Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
-こ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
72 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 子 【シ】 child (esp. a boy), viscount, founder of a school of thought (esp. Confucius), master, masters and philosophers (categorization of Chinese classical literature), you, -er (i.e. man who spends all his time doing...)
  • 子宮 【シキュウ】 womb, uterus
  • 中性子 【チュウセイシ】 neutron
  • 精子 【セイシ】 sperm
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 金子 【キンス】 money, funds
  • 恵比寿 【エビス】 Ebisu, god of fishing and commerce
  • 対子 【トイツ】 pair, eyes
  • 七対子 【チートイツ】 seven pairs, winning hand composed of seven pairs

Kun reading compounds

  • 子 【こ】 child, young (animal), young woman, young geisha, offshoot, interest, new shares, player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.), bird egg, -er (often of young women)
  • 子 【こう】 child, interest
  • 根っこ 【ねっこ】 root (of a plant), stump (of a tree), root (of a problem, etc.), base, foundation, origin, source
  • 江戸っ子 【えどっこ】 true Tokyoite, Edoite, person born and raised in Edo
  • 子 【ね】 the Rat (first sign of the Chinese zodiac), hour of the Rat (around midnight, 11pm to 1am, or 12 midnight to 2am), north, eleventh month of the lunar calendar
  • 子忌み 【ねいみ】 collecting herbs and pulling out young pine trees by the roots (annual event held on the first day of the Rat of the New Year)
  • 庚子 【かのえね】 Metal Rat (37th year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1960, 2020, 2080)
  • 甲子 【きのえね】 Wood Rat (1st year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1924, 1984, 2044)

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 き、 ぎ、 く、 け、 ねっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zi3, zi2, zi5
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • chiquillo
  • niño

Portuguese

  • criança

French

  • enfant
  • signe de la 1ère branche terrestre
  • signe du Rat (zodiaque)
  • 23 h à 01 h
  • Nord (0°)
31 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
40 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
25 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
56 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1264 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
61 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
43 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
38 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
103 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
103 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
69 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
455 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4196 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2125 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2872 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
96 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6930 Morohashi
3390 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1281 New Nelson (John Haig)
95 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
99 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
42 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
18 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3547 2001 Kanji
2c0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
4-2-1 SKIP code
1740.7 Four corner code
1-27-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b50 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess
Kun:
みや
On:
キュウグウクウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N1
367 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 宮 【キュウ】 palace, tonic (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale), ancient Chinese punishment (castration for men, or confinement for women), zodiacal sign
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 離宮 【リキュウ】 imperial villa, royal villa, detached palace
  • 巨蟹宮 【キョカイキュウ】 Cancer (4th zodiacal sign), the Crab
  • 宮司 【グウジ】 chief priest
  • 宮寺 【グウジ】 Buddhist temple within a Shinto shrine
  • 二宮 【ニグウ】 the Two Ise Shrines
  • 東宮 【トウグウ】 crown prince
  • 宮内庁 【クナイチョウ】 Imperial Household Agency
  • 宮内 【クナイ】 inside the Imperial Palace, Department of the Imperial Household
  • 月宮 【ゲッキュウ】 moon palace of the Hindu god Chandra
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period
  • 内宮 【ナイクウ】 Inner Ise Shrine
  • 外宮 【ゲクウ】 outer shrine of the Ise Grand Shrine

Kun reading compounds

  • 宮 【みや】 shrine, palace, imperial residence, Imperial prince, Imperial princess, headboard with built-in shelves, drawers, etc., temple
  • 宮家 【みやけ】 house of a prince of the blood
  • 若宮 【わかみや】 young imperial prince, child of the imperial family, shrine dedicated to a child of the god of the main shrine, newly built shrine (to which a divided tutelary deity has just been transferred)
  • 大宮 【おおみや】 imperial palace, shrine, Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child, elderly woman of imperial lineage

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐ、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gung

Spanish

  • príncipe
  • familia imperial
  • santuario

Portuguese

  • Templo Shinto
  • constelação
  • palácio
  • princesa

French

  • sanctuaire
  • constellations
  • palais
  • princesse
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
256 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
419 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1310 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
546 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1209 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1184 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
721 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
734 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
929 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
482 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2828 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1459 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1042 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7156 Morohashi
2274 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1336 New Nelson (John Haig)
1033 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1110 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
353 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.6 Four corner code
1-21-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bae Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
evening, sunset
Parts:
outside
Kun:
そとほかはず.すはず.れると-
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
81 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 外 【ガイ】 outside of, not covered by
  • 外圧 【ガイアツ】 external pressure, outside pressure, foreign pressure
  • 渉外 【ショウガイ】 public relations, client liaison, client relations
  • 在外 【ザイガイ】 overseas, abroad
  • 外科 【ゲカ】 surgery, department of surgery (hospital, etc.)
  • 外科医 【ゲカイ】 surgeon

Kun reading compounds

  • 外 【そと】 outside, exterior, the open (air), other place, somewhere else, outside one's group (family, company, etc.)
  • 外壁 【がいへき】 outer wall
  • 大外 【おおそと】 far out wide (horse racing), far outside
  • 家の外 【いえのそと】 outside the house
  • 他 【ほか】 other (place, thing, person), the rest, et al., outside, beyond, nothing except, nothing but, nothing apart from, nothing aside from, no choice (but to), besides..., in addition to...
  • 外人 【がいじん】 foreigner (esp. one of European ancestry), gaijin, outsider
  • この外 【このほか】 besides, moreover, in addition
  • 思いのほか 【おもいのほか】 unexpectedly, surprisingly
  • 外す 【はずす】 to remove, to take off, to detach, to unfasten, to undo, to drop (e.g. from a team), to remove (from a position), to exclude, to expel, to leave (e.g. one's seat), to go away from, to step out, to slip away, to dodge (a question, blow, etc.), to evade, to sidestep, to avoid (e.g. peak season), to miss (a target, chance, punch, etc.)
  • 外れる 【はずれる】 to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear), to miss the mark, to get it wrong (e.g. guess, expectation), to draw a blank (e.g. lottery), to be removed, to be excluded, to be contrary to, to go against

Readings

Japanese names:
うい、 け、 ふか
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wai4
Korean:
oe

Spanish

  • fuera
  • exterior
  • otro
  • desatar
  • estar desatado
  • estar desconectado

Portuguese

  • Exterior

French

  • extérieur
56 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
91 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
120 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1168 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
42 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
38 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
139 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
83 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
83 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
404 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
215 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
112 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5750 Morohashi
186 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1125 New Nelson (John Haig)
111 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
116 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
69 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
105 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2554 2001 Kanji
2m3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
2320.0 Four corner code
1-19-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5916 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
Variants:
pregnancy
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1413 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 妊婦 【ニンプ】 pregnant woman
  • 妊娠 【ニンシン】 pregnancy, conception, gestation
  • 不妊 【フニン】 infertility, sterility, barrenness
  • 懐妊 【カイニン】 pregnancy, conception

Kun reading compounds

  • 孕む 【はらむ】 to conceive, to become pregnant, to get filled with (e.g. sails filled with wind), to be swollen with, to contain (a contradiction, danger, etc.), to carry (a problem, consequences, etc.), to involve (e.g. risk), to be swollen and ripe (of a plant ear, head, sprout, etc.)
  • 身ごもる 【みごもる】 to become pregnant

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ren4
Korean:
im

Spanish

  • concepción
  • embarazo

Portuguese

  • gravidez

French

  • grossesse
  • enceinte (femme)
1676 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1673 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1197 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1314 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1187 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
955 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
985 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1330 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
435 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
281 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
177 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
519 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6072 Morohashi
240 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1189 New Nelson (John Haig)
507 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
546 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1112 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1772 2001 Kanji
3e4.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
4241.4 Four corner code
1-39-5 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
598a Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
with child, pregnancy
On:
シン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1623 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 人工妊娠 【ジンコウニンシン】 pregnancy resulting from artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization, etc. (esp. of animals)
  • 想像妊娠 【ソウゾウニンシン】 false pregnancy, pseudocyesis

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shen1, chen2, zhen4
Korean:
sin

Spanish

  • concepción
  • embarazo

Portuguese

  • grávida
  • gravidez

French

  • femme enceinte
1436 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1772 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1220 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1543 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1195 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
956 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
986 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1331 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
444 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
490 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
304 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
369 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2031 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6322 Morohashi
408 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1224 New Nelson (John Haig)
2012 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2168 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1323 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1765 2001 Kanji
3e7.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
4143.2 Four corner code
1-31-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5a20 Unicode hex code