Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
mountain
Parts:
beach
Kun:
きし
On:
ガン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
556 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 岸壁 【ガンペキ】 quay, wharf, jetty, wall-like shoreline, cliff wall
  • 岸頭 【ガントウ】 shore, wharf
  • 護岸 【ゴガン】 river dike
  • 対岸 【タイガン】 opposite shore

Kun reading compounds

  • 岸 【きし】 bank, coast, shore
  • 岸辺 【きしべ】 shore, bank (of a body of water)
  • 片岸 【かたぎし】 one bank (of a river)
  • 彼の岸 【かのきし】 nirvana

Readings

Japanese names:
けし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
an4
Korean:
an

Spanish

  • playa
  • costa
  • orilla

Portuguese

  • Praia

French

  • côte
  • rive
  • plage
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
267 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
248 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
847 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1413 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
687 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
488 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
941 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
586 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
595 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
456 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
539 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2777 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1424 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1920 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1668 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8009 Morohashi
2236 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1459 New Nelson (John Haig)
1653 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1782 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
294 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1255 2001 Kanji
3o5.11 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2224.1 Four corner code
1-20-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5cb8 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana-
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 呈上 【テイジョウ】 giving, gifting, presenting
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上期 【かみき】 first half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, finishing (in a board or card game, etc.), green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo), upstream, uphill
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 going up and down, ascent and descent, climb and descent
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

18 strokes
Radical:
metal, gold 金 (釒)
Parts:
Variants:
sickle, scythe, trick
Kun:
かま
On:
レンケン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1587 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

Kun reading compounds

  • 鎌 【かま】 sickle, leading question, trick question, sickle-and-chain (weapon), spear with curved cross-blades, gooseneck tenon and mortise joint, noisiness, part of a fish around the gills
  • 鎌倉 【かまくら】 Kamakura (city)
  • 大鎌 【おおがま】 scythe
  • 大脳鎌 【だいのうかま】 falx cerebri, cerebral falx

Readings

Japanese names:
かた、 かね
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lian2
Korean:
gyeom

Spanish

  • hoz
  • guadaña

Portuguese

French

  • faucille
  • serpe
  • faux
  • duper
1277 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4902 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1996 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
2750 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2257 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1130 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1155 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1613 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40693X Morohashi
1760 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6326 New Nelson (John Haig)
1599 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1725 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
2864 2001 Kanji
8a10.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-10 SKIP code
8813.7 Four corner code
1-19-89 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
938c Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
good luck, joy, congratulations
Kun:
よし
On:
キチキツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
711 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 吉 【キチ】 good fortune (esp. omikuji fortune-telling result), good luck, auspiciousness, unspecified day of the month (used to obscure the date a letter, invitation, etc. was written)
  • 吉祥天 【キッショウテン】 Sri-mahadevi (consort of Vaishravana)
  • 大吉 【ダイキチ】 excellent luck
  • 小吉 【ショウキチ】 slightly good luck (as a fortune telling result)
  • 吉 【キチ】 good fortune (esp. omikuji fortune-telling result), good luck, auspiciousness, unspecified day of the month (used to obscure the date a letter, invitation, etc. was written)
  • 吉事 【キチジ】 auspicious event
  • 嘉吉 【カキツ】 Kakitsu era (1441.2.17-1444.2.5)
  • 勿吉 【モッキツ】 Mohe (one of the Tungusic-speaking tribes)

Kun reading compounds

  • 吉川神道 【よしかわしんとう】 Yoshikawa Shinto (Confucianist form of Shinto, stripped of Buddhist influence)
  • 吉牛 【よしぎゅう】 Yoshinoya gyudon (beef on rice)
  • 土吉 【つちよし】 earth form of "good luck" character
  • 豊臣秀吉 【とよとみひでよし】 Toyotomi Hideyoshi

Readings

Japanese names:
え、 き、 きっ、 きる、 こし、 と、 よ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji2
Korean:
gil

Spanish

  • buena suerte
  • alegría
  • felicitaciones

Portuguese

  • boa sorte
  • prazer
  • congratulações

French

  • bonne chance
  • joie
  • félicitations
1142 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
464 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1053 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
990 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1124 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
278 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1141 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1194 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
893 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
282 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2691 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1369 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1855 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
326 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3289 Morohashi
2167 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
711 New Nelson (John Haig)
320 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
342 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
199 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1064 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1477 2001 Kanji
3p3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-3 SKIP code
4060.1 Four corner code
1-21-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5409 Unicode hex code