Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
skin
Parts:
pelt, skin, hide, leather, skin radical (no. 107)
Kun:
かわ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
1092 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 皮肉 【ヒニク】 irony, sarcasm, cynicism, satire, unexpected, different from what one expected, not as one had planned, (only) surface, something superficial, skin and bone, body
  • 皮革 【ヒカク】 leather, hide
  • 表皮 【ヒョウヒ】 epidermis, cuticle, bark, epidermis, facade
  • 上皮 【ウワカワ】 outer layer (e.g. of skin), cuticle, epidermis, bark, rind, crust, film (on the surface of a liquid), scum, epithelium

Kun reading compounds

  • 皮 【かわ】 skin, hide, pelt, fur, rind, peel, husk, bark, shell, sheath, wrapping, mask (hiding one's true nature), seeming
  • 皮切り 【かわきり】 beginning, start
  • 一皮 【ひとかわ】 unmasking
  • 薄皮 【うすかわ】 thin skin

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
pi2
Korean:
pi

Spanish

  • pellejo
  • piel
  • cuero
  • pelaje

Portuguese

  • pelego
  • pele
  • esconder
  • couro

French

  • peau
  • cuir
  • fourrure
  • radical peau (no. 107)
307 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
396 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
374 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
939 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3109 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
863 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
755 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
975 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1008 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1144 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1367 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3771 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1923 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2615 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
810 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
22823 Morohashi
3037 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3878 New Nelson (John Haig)
802 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
865 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
258 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1667 2001 Kanji
2h3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-2 SKIP code
4-5-4 SKIP code
4024.7 Four corner code
1-40-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76ae Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
jade (king) 玉 (王)
Parts:
present, existing, actual
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
85 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 現 【ゲン】 present (e.g. government, administration), current, existing
  • 現役 【ゲンエキ】 active duty, active service, student taking (university) entrance exams while still enrolled in school, student who passed their university entrance exams on the first try
  • 具現 【グゲン】 incarnation, embodiment, realization, giving concrete form (to)
  • 体現 【タイゲン】 personification, impersonation, embodiment

Kun reading compounds

  • 現れる 【あらわれる】 to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise, to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
  • 表す 【あらわす】 to represent, to signify, to stand for, to reveal, to show, to display, to express, to make widely known
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 きら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian4
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • presente
  • actual
  • real
  • aparecer
  • hacerse visible
  • mostrarse
  • manifestar
  • expresar

Portuguese

  • presente
  • exist6encia
  • realidade

French

  • le présent
  • existant
  • actuel
  • montrer
602 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
692 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
666 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
82 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2943 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
495 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
735 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1360 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
298 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
298 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
578 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1320 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
657 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
879 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
265 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21004 Morohashi
968 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3645 New Nelson (John Haig)
259 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
275 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
67 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
732 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3157 2001 Kanji
4f7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
1611.0 Four corner code
1-24-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
73fe Unicode hex code