp or castle), to forcefully convince, to press for a confession, to deal with, to download, to copy from a computer to another medium, to make someone swoon (judo), to finish a story (e.g. with the punch line), to finish (a period, e.g. of fasting), to win over, to seduce, to conquer (unwillingness)

Readings

Japanese names:
おち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
luo4, la4, lao4
Korean:
rag

Spanish

  • caer
  • ser inferior
  • ser omitido
  • suspender
  • caerse
  • dejar caer
  • perder

Portuguese

  • cair
  • gotejar
  • descer

French

  • tomber
  • chute
  • perdre
330 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
431 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
408 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
393 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4003 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
557 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
869 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1733 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
839 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
858 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
280 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
664 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2907 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1494 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2019 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31362P Morohashi
2318 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5130 New Nelson (John Haig)
299 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
320 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
327 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
414 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1977 2001 Kanji
3k9.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-9 SKIP code
4416.4 Four corner code
1-45-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
843d Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 低下 【テイカ】 fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
  • 落下 【ラッカ】 fall, drop, descent, coming down
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下宿 【ゲシュク】 boarding, lodging, board and lodging, room and board, boarding house, lodging house, lodgings
  • 値下げ 【ネサゲ】 price reduction, price cut, reduction in price, markdown
  • 卑下 【ヒゲ】 self-abasement, humility, self-depreciation

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下着 【したぎ】 underwear, undergarment, underclothes, lingerie
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下手 【しもて】 lower part, foot, lower direction, left part of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage right (actor's POV)
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (someone's) side, (someone's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
Variants:
umbrella
Kun:
かさ
On:
サン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1694 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 傘下 【サンカ】 affiliated with, under jurisdiction of, under the umbrella
  • 傘寿 【サンジュ】 80th birthday
  • 落下傘 【ラッカサン】 parachute
  • 開傘 【カイサン】 opening of a parachute

Kun reading compounds

  • 傘 【かさ】 umbrella, parasol, something shaped like an umbrella or a conical hat, shade (of a lamp), mushroom cap, pileus
  • 笠貝 【かさがい】 limpet (esp. species Cellana mazatlandica)
  • 核の傘 【かくのかさ】 nuclear umbrella
  • から傘 【からかさ】 paper umbrella, bamboo-and-oiled-paper umbrella

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
san3
Korean:
san

Spanish

  • paraguas
  • parasol
  • toldo

Portuguese

  • guarda-chuva

French

  • parapluie
1310 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1856 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
518 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1064 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1702 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
790 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
804 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1655 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
53 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2640 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1349 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1829 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1035 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
966 Morohashi
2131 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
283 New Nelson (John Haig)
1026 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1103 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1505 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2855 2001 Kanji
2a10.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-10 SKIP code
8040.8 Four corner code
1-27-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5098 Unicode hex code