Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo)
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw (cash), to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
meat 肉 (⺼)
Parts:
abdomen, belly, stomach
Kun:
はら
On:
フク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
1286 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 腹痛 【フクツウ】 stomach ache, abdominal pain
  • 腹心 【フクシン】 one's confidant, trusted friend, trusted retainer
  • 私腹 【シフク】 one's own profits, one's own pockets
  • 開腹 【カイフク】 making a surgical incision in the abdomen

Kun reading compounds

  • 腹 【はら】 abdomen, belly, stomach, womb, one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive, courage, nerve, willpower, generosity, magnanimity, feelings, emotions, wide middle part, bulging part, inside, interior, inner part, anti-node, counter for hard roe, counter for containers with bulging middles (pots, vases, etc.)
  • 腹痛 【ふくつう】 stomach ache, abdominal pain
  • 業腹 【ごうはら】 spite, resentment
  • 赤腹 【あかはら】 brown-headed thrush (Turdus chrysolaus), Japanese dace (Tribolodon hakonensis), Japanese fire belly newt (Cynops pyrrhogaster), dysentery

Readings

Chinese:
fu4
Korean:
bog

Spanish

  • barriga
  • estómago

Portuguese

  • abdômen
  • estômago
  • barriga

French

  • abdomen
  • ventre
975 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
965 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1345 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3800 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1010 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
852 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1871 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1271 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1345 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1088 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1040 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1308 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
710 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
949 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
475 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
29722 Morohashi
1034 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4851 New Nelson (John Haig)
464 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
503 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
966 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3967 2001 Kanji
4b9.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-9 SKIP code
7824.7 Four corner code
42-2 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8179 Unicode hex code

11 strokes (also 10)
Radical:
town (阝 right) 邑 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
section, bureau, dept, class, copy, part, portion, counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
Kun:
-べ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
36 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 部 【ブ】 department (in an organization), division, bureau, club, part, component, element, category, counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
  • 部位 【ブイ】 part (esp. of the body), region, site, cut (of meat)
  • 情報部 【ジョウホウブ】 information bureau, intelligence department
  • 首脳部 【シュノウブ】 executives, top management, governing body

Readings

Japanese names:
とり、 ふ、 ぺ、 ま
Chinese:
bu4
Korean:
bu

Spanish

  • sección
  • departamento
  • parte
  • copia

Portuguese

  • seção
  • biro
  • departamento
  • classe
  • cópia
  • parte
  • porção
  • sufixo para contagem de jornais ou revistas

French

  • partie
  • bureau
  • service
  • classe
  • copie
  • section
  • portion
  • compteur de copies (presse)
504 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
407 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
384 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
37 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4767 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
282 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
969 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1418 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
86 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
86 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
53 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
762 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2111 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1099 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1498 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1862 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39460 Morohashi
1676 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6146 New Nelson (John Haig)
1845 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1988 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
52 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
386 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
444 2001 Kanji
2d8.15 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-3 SKIP code
1-8-2 SKIP code
0762.7 Four corner code
41-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
90e8 Unicode hex code