Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷ややかさ 【ひややかさ】 coldness, frigidity, indifference
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
square
Parts:
direction, person, alternative
Kun:
かた-かた-がた
On:
ホウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
46 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 方 【ホウ】 direction, way, side, area (in a particular direction), side (of an argument, etc.), one's part, type, category, field (of study, etc.), indicates one side of a comparison, way, method, manner, means, length (of each side of a square)
  • 方言 【ホウゲン】 dialect
  • 途方 【トホウ】 way, destination, reason
  • 右方 【ウホウ】 right side, style of Japanese court music

Kun reading compounds

  • 方 【かた】 direction, way, person, lady, gentleman, method of, manner of, way of, care of ..., person in charge of ..., side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
  • 方々 【かたがた】 they (of people), gentlemen (of the ...), you (usu. plural), various
  • 親方 【おやかた】 master, boss, chief, foreman, supervisor, stable master, craftsman, artisan, foster parent
  • 出方 【でかた】 attitude, approach, move, theater usher, theatre usher

Readings

Japanese names:
から、 な、 なた、 ふさ、 まさ、 みち、 も、 わ
Chinese:
fang1
Korean:
bang

Spanish

  • dirección
  • lado
  • cuadrado
  • método
  • manera
  • persona
  • forma de hacer

Portuguese

  • direção
  • pessoa
  • alternativa

French

  • direction
  • personne
  • alternative
138 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
223 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
204 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
28 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2082 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
26 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
182 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
85 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
70 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
70 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
43 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
957 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2459 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1243 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1709 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
501 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13620 Morohashi
1963 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2389 New Nelson (John Haig)
490 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
529 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
25 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
102 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
445 2001 Kanji
4h0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
3-3-1 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
42-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
65b9 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
grain
Parts:
extent, degree, law, formula, distance, limits, amount
Kun:
ほど-ほど
On:
テイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
514 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 程度 【テイド】 degree, amount, grade, standard, of the order of (following a number), about, approximately
  • 程朱学 【テイシュガク】 neo-Confucianism (based on the teaching of the Cheng brothers and Zhu Xi)
  • 規程 【キテイ】 official regulations, inner rules
  • 修士課程 【シュウシカテイ】 master's course

Kun reading compounds

  • 程 【ほど】 degree, extent, bounds, limit, upper limit
  • 程なく 【ほどなく】 soon, before long, shortly thereafter
  • 驚くほど 【おどろくほど】 to a surprising degree, to a remarkable extent, surprisingly, astonishingly, amazingly, alarmingly
  • 善き程 【よきほど】 greatly, considerably

Readings

Japanese names:
ほと
Chinese:
cheng2
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • grado
  • extensión
  • distancia
  • ley
  • límites
  • limite

Portuguese

  • extensão
  • grau
  • lei
  • fórmula
  • distância
  • limites
  • quantia

French

  • ampleur
  • degré
  • loi
  • formule
  • distance
  • limites
  • quantité
  • bientôt
846 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
777 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
754 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
530 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3285 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
371 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
781 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1641 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
417 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
423 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
671 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1439 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1524 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
806 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1100 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
903 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25081P Morohashi
1190 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4144 New Nelson (John Haig)
894 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
960 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
276 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
761 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2272 2001 Kanji
5d7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-7 SKIP code
2691.4 Four corner code
36-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a0b Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
shoot, arrow
Parts:
style, ceremony, rite, function, method, system, form, expression
On:
シキ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
251 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 式 【シキ】 equation, formula, expression, ceremony, style, enforcement regulations (of the ritsuryo)
  • 式場 【シキジョウ】 ceremonial hall (e.g. wedding, funeral), hall for ceremonies, place of ceremony
  • 硬式 【コウシキ】 hard (esp. of hardball, tennis, etc.)
  • 型式 【カタシキ】 model (e.g. of a vehicle), type

Readings

Japanese names:
のり
Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
sig

Spanish

  • ceremonia
  • método
  • sistema
  • forma

Portuguese

  • estilo
  • cerimônia
  • rito
  • método
  • sistema
  • formulário

French

  • type
  • protocole
  • cérémonie
  • rituel
  • fonction
  • processus
  • système
  • forme
417 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
311 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
295 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
185 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1556 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
349 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
515 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
306 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
525 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
534 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
796 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
602 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3785 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1931 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2623 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
359 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9663 Morohashi
3049 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1676 New Nelson (John Haig)
353 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
377 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
356 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
269 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
4n3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-3 SKIP code
4310.0 Four corner code
28-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f0f Unicode hex code