Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
Variants:
true, reality, Buddhist sect
Kun:
ま-まこと
On:
シン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
279 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 真 【シン】 truth, reality, genuineness, seriousness, logical truth, printed style writing, star performer
  • 真意 【シンイ】 real intention, true motive, true meaning
  • 組み写真 【クミシャシン】 composite or montage photograph
  • 迫真 【ハクシン】 realistic, true to life

Kun reading compounds

  • 真 【ま】 just, right, due (east), pure, genuine, true, truth
  • 愛 【まな】 beloved, dear
  • 秀真 【ほつま】 Hotsuma (script)
  • 誠に 【まことに】 indeed, really, absolutely, truly, actually, very, quite
  • 実しやか 【まことしやか】 plausible (but untrue), credible (e.g. of a lie), specious, truthy
  • 嘘から出たまこと 【うそからでたまこと】 something intended as a lie or joke which (by chance) ends up being true, lie turned truth

Readings

Japanese names:
さな、 さね、 ただ、 ただし、 なお、 のり、 まあ、 まこ、 まさ、 まっ、 まど、 まな、 まゆ、 みち、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhen1
Korean:
jin

Spanish

  • verdad
  • realidad
  • puro
  • genuino
  • verdadero

Portuguese

  • verdadeiro
  • realidade
  • seita do Budismo

French

  • exact
  • vrai
  • réalité
  • secte bouddhiste
438 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
341 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
514 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
278 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
783 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
384 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
227 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1228 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
422 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
428 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
242 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1385 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2616 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1337 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1813 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
75 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23236 Morohashi
2111 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3926 New Nelson (John Haig)
75 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
79 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
195 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
358 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1561 2001 Kanji
2k8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-8 SKIP code
2-7-3 SKIP code
4080.1 Four corner code
1-31-31 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
771f Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
assistant, help
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
474 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 佐保姫 【サホヒメ】 Saohime, goddess of Spring
  • 佐官 【サカン】 field officer
  • 中佐 【チュウサ】 lieutenant colonel, commander (navy)
  • 二佐 【ニサ】 lieutenant colonel (JGSDF)

Readings

Japanese names:
すけ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zuo3
Korean:
jwa

Spanish

  • ayuda
  • asistencia
  • rango militar

Portuguese

  • assistente
  • ajuda

French

  • assistant
  • aide
1283 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
285 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
392 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1322 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1043 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
365 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1744 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1867 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1002 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
74 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
76 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
48 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
51 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
961 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
506 Morohashi
67 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
155 New Nelson (John Haig)
952 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1024 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
381 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1093 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2172 2001 Kanji
2a5.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
2421.1 Four corner code
1-26-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f50 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
footsteps
Parts:
Variants:
ascend, climb up
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
566 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 登校 【トウコウ】 attendance (at school), going to school
  • 登記 【トウキ】 registry, registration
  • 完登 【カントウ】 completing a climb, completing a route (up a mountain), completing a series of climbs (e.g. the Seven Summits), peak bagging
  • 登校 【トウコウ】 attendance (at school), going to school
  • 登記 【トウキ】 registry, registration
  • 能登 【ノト】 Noto (former province located in the north of present-day Ishikawa Prefecture), Noto (peninsula)

Kun reading compounds

  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のぼし、 のぼり、 のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
deng1
Korean:
deung

Spanish

  • ascensión
  • escalada
  • subir
  • ascender
  • escalar

Portuguese

  • subir
  • escalar

French

  • monter
  • escalader
483 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
382 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
360 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
572 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3094 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
559 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
752 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1744 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.17 Japanese for Busy People
960 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
991 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
472 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1361 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3208 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1661 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2251 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1719 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
22668 Morohashi
2595 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3862 New Nelson (John Haig)
1703 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1838 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
405 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3573 2001 Kanji
3d9.26 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-7 SKIP code
2-6-6 SKIP code
1210.8 Four corner code
1-37-48 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
767b Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
history, chronicle
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
511 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 史 【シ】 history
  • 史家 【シカ】 historian
  • 通史 【ツウシ】 overview of history
  • 正史 【セイシ】 official history, authorized history

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あや、 お、 こ、 ちか、 とし、 なか、 のぶ、 ひさ、 ひと、 ふみ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi3
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • historia
  • crónica

Portuguese

  • história
  • crônica

French

  • histoire
  • chronique
411 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
523 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
496 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
563 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
91 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
81 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
398 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
183 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
332 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
332 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
705 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
317 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4324 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2188 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2946 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
699 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3249 Morohashi
3510 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
697 New Nelson (John Haig)
692 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
747 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
300 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
450 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1666 2001 Kanji
0a5.38 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-4 SKIP code
5004.6 Four corner code
5000.6 Four corner code
1-27-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53f2 Unicode hex code