Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
horse
Parts:
horse
Kun:
うまうま-
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
639 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 馬車 【バシャ】 (horse-drawn) coach, carriage, wagon, cart
  • 馬券 【バケン】 (horse racing) betting ticket
  • 白馬 【ハクバ】 white horse, unrefined sake
  • 騎馬 【キバ】 horse riding, horseback riding, horseback rider

Kun reading compounds

  • 馬 【うま】 horse, horse racing, promoted bishop
  • 馬主 【うまぬし】 owner of a horse (esp. racehorse), registered owner (of a racehorse)
  • 白馬 【はくば】 white horse, unrefined sake
  • 竹馬 【たけうま】 stilts (for walking), hobby horse
  • 馬克 【マルク】 mark (currency)
  • 馬尼剌 【マニラ】 Manila (Philippines)
  • 白馬 【はくば】 white horse, unrefined sake
  • 竹馬 【たけうま】 stilts (for walking), hobby horse

Readings

Japanese names:
た、 ばん、 め、 も
Chinese:
ma3
Korean:
ma

Spanish

  • caballo

Portuguese

  • Cavalo

French

  • cheval
127 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
191 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
512 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5191 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
142 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1015 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1257 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
283 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
283 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
484 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1912 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4086 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2073 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2809 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1997 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44572 Morohashi
3296 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6725 New Nelson (John Haig)
1978 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2132 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
199 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3450 2001 Kanji
10a0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-6-4 SKIP code
4-10-1 SKIP code
7132.7 Four corner code
39-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
99ac Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo)
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw (cash), to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
horse
Parts:
burdensome, pack horse, horse load, send by horse, trivial, worthless
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1500 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 駄 【ダ】 poor, low-grade, trivial, insignificant, worthless, load, pack, horse load, packhorse
  • 駄目 【ダメ】 no good, not serving its purpose, useless, broken, hopeless, wasted, in vain, purposeless, cannot, must not, not allowed, neutral point (in go), intersection owned by neither player at the end of a game
  • 雪駄 【セッタ】 leather-soled sandals (geta)
  • 足駄 【アシダ】 high clogs, rain clogs
  • 中下駄 【チュウゲタ】 medium height geta
  • 高下駄 【タカゲタ】 tall wooden clogs

Readings

Chinese:
tuo2, duo4
Korean:
tae, ta

Spanish

  • caballo de carga
  • carga
  • aburrido

Portuguese

  • Incômodo
  • bando de cavalos
  • carga de cavalos
  • enviar a cavalo

French

  • fardeau
  • cheval de bât
  • charge de cheval
  • envoyé par cheval
1541 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1591 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5198 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1909 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1880 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2046 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1610 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1917 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2291 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1183 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1617 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2005 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44633 Morohashi
1821 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6734 New Nelson (John Haig)
1986 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2140 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1744 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3463 2001 Kanji
10a4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-10-4 SKIP code
7433.0 Four corner code
34-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
99c4 Unicode hex code