Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
Variants:
elder sister
Kun:
あねはは
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
1473 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 姉 【シ】 honorific suffix used after the name of a woman of equal or higher status
  • 姉妹 【シマイ】 sisters
  • 従姉 【ジュウシ】 cousin (older female)
  • 兄姉 【ケイシ】 brother and sister

Kun reading compounds

  • 姉 【あね】 older sister, elder sister
  • 姉さん 【ねえさん】 older sister, elder sister, young lady, miss, ma'am
  • 大姉 【おおあね】 eldest sister

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zi3
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • hermana mayor

Portuguese

  • irmã mais velha

French

  • soeur aînée
413 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
146 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
498 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1329 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1207 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
120 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
154 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
847 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.15 Japanese for Busy People
407 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
411 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
77 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
438 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
336 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
210 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
253 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
420 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6165 Morohashi
280 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1201 New Nelson (John Haig)
413 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
442 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
159 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1744 2001 Kanji
3e5.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
1-3-4 SKIP code
4042.7 Four corner code
1-27-48 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
59c9 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana-
  • 上着 【ウワギ】 coat, tunic, jacket, outer garment
  • 向上 【コウジョウ】 elevation, rise, improvement, advancement, progress
  • 北上 【ホクジョウ】 going north
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 和尚 【オショウ】 priestly teacher, preceptor, monk (esp. the head monk of a temple), priest, head priest, second highest priestly rank in Buddhism, master (of one's art, trade, etc.)
  • 呈上 【テイジョウ】 giving, gifting, presenting
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 父上 【ちちうえ】 father
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上手 【うわて】 upper part, upper stream, upper course of a river, right side of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage left (actor's POV), skillful (in comparisons), dexterity, over-arm grip on opponent's belt
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, finishing (in a board or card game, etc.), green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がりこむ 【あがりこむ】 to enter (house, room, etc.), to step in
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo), upstream, uphill
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 going up and down, ascent and descent, climb and descent
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code