Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
slope, incline, hill
Kun:
さか
On:
ハン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
865 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 坂路 【ハンロ】 ramp, slope
  • 京阪 【ケイハン】 Kyoto-Osaka
  • 登坂 【トウハン】 climbing a slope (hill), ascending a hill

Kun reading compounds

  • 坂 【さか】 slope, hill
  • 坂道 【さかみち】 hill road
  • 海境 【うなさか】 boundary between the world of men and the world of the sea god
  • 急な坂 【きゅうなさか】 sudden drop, precipitous slope

Readings

Japanese names:
か、 ざ
Chinese:
ban3
Korean:
pan

Spanish

  • cuesta
  • pendiente

Portuguese

  • rampa
  • inclinação
  • morro

French

  • pente
  • incliner
  • colline
304 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
394 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
372 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
595 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1061 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
343 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
428 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
390 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
443 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
449 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
605 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
370 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
275 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
172 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
206 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
731 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4910 Morohashi
234 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
985 New Nelson (John Haig)
723 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
780 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
282 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1467 2001 Kanji
3b4.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
4114.7 Four corner code
26-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5742 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo)
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an alter), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
ten, complete
Parts:
Dr., command, esteem, win acclaim, Ph.D., exposition, fair
On:
ハクバク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
794 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 博 【ハク】 doctor, PhD, exposition, fair, exhibition
  • 博物 【ハクブツ】 natural history, wide learning, broad area of learning
  • 文博 【ブンハク】 doctor of literature
  • 医博 【イハク】 doctor of medicine, MD
  • 博 【ハク】 doctor, PhD, exposition, fair, exhibition
  • 博徒 【バクト】 gambler
  • 賭博 【トバク】 gambling

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐれ、 と、 はか、 ひろ
Chinese:
bo2
Korean:
bag

Spanish

  • amplio
  • abundante

Portuguese

  • Dr.
  • comando
  • estima
  • vencedor por aclamação
  • Ph.D.
  • exposição
  • feira

French

  • docteur
  • ovation
  • estimé
  • exposition
  • foire
  • gain
695 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
593 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
564 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
802 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
787 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
525 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1112 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1534 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
601 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
611 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
798 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
249 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
170 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
112 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
129 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
47 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2761P Morohashi
151 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
621 New Nelson (John Haig)
47 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
48 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
596 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1448 2001 Kanji
2k10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-10 SKIP code
4304.6 Four corner code
39-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
535a Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
dot
Parts:
of, this
Kun:
これゆくこの
On:
Jinmeiyō kanji, used in names
JLPT level N1
1318 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 之繞 【シンニョウ】 kanji "road" or "advance" radical (radical 162)
  • 之繞を掛ける 【シンニュウヲカケル】 to exaggerate

Kun reading compounds

  • 乃 【の】 's, of, belonging to
  • 之字運動 【のじうんどう】 zig-zag motion (esp. warship)
  • 此れ 【これ】 this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic), this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group), now, here, I (me), certainly

Readings

Japanese names:
ゆき、 いたる、 あき、 つな、 ゆみ、 くに、 のぶ、 ひさ、 ひで
Chinese:
zhi1
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • esto
  • de (partícula posesiva)

Portuguese

French

  • de
  • ceci
  • avancer (radical shinnyuu)
697 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
280 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1942 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
24 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2004 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
4228 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2137 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2886 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1222 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
125 Morohashi
3420 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
48 New Nelson (John Haig)
1214 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1299 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
670 2001 Kanji
0a2.9 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
4-2-4 SKIP code
3030.7 Four corner code
39-23 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e4b Unicode hex code