Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際会 【サイカイ】 meeting, facing, confronting
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary
  • 援助交際 【エンジョコウサイ】 paid dating (esp. with an underage girl; oft. involving selling of sex), compensated dating

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
1-26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
Variants:
sabre, sword, blade, clock hand
Kun:
つるぎ
On:
ケン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1305 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 剣 【ケン】 sword (esp. a large, double-edged one), blade, bayonet, swordsmanship, stinger, ovipositor, dart
  • 剣士 【ケンシ】 swordsman, swordswoman, fencer
  • 銃剣 【ジュウケン】 bayonet, guns and swords
  • 刀剣 【トウケン】 sword, dagger, knife, bayonet

Kun reading compounds

  • 剣 【けん】 sword (esp. a large, double-edged one), blade, bayonet, swordsmanship, stinger, ovipositor, dart
  • 剣の山 【つるぎのやま】 mountain of swords, mountain in hell covered in swords (with their tips pointing upward)
  • 月の剣 【つきのつるぎ】 new moon, crescent moon
  • 草薙の剣 【くさなぎのつるぎ】 Kusanagi no Tsurugi (alternate name for Ama-no-Murakumo no Tsurugi; the sword of the Imperial regalia), grass-mowing sword

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jian4
Korean:
geom

Spanish

  • sable
  • espada
  • hoja de espada

Portuguese

  • sabre
  • espada
  • lâmina
  • ponteiro de relógio

French

  • sabre
  • épée
  • lame
  • aiguille de montre
1214 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1248 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
696 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1436 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1095 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1151 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
879 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
900 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
791 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
198 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2104 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1096 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1493 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1687 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2076 Morohashi
1672 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
498 New Nelson (John Haig)
1671 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1801 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1310 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2843 2001 Kanji
2f8.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-2 SKIP code
8250.0 Four corner code
1-23-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5263 Unicode hex code

12 strokes (also 11)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
Variants:
road-way, street, district, journey, course, moral, teachings
Kun:
みちいう
On:
ドウトウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
207 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 道 【ドウ】 road, path, street, route, way, set of practices, rules for conducting oneself, Buddhist teachings, Taoism, modern administrative region of Japan (Hokkaido), historical administrative region of Japan (Tokaido, Tosando, etc.), province (Tang-era administrative region of China), province (modern administrative region of Korea)
  • 道義 【ドウギ】 morality, moral principles
  • 正道 【セイドウ】 path of righteousness, path of duty, right track, correct path
  • 海道 【カイドウ】 sea route
  • 有道 【ユウドウ】 being good, being virtuous, virtuous person
  • 不道 【フドウ】 inhuman, immoral, unreasonable, outrageous, wicked, barbarity (one of the eight unpardonable crimes, incl. killing three people in one family, or dismembering a corpse)

Kun reading compounds

  • 道 【みち】 road, path, street, lane, passage, route, way, distance, journey, road (e.g. to victory), course, way (of living, proper conduct, etc.), moral principles, teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma, field (e.g. of medicine), subject, speciality, means, way, method
  • 道筋 【みちすじ】 path, route, itinerary
  • 花道 【はなみち】 elevated walkway through the audience to the stage (kabuki), honourable end to a career
  • 横道 【よこみち】 byway, side street, cross street, wrong way, digression

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 じ、 ど、 みつ、 おさむ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
dao4
Korean:
do

Spanish

  • camino
  • razón
  • modo
  • decir
  • senda
  • método

Portuguese

  • Caminho
  • estrada
  • rua
  • distrito
  • viagem
  • curso
  • moral
  • ensinamentos
  • filosofia

French

  • voie
  • route
  • rue
  • région
  • voyage
  • morale
  • enseignements
122 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
205 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
188 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
129 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4724 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
141 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
93 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1811 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.7 Japanese for Busy People
149 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
149 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
66 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
710 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3888 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2000 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2701 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
283 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39010P Morohashi
3134 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6091 New Nelson (John Haig)
277 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
295 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
123 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
220 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
979 2001 Kanji
2q9.14 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-9 SKIP code
3-2-9 SKIP code
3830.6 Four corner code
1-38-27 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9053 Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
take along, lead, join, connect, party, gang, clique
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
30 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 連 【レン】 two reams (of paper), 1000 sheets (of paper), stanza, verse, tribe (in taxonomy), forecast (bet), bet which predicts the top 2 finishers (i.e. quinella or perfecta bet), party, company, group, set, things strung in a line, e.g. pearls, dried fish, spans of a bridge, etc., falcon
  • 連邦捜査局 【レンポウソウサキョク】 Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI
  • 労連 【ロウレン】 labour union, labor union
  • 常連 【ジョウレン】 regular customer, regular patron, frequenter, constant companion

Kun reading compounds

  • 連なる 【つらなる】 to extend, to stretch out, to stand in a row, to attend, to participate in, to enrol, to enroll, to join, to have a connection, to be related, to be linked
  • 連ねる 【つらねる】 to line up, to put in a row, to add (to a group), to accept (as a member of an organization, etc.), to join (e.g. a list), to link, to put together, to string together (e.g. compliments), to enumerate, to take along with, to bring with
  • 連れる 【つれる】 to take (someone) with one, to bring along, to go with, to be accompanied by

Readings

Japanese names:
ずれ、 つれ、 むらじ、 れ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lian2
Korean:
ryeon

Spanish

  • unir
  • acompañar
  • estar junto
  • grupo
  • agrupar

Portuguese

  • Levar pelo caminho
  • primazia
  • unir
  • conectar
  • partido
  • gangue
  • grupo

French

  • emmener
  • se mettre en rang
  • s'unir
  • série
  • parti
  • bande
  • clique
538 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
637 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
607 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
87 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4702 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
383 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
960 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1238 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
440 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
446 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
299 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
699 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3849 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1976 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2672 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
293 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38902P Morohashi
3103 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6062 New Nelson (John Haig)
287 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
305 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
101 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
560 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1555 2001 Kanji
2q7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3530.0 Four corner code
1-47-2 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9023 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
dish
Parts:
alliance, oath
On:
メイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
587 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 盟 【メイ】 alliance, aimag, league, administrative subdivision in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia
  • 盟主 【メイシュ】 leader (of an alliance), leading power
  • 期成同盟 【キセイドウメイ】 association formed to carry out an objective
  • 締盟 【テイメイ】 forming an alliance, conclusion of a treaty of alliance

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
meng2, ming2
Korean:
maeng

Spanish

  • juramento
  • promesa
  • pacto
  • alianza

Portuguese

  • aliança
  • juramento

French

  • alliance
  • serment
873 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
991 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
979 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
775 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3119 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
739 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1555 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
717 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
730 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
923 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1373 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2434 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1462 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23024 Morohashi
2794 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3899 New Nelson (John Haig)
1450 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1558 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
968 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3874 2001 Kanji
5h8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-5 SKIP code
6710.7 Four corner code
1-44-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76df Unicode hex code