Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
Variants:
elder sister
Kun:
あねはは
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
1473 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 姉 【シ】 honorific suffix used after the name of a woman of equal or higher status
  • 姉妹 【シマイ】 sisters
  • 実姉 【ジッシ】 biological older sister, real elder sister
  • 兄姉 【ケイシ】 brother and sister

Kun reading compounds

  • 姉 【あね】 older sister, elder sister
  • 姉さん 【ねえさん】 elder sister, young lady, miss, ma'am
  • 大姉 【おおあね】 eldest sister

Readings

Chinese:
zi3
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • hermana mayor

Portuguese

  • irmã mais velha

French

  • soeur aînée
413 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
146 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
498 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1329 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1207 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
120 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
154 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
847 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.15 Japanese for Busy People
407 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
411 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
77 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
438 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
336 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
210 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
253 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
420 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6165 Morohashi
280 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1201 New Nelson (John Haig)
413 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
442 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
159 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1744 2001 Kanji
3e5.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
1-3-4 SKIP code
4042.7 Four corner code
27-48 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
59c9 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
younger sister
Kun:
いもうと
On:
マイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
1446 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 義妹 【ギマイ】 sister-in-law (spouse's younger sister or younger brothers's wife), younger stepsister, younger adopted sister, non-blood-related younger sister
  • 弟妹 【テイマイ】 younger brother and sister

Kun reading compounds

  • 妹 【いもうと】 younger sister
  • 妹御 【いもうとご】 (another person's) younger sister

Readings

Japanese names:
す、 せ、 も
Chinese:
mei4
Korean:
mae

Spanish

  • hermana menor

Portuguese

  • irmã mais jovem

French

  • soeur cadette
319 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
226 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
207 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1204 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1204 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
427 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
153 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
848 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.15 Japanese for Busy People
408 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
412 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
78 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
441 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
333 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
208 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
250 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
225 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6138 Morohashi
278 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1199 New Nelson (John Haig)
220 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
234 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
166 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1764 2001 Kanji
3e5.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
4549.0 Four corner code
43-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
59b9 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
right hand
Parts:
friend
Kun:
とも
On:
ユウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
622 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 友好 【ユウコウ】 friendship
  • 友愛 【ユウアイ】 fraternity, friendship
  • 戦友 【センユウ】 comrade in arms, war buddy, fellow soldier
  • 盟友 【メイユウ】 sworn friend

Kun reading compounds

  • 友 【とも】 friend, companion, comrade, pal, accompaniment, companion (e.g. book), complement, accessory
  • 友達 【ともだち】 friend, companion
  • リア友 【リアとも】 real-life friend (as opposed to online friend)
  • 酒のお供 【さけのおとも】 appetizer or snack served with drinks, accompaniment to an (alcoholic) drink

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 ど、 ゆ
Chinese:
you3
Korean:
u

Spanish

  • amigo
  • compañero

Portuguese

  • amigo

French

  • ami
145 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
234 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
214 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
543 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
858 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
158 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
30 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
70 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
264 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
264 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
79 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
268 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3670 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1873 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2553 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
711 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3119 Morohashi
2952 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
672 New Nelson (John Haig)
704 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
760 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
451 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
104 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1467 2001 Kanji
2h2.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
4004.7 Four corner code
45-7 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53cb Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
fond, pleasing, like something
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
423 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 好 【コウ】 good
  • 好意 【コウイ】 kindness, favor, favour, friendliness, goodwill, affection, liking (for someone), love
  • 友好 【ユウコウ】 friendship
  • 同好 【ドウコウ】 similar tastes

Kun reading compounds

  • 好む 【このむ】 to like, to prefer
  • 好むと好まざるとにかかわらず 【このむとこのまざるとにかかわらず】 whether one likes it or not
  • 好く 【すく】 to like, to love, to be fond of
  • 良い 【よい】 good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable, sufficient, enough, ready, prepared, profitable (deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial, OK, all right, fine, no problem
  • いい男 【いいおとこ】 handsome man, looker, good guy, great guy, influential person (esp. in the yakuza), sumo wrestler
  • いい加減 【いいかげん】 irresponsible, perfunctory, careless, lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague, reasonable, moderate, considerably, quite, rather, pretty
  • いい男 【いいおとこ】 handsome man, looker, good guy, great guy, influential person (esp. in the yakuza), sumo wrestler

Readings

Japanese names:
こ、 たか、 とし、 よし
Chinese:
hao3, hao4
Korean:
ho

Spanish

  • agradable
  • gustar algo
  • gustar
  • preferir

Portuguese

  • apaixonado
  • agradável
  • gostar

French

  • aimer bien
  • apprécié
  • agréable
503 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
859 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
308 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1191 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
882 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
152 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
413 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
104 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
104 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
244 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
432 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
240 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
155 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
184 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
100 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6053 Morohashi
208 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1180 New Nelson (John Haig)
99 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
103 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
262 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
465 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1747 2001 Kanji
3e2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
1-3-2 SKIP code
4744.7 Four corner code
25-5 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
597d Unicode hex code

11 strokes (also 10)
Radical:
town (阝 right) 邑 (阝)
Parts:
metropolis, capital, all, everything
Kun:
みやこ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
123 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 都 【ト】 metropolitan, municipal
  • 都営 【トエイ】 (under) metropolitan government management
  • 遷都 【セント】 relocation of the capital, transfer of the capital
  • 東都 【トウト】 the Eastern Capital (now Tokyo), Yedo, Edo
  • 都度 【ツド】 each (every) time, whenever
  • 都合 【ツゴウ】 circumstances, condition, convenience, to arrange, to manage, to lend money, to raise money, in all, in total, all told

Kun reading compounds

  • 都 【みやこ】 capital, metropolis, seat of government, capital (of music, fashion, etc.), city (e.g. of light), location of the Imperial Palace
  • 都入り 【みやこいり】 arriving in the capital
  • 森の都 【もりのみやこ】 tree-clad town
  • 住めば都 【すめばみやこ】 you can get used to living anywhere, home is where you make it, wherever I lay my hat is home

Readings

Japanese names:
くに、 ず、 ち、 づめ、 みや
Chinese:
du1, dou1
Korean:
do

Spanish

  • metrópoli
  • capital

Portuguese

  • metropole
  • capital

French

  • métropole
  • capitale
287 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
376 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
355 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
92 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4769 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
173 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
265 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1419 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
188 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
188 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
338 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
761 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2120 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1106 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1505 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1863 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39497P Morohashi
1686 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6148 New Nelson (John Haig)
1846 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1989 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
384 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
2d8.13 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-3 SKIP code
1-8-2 SKIP code
4762.7 Four corner code
37-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
90fd Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
turban, scarf
Parts:
market, city, town
Kun:
いち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
42 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 市 【シ】 city
  • 市営 【シエイ】 (under) municipal management (transport, housing, etc.), city facility management
  • 同市 【ドウシ】 same city
  • 田園都市 【デンエントシ】 rural or garden city

Kun reading compounds

  • 市 【いち】 market, fair
  • 市中 【しちゅう】 in the city
  • 骨董市 【こっとういち】 antique market, flea market
  • 草市 【くさいち】 flower market during obon

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 ち
Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • mercado
  • ciudad

Portuguese

  • mercado
  • cidade

French

  • marché
  • ville
  • cité
222 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
144 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
130 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
78 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
284 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
119 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
162 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
195 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
181 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
181 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
547 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
556 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2487 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1258 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1724 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
419 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8775 Morohashi
1993 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1549 New Nelson (John Haig)
412 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
440 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
305 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
109 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
444 2001 Kanji
2j3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4-4-3 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
27-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e02 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
gate
Parts:
Variants:
connection, barrier, gateway, involve, concerning
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
70 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 関係者 【カンケイシャ】 person concerned, people involved (in an event), those concerned, staff
  • 関係 【カンケイ】 relation, relationship, connection, participation, involvement, concern, influence, effect, sexual relations, sexual relationship, related to, connected to
  • 連関 【レンカン】 connection, relation, linkage
  • 通関 【ツウカン】 customs clearance

Kun reading compounds

  • 関 【せき】 barrier, gate, seki (in go), mutual life
  • 関取 【せきとり】 ranking wrestler in the makuuchi (senior-grade) or juryo (junior-grade) divisions
  • 霞ヶ関 【かすみがせき】 Kasumigaseki, district of Tokyo where most of Japan's government ministry offices are located, government ministries (of Japan), Japanese government bureaucracy
  • 関わる 【かかわる】 to be affected, to be influenced, to be concerned with, to have to do with, to stick to (opinions)
  • 覗き機関 【のぞきからくり】 peep show, device with lens mounted on a stand or in a box to view enlarged pictures
  • 水機関 【みずからくり】 puppet powered by (falling) water, water-powered contrivance, show using such a device (in Edo-period Osaka)

Readings

Chinese:
guan1
Korean:
gwan, wan

Spanish

  • barrera
  • puerta
  • relación
  • mecanismo
  • valla

Portuguese

  • conexão
  • obstáculo
  • passagem
  • emvolver
  • concernente

French

  • relation
  • barrière
  • lien
  • rapport
  • concerner
365 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
467 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
444 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
104 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4958 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
289 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
982 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2245 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.7 Japanese for Busy People
398 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
402 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
446 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1844 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4129 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2099 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2842 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2036 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41297 Morohashi
3328 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6402 New Nelson (John Haig)
2017 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2173 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
84 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
614 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3863 2001 Kanji
8e6.7 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-6 SKIP code
7743.0 Four corner code
20-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
95a2 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
person in charge, connection, duty, concern oneself
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
232 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 係争 【ケイソウ】 contention, dispute, conflict, controversy
  • 係数 【ケイスウ】 coefficient, factor, proportional constant
  • 相関関係 【ソウカンカンケイ】 correlation, interrelation, intertwining
  • 三角関係 【サンカクカンケイ】 love triangle, eternal triangle

Kun reading compounds

  • 係る 【かかる】 to be the work of, to be the result of, to be done by, to concern, to affect, to involve, to relate to
  • 係 【かかり】 charge, duty, person in charge, official, clerk, connection, linking
  • 係員 【かかりいん】 person in charge, official, attendant
  • 口座係 【こうざかかり】 teller (in bank)
  • 応接係 【おうせつかかり】 receptionist, desk clerk
  • 関わる 【かかわる】 to be affected, to be influenced, to be concerned with, to have to do with, to stick to (opinions)

Readings

Chinese:
xi4
Korean:
gye

Spanish

  • cargo
  • deber
  • concernir
  • afectar

Portuguese

  • pessoa em carga
  • conexão
  • dever
  • interessa a si próprio

French

  • chargé de
  • liaison
  • devoir
  • s'occuper de
385 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
286 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
268 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
263 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
449 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
426 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
318 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
909 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
931 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
447 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
94 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
108 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
73 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
78 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1404 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
663 Morohashi
97 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
217 New Nelson (John Haig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1493 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
221 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
324 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2141 2001 Kanji
2a7.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-7 SKIP code
2229.3 Four corner code
23-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4fc2 Unicode hex code