Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
soil, earth, ground, Turkey
Kun:
つち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
307 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth (third of the five elements), Turkey
  • 土地 【トチ】 plot of land, lot, soil, locality, region, place
  • 浄土 【ジョウド】 pure land (esp. the Western Pure Land paradise of Amitabha), (Buddhist) paradise, Pure Land Buddhism
  • 郷土 【キョウド】 native place, birth-place, one's old home, province, region, locality
  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth (third of the five elements), Turkey
  • 時計 【トケイ】 watch, clock, timepiece
  • 下土 【カド】 lower world, this world, the earth
  • 率土 【ソット】 face of the earth

Kun reading compounds

  • 土 【つち】 earth, soil, dirt, clay, mud, the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land, low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud), (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in Onmyōdō)
  • 土方 【どかた】 construction worker, laborer (labourer), navvy
  • 盛り土 【もりど】 embankment (for road, railway, etc.), raising the ground level, fill
  • 赤土 【あかつち】 red clay, tuff loam, dark-red paint

Readings

Japanese names:
つく、 は、 ひじ
Chinese:
tu3
Korean:
to, du

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • Turquía

Portuguese

  • solo
  • terra
  • chão
  • Turquia

French

  • sol
  • terre
  • terrain
  • Turquie
17 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
19 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
60 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
316 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1050 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
19 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
37 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
42 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
24 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
22 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
347 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4211 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2127 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2875 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
152 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4867 Morohashi
3403 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
966 New Nelson (John Haig)
150 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
161 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
360 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
22 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1472 2001 Kanji
3b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
4010.0 Four corner code
37-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
571f Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo)
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw (cash), to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
house on cliff 广
Parts:
广
squat, seat, cushion, gathering, sit
Kun:
すわ.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
588 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 座 【ザ】 seat, place, position, status, gathering, party, company, atmosphere (of a gathering), stand, pedestal, platform, (historical) trade guild, attaches to the names of constellations, attaches to the names of theatres, cinemas and theatrical troupes, counter for theatres, deities, Buddhist images, tall mountains, and satokagura songs
  • 座敷 【ザシキ】 tatami room, tatami mat room, formal Japanese room, dinner party in a tatami room (esp. when a geisha or maiko attends)
  • 連座 【レンザ】 implication (in a crime), involvement, sitting in a row (in the same seat)
  • 胡座 【アグラ】 sitting cross-legged (i.e. Indian style)

Kun reading compounds

  • 座る 【すわる】 to sit, to squat, to assume (a position), to hold steady, to hold still

Readings

Chinese:
zuo4
Korean:
jwa

Spanish

  • sitio
  • asiento
  • constelación
  • sentarse

Portuguese

  • agachar
  • assento
  • almofada
  • reunião
  • sentar

French

  • s'accroupir
  • s'asseoir
  • siège
  • coussin
  • rassemblement
  • théâtre
  • constellation
880 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
870 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
377 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1515 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1089 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
510 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1245 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
786 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
800 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
175 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
590 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3868 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1989 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2686 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1033 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9319 Morohashi
3116 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1619 New Nelson (John Haig)
1024 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1100 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
900 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
572 2001 Kanji
3q7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
0021.4 Four corner code
26-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5ea7 Unicode hex code