Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
fundamentals, radical (chem), counter for machines, foundation
Kun:
もともとい
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
241 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 基 【キ】 group, (free) radical, counter for installed or mounted objects (e.g. stone lanterns, gravestones, satellites)
  • 起因 【キイン】 cause, origin
  • 塩基 【エンキ】 base
  • 開基 【カイキ】 foundation of a temple, laying a foundation (stone), open base

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 基 【もとい】 basis, foundation, cause
  • 失敗は成功のもと 【しっぱいはせいこうのもと】 failure teaches success, failure is a stepping-stone to success
  • 生兵法は大怪我のもと 【なまびょうほうはおおけがのもと】 a little learning is a dangerous thing
  • 基 【もとい】 basis, foundation, cause

Readings

Japanese names:
きい、 とも
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • fundamento
  • origen
  • base

Portuguese

  • fundamentais
  • radicais (Quim.)
  • comtador para máquinas
  • fundação

French

  • fondements
  • radical (chimie)
  • compteur de machines
  • fondations
755 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
670 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
641 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
382 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1098 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
688 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
435 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1493 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
450 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
457 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
691 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
354 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3312 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1716 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2330 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1783 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5197 Morohashi
2673 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1040 New Nelson (John Haig)
1767 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1904 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
251 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
726 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1972 2001 Kanji
3b8.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-5 SKIP code
2-8-3 SKIP code
4410.4 Four corner code
1-20-80 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
57fa Unicode hex code

18 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
cornerstone, foundation stone
Kun:
いしずえ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1224 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 礎石 【ソセキ】 foundation stone, cornerstone
  • 礎材 【ソザイ】 foundation materials
  • 定礎 【テイソ】 laying a cornerstone (foundation stone)
  • 柱礎 【チュウソ】 plinth

Kun reading compounds

  • 礎 【いしずえ】 foundation stone, cornerstone
  • 礎を築く 【いしずえをきずく】 to lay the foundation (for)

Readings

Japanese names:
もと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chu3
Korean:
cho

Spanish

  • piedra angular
  • piedra base
  • fundamento

Portuguese

  • Pedra angular
  • pedra de fundação

French

  • première pierre
  • première angulaire
1512 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1268 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3222 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1701 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1576 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2730 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1515 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1616 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
692 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1412 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1595 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
842 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1152 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
401 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24522 Morohashi
1248 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4054 New Nelson (John Haig)
394 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
421 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1898 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3370 2001 Kanji
5a13.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-13 SKIP code
1468.1 Four corner code
1-33-35 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
790e Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
withdraw, draw in, hold back, refrain from, be moderate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1000 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 控訴 【コウソ】 appeal to a higher court, intermediate appeal
  • 控除 【コウジョ】 subtraction, deduction (e.g. tax), subsidy

Kun reading compounds

  • 控える 【ひかえる】 to be temperate in, to refrain, to abstain, to hold back, to restrain oneself from excessive ..., to make notes, to jot down (e.g. phone number), to be in preparation for, to be in waiting for, to be soon, to be in the offing, to be in a close relationship (e.g. as a backer, etc.)
  • 控え 【ひかえ】 reserve, spare, backup, note, memorandum, duplicate, copy, stub (of a ticket, etc.), waiting one's turn
  • 控え室 【ひかえしつ】 waiting room, anteroom, antechamber, green room
  • お客様控え 【おきゃくさまひかえ】 customer copy (of a receipt, etc.)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong4
Korean:
gong, gang

Spanish

  • contención
  • refreno
  • moderación
  • apuntar
  • tomar nota
  • contenerse
  • refrenarse
  • moderarse

Portuguese

  • retirar
  • extrair
  • devolver
  • privar-se de
  • ser moderado

French

  • se retenir
  • s'abstenir
  • se retirer
  • réservé
  • modéré
1258 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1301 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1941 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1658 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1363 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1718 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1835 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1479 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
899 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
600 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
363 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1329 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12283 Morohashi
495 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2202 New Nelson (John Haig)
1318 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1415 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1440 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1372 2001 Kanji
3c8.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
5301.1 Four corner code
1-25-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
63a7 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
exclude, division (x/3), remove, abolish, cancel, except
Kun:
のぞ.く-よ.け
On:
ジョ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
594 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 除 【ジョ】 division
  • 除外 【ジョガイ】 exception, exclusion
  • 切除 【セツジョ】 cut off, cut out, ablation, resection, surgical removal
  • 防除 【ボウジョ】 prevention (of plant disease and insect damage), (pest) control, extermination (of harmful insects), protection (against natural disasters)
  • 除 【ジョ】 division
  • 除外 【ジョガイ】 exception, exclusion
  • 分解掃除 【ブンカイソウジ】 overhaul, taking apart and cleaning
  • 掃き掃除 【ハキソウジ】 sweeping and cleaning

Kun reading compounds

  • 除く 【のぞく】 to remove, to eliminate, to eradicate, to exclude, to except

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chu2
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • eliminar
  • quitar
  • excluir
  • dividir

Portuguese

  • excluir
  • divisão (mat.)
  • remover
  • abolir
  • cancelar
  • exceto

French

  • exclure
  • division (opération)
  • enlever
  • abolir
  • annuler
813 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
910 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
711 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
688 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4993 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
530 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
986 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1059 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1065 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1112 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
958 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
732 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
546 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
333 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
412 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1674 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41669 Morohashi
456 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6449 New Nelson (John Haig)
1658 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1787 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
905 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d7.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
7829.4 Four corner code
1-29-92 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9664 Unicode hex code