Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空気 【クウキ】 air, atmosphere, mood, situation, someone with no presence, someone who doesn't stand out at all
  • 滑空 【カックウ】 gliding (through the air)
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • 空模様 【そらもよう】 look of the sky, weather
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 晴れた空 【はれたそら】 clear sky, cloudless sky
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空っぽ 【からっぽ】 empty, vacant, hollow
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
1-22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
steam, breath
Parts:
Variants:
spirit, mind, air, atmosphere, mood
Kun:
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
113 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 気 【キ】 spirit, mind, heart, nature, disposition, motivation, intention, mood, feelings, ambience, atmosphere, mood, qi (in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine), chi, ki
  • 気分 【キブン】 feeling, mood
  • お天気 【オテンキ】 weather, mood, temper
  • 換気 【カンキ】 ventilation
  • 気 【ケ】 sign, indication, trace, touch, feeling, somehow, for some reason, seeming to be
  • 気配 【ケハイ】 indication, sign, hint, sensation, feeling, tone (of the market)
  • 吐き気 【ハキケ】 nausea, feeling like throwing up, feeling sick
  • 水気 【ミズケ】 water content, moisture, juiciness, dampness, water vapor (vapour), steam, dropsy, edema, oedema

Kun reading compounds

  • 気 【き】 spirit, mind, heart, nature, disposition, motivation, intention, mood, feelings, ambience, atmosphere, mood, qi (in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine), chi, ki
  • 気分 【きぶん】 feeling, mood
  • お天気 【おてんき】 weather, mood, temper
  • 換気 【かんき】 ventilation

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qi4
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • espíritu
  • mente

Portuguese

  • espírito
  • mente

French

  • esprit
  • air
  • atmosphère
  • humeur
59 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
68 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
11 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
77 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2480 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
144 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
67 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
319 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.6 Japanese for Busy People
134 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
134 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
246 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1150 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3960 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2037 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2751 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1903 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17046P Morohashi
3194 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3025 New Nelson (John Haig)
1885 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2030 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
55 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
52 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2356 2001 Kanji
0a6.8 The Kanji Dictionary
3-4-2 SKIP code
2-2-4 SKIP code
8041.7 Four corner code
1-21-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c17 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
pure, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu dynasty
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
705 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 清潔 【セイケツ】 clean, hygienic, sanitary, pure, virtuous, immaculate
  • 清掃 【セイソウ】 cleaning, clean-up, garbage collection, scavenging
  • 粛清 【シュクセイ】 (political) purge
  • 血清 【ケッセイ】 serum, blood serum
  • 清浄 【セイジョウ】 pure, clean, purity
  • 清 【シン】 Qing dynasty (of China; 1644-1912), Ch'ing dynasty, Manchu dynasty
  • 清朝 【シンチョウ】 Qing dynasty (of China; 1644-1912), Ch'ing dynasty, Manchu dynasty, seichōtai, typeface which resembles brush-stroke forms of characters
  • 東清 【トウシン】 Eastern China
  • 日清 【ニッシン】 Japan and Qing China

Kun reading compounds

  • 清い 【きよい】 clear, pure, noble
  • 清い愛 【きよいあい】 pure love, platonic love
  • 清まる 【きよまる】 to be purified, to be cleansed
  • 清める 【きよめる】 to purify, to cleanse, to exorcise, to purge, to ward off

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 さや、 し、 すが、 すみ、 せ、 ちん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qing1
Korean:
cheong

Spanish

  • puro
  • claro
  • purificar
  • limpiar

Portuguese

  • puro
  • purificar
  • limpar
  • exorcisar
  • Disnastia Manchu

French

  • pur
  • purifier
  • exorciser
  • nettoyer
  • dynastie Mandchoue
440 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
547 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
517 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
509 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2605 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
654 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
692 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1342 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
660 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
671 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
754 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1213 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
635 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
384 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
479 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1553 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17695P Morohashi
523 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3205 New Nelson (John Haig)
1539 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1659 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
569 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
346 2001 Kanji
3a8.18 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
3512.7 Four corner code
1-32-22 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6e05 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
clean, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu Dynasty
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1383 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 浄水器 【ジョウスイキ】 water filter, water purification system
  • 浄化槽 【ジョウカソウ】 water-purification tank, septic tank
  • 自浄 【ジジョウ】 self-purification, self-cleansing
  • 不浄 【フジョウ】 uncleanliness, dirtiness, impurity, filthiness, defilement, menses, feces (faeces), bathroom

Kun reading compounds

  • 清める 【きよめる】 to purify, to cleanse, to exorcise, to purge, to ward off
  • 清い 【きよい】 clear, pure, noble

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jing4
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • puro
  • inocente

Portuguese

  • limpar
  • purificar
  • limpeza
  • exorcisar
  • Disnastia Manchu

French

  • nettoyer
  • laver
  • purifier
  • dynastie Mandchoue
1417 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1559 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2548 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
976 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1472 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
823 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
664 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
675 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1495 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1187 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
457 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
282 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
342 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1163 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17451 Morohashi
382 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3128 New Nelson (John Haig)
1155 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1239 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1274 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
347 2001 Kanji
3a6.18 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
3715.7 Four corner code
1-30-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d44 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
loom, mechanism, machine, airplane, opportunity, potency, efficacy, occasion
Kun:
はた
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
127 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 機 【キ】 chance, opportunity, machine, aircraft, counter for aircraft, counter for (remaining) lives
  • 機会 【キカイ】 chance, opportunity
  • 発条 【バネ】 spring, spring (in one's legs), bounce, springboard, impetus
  • 待機 【タイキ】 standing by, awaiting an opportunity, being on alert, quarantine

Kun reading compounds

  • 機 【はた】 loom
  • 機織り 【はたおり】 weaving, weaver
  • 高機 【たかばた】 traditional Japanese treadle-operated tall loom

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • mecanismo
  • máquina
  • avión
  • ocasión
  • telar

Portuguese

  • mecanismo
  • oportunidade
  • ocasião
  • máquina
  • avião

French

  • métier à tisser
  • mécanique
  • opportunité
  • machine
  • avion
  • organique
373 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
476 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
453 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
101 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2379 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
415 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2869 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
528 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
334 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1115 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1365 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
736 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
989 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1394 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15561 Morohashi
1076 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2880 New Nelson (John Haig)
1382 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1482 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
158 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
631 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1859 2001 Kanji
4a12.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-12 SKIP code
4295.3 Four corner code
1-21-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a5f Unicode hex code