Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
slope, incline, hill
Kun:
さか
On:
ハン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
865 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 坂路 【ハンロ】 ramp, slope
  • 京阪 【ケイハン】 Kyoto-Osaka
  • 登坂 【トウハン】 climbing a slope (hill), ascending a hill

Kun reading compounds

  • 坂 【さか】 slope, hill
  • 坂道 【さかみち】 hill road
  • 海境 【うなさか】 boundary between the world of men and the world of the sea god
  • 急な坂 【きゅうなさか】 sudden drop, precipitous slope

Readings

Japanese names:
か、 ざ
Chinese:
ban3
Korean:
pan

Spanish

  • cuesta
  • pendiente

Portuguese

  • rampa
  • inclinação
  • morro

French

  • pente
  • incliner
  • colline
304 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
394 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
372 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
595 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1061 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
343 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
428 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
390 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
443 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
449 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
605 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
370 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
275 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
172 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
206 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
731 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4910 Morohashi
234 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
985 New Nelson (John Haig)
723 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
780 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
282 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1467 2001 Kanji
3b4.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
4114.7 Four corner code
26-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5742 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 雲上 【ウンジョウ】 above the clouds, the heavens
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity (esp. during Edo period), Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former, northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
rain
Parts:
cloud
Kun:
くも-ぐも
On:
ウン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N2
1256 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 雲散霧消 【ウンサンムショウ】 vanishing like mist
  • 雲海 【ウンカイ】 sea of clouds
  • 青雲 【セイウン】 blue sky, erudition, detachment from the world, high rank
  • 星雲 【セイウン】 nebula, galaxy

Kun reading compounds

  • 雲 【くも】 cloud
  • 雲行き 【くもゆき】 weather, look of the sky, situation, turn of affairs, signs, way the wind is blowing
  • 白雲 【しらくも】 white clouds
  • 八重雲 【やえぐも】 layers of clouds

Readings

Japanese names:
き、 ずも、 のめ
Chinese:
yun2
Korean:
un

Spanish

  • nube

Portuguese

  • nuvem

French

  • nuage
47 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
83 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
78 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1124 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5046 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
478 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
997 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2027 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
636 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
646 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
844 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1860 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3447 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1774 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2415 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
430 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42235 Morohashi
2773 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6522 New Nelson (John Haig)
423 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
452 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
213 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3171 2001 Kanji
8d4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-4 SKIP code
1073.1 Four corner code
17-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
96f2 Unicode hex code