Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国際 【コクサイ】 international, diplomatic intercourse
  • 国語 【コクゴ】 national language, Japanese language (esp. as a school subject in Japan), one's native language, mother tongue, native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords and Chinese-derived words)
  • 大国 【タイコク】 large country, major nation, great power, province of the highest rank (ritsuryō system)
  • 開国 【カイコク】 founding a country, opening of a country (e.g. Japan) to the world, ending (a policy of) national seclusion

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国境 【こっきょう】 national border, provincial border
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際限 【サイゲン】 limits, end, bounds
  • 交際 【コウサイ】 company, friendship, association, society, acquaintance, (romantic) involvement, dating
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
1-26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
Variants:
study, learning, science
Kun:
まな.ぶ
On:
ガク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
63 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 学 【ガク】 learning, scholarship, study, erudition, knowledge, education, study of ..., -ology, -ics
  • 学生 【ガクセイ】 student (esp. a university student)
  • 大学 【ダイガク】 university, college, former imperial university of Japan (established under the ritsuryō system for the training of government administrators), the Great Learning (one of the Four Books)
  • 数学 【スウガク】 mathematics

Kun reading compounds

  • 学ぶ 【まなぶ】 to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xue2
Korean:
hag

Spanish

  • estudio
  • aprendizaje
  • ciencia
  • estudiar

Portuguese

  • estudo
  • aprendizagem
  • ciência

French

  • étudier
  • apprendre
  • science
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
10 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
33 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
66 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
44 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
719 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
109 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
109 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3162 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
330 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6974 Morohashi
2555 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1294 New Nelson (John Haig)
324 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
346 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
15 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
71 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
947 2001 Kanji
3n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
3240.7 Four corner code
9040.7 Four corner code
1-19-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b66 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
life
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
29 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 生 【セイ】 life, living, I, me, myself, student
  • 生徒 【セイト】 pupil, student, schoolchild
  • 人生 【ジンセイ】 (one's) life
  • 育成 【イクセイ】 rearing, training, nurture, cultivation, promotion
  • 生 【セイ】 life, living, I, me, myself, student
  • 生じる 【ショウジル】 to produce, to yield, to cause, to result from, to arise, to be generated
  • 出生 【シュッショウ】 birth
  • 畜生 【チクショウ】 damn it, damn, son of a bitch, for Christ's sake, beast, animal, person reborn into the animal realm, brute, bastard

Kun reading compounds

  • 生きる 【いきる】 to live, to exist, to make a living, to subsist, to be in effect, to be in use, to function, to come to life, to be enlivened, to be safe (in baseball, go, etc.)
  • 生きる力 【いきるちから】 zest for living, energy to live
  • 生かす 【いかす】 to make (the best) use of, to put to good use, to leverage (skills, attributes, experience, etc.), to capitalise on (experience, etc.), to let live, to keep alive, to revive, to resuscitate, to bring back to life, to restore (a deleted passage; in proofreading)
  • 生ける 【いける】 to arrange (flowers), to plant, living, live
  • 生ける屍 【いけるしかばね】 living corpse
  • 生まれる 【うまれる】 to be born
  • 生まれる 【うまれる】 to be born
  • 生まれ 【うまれ】 birth, birthplace, born in (country, month, imperial era, zodiac year, etc.)
  • 生まれる 【うまれる】 to be born
  • 生まれ 【うまれ】 birth, birthplace, born in (country, month, imperial era, zodiac year, etc.)
  • 生まれる 【うまれる】 to be born
  • 生む 【うむ】 to give birth, to bear (child), to lay (eggs), to produce, to yield, to give rise to, to deliver
  • 生う 【おう】 to grow, to spring up, to cut (teeth)
  • 生える 【はえる】 to grow, to spring up, to sprout, to cut (teeth)
  • 生やす 【はやす】 to grow, to cultivate, to wear a beard
  • 生 【き】 pure, undiluted, raw, crude
  • 生地 【きじ】 cloth, fabric, material, texture, dough, batter, inherent quality, one's true character, one's true colours, unglazed pottery, skin with no make-up, uncoated metal
  • 死に生き 【しにいき】 death and life, death or life, death
  • 生 【なま】 raw, uncooked, fresh, natural, as it is, unedited, unprocessed, unprotected (sex), live (i.e. not recorded), inexperienced, unpolished, green, crude, impudence, sauciness, unpasteurized beer, draft beer, draught beer, blank (e.g. disk), unused, just a little, somehow, vaguely, partially, somewhat, half-, semi-, insufficient, incomplete, half-baked, half-hearted, perfunctory, cash, tipsiness
  • 生り 【なまり】 boiled and half-dried bonito
  • お生 【おなま】 impudence, sauciness
  • 現ナマ 【げんナマ】 cold cash, hard cash
  • 生る 【なる】 to bear fruit
  • 生す 【なす】 to have a child
  • 生す 【むす】 to grow (of moss, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
あさ、 いき、 いく、 いけ、 うぶ、 うまい、 え、 おい、 ぎゅう、 くるみ、 ごせ、 さ、 じょう、 すぎ、 そ、 そう、 ちる、 なば、 にう、 にゅう、 ふ、 み、 もう、 よい、 りゅう
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
sheng1
Korean:
saeng

Spanish

  • vida
  • nacimiento
  • vivir
  • existir
  • nacer
  • dar a luz
  • puro
  • crudo

Portuguese

  • vida
  • genuína
  • nascimento

French

  • vie
  • naissance
  • authentique
  • cru
34 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
44 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
42 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
29 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2991 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
67 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
71 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
214 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
44 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
44 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
49 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1327 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4309 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2179 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2933 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1569 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21670 Morohashi
3497 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3715 New Nelson (John Haig)
1555 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1675 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
9 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
43 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2472 2001 Kanji
0a5.29 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-2 SKIP code
2510.0 Four corner code
1-32-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
751f Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
take along, lead, join, connect, party, gang, clique
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
30 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 連 【レン】 two reams (of paper), 1000 sheets (of paper), stanza, verse, tribe (in taxonomy), forecast (bet), bet which predicts the top 2 finishers (i.e. quinella or perfecta bet), party, company, group, set, things strung in a line, e.g. pearls, dried fish, spans of a bridge, etc., falcon
  • 連絡 【レンラク】 contacting, (making) contact, getting in touch, communication, correspondence, call, message, connection (with a train, bus, etc.), joining (a railway line, etc.), meeting, connection (between matters, incidents, etc.), relation, link
  • ソ連 【ソレン】 Soviet Union, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR
  • 旧ソ連 【キュウソレン】 former Soviet Union

Kun reading compounds

  • 連なる 【つらなる】 to extend, to stretch out, to stand in a row, to attend, to participate in, to enrol, to enroll, to join, to have a connection, to be related, to be linked
  • 連ねる 【つらねる】 to line up, to put in a row, to add (to a group), to accept (as a member of an organization, etc.), to join (e.g. a list), to link, to put together, to string together (e.g. compliments), to enumerate, to take along with, to bring with
  • 連れる 【つれる】 to take (someone) with one, to bring along, to go with, to be accompanied by

Readings

Japanese names:
ずれ、 つれ、 むらじ、 れ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lian2
Korean:
ryeon

Spanish

  • unir
  • acompañar
  • estar junto
  • grupo
  • agrupar

Portuguese

  • Levar pelo caminho
  • primazia
  • unir
  • conectar
  • partido
  • gangue
  • grupo

French

  • emmener
  • se mettre en rang
  • s'unir
  • série
  • parti
  • bande
  • clique
538 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
637 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
607 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
87 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4702 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
383 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
960 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1238 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
440 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
446 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
299 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
699 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3849 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1976 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2672 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
293 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38902P Morohashi
3103 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6062 New Nelson (John Haig)
287 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
305 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
101 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
560 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1555 2001 Kanji
2q7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3530.0 Four corner code
1-47-2 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9023 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
dish
Parts:
alliance, oath
On:
メイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
587 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 盟 【メイ】 alliance, aimag, league, administrative subdivision in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia
  • 盟約 【メイヤク】 oath, pledge, pact, covenant, alliance
  • 同盟 【ドウメイ】 alliance, union, league
  • 加盟 【カメイ】 joining (an association, agreement, etc.), participation, affiliation, accession

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
meng2, ming2
Korean:
maeng

Spanish

  • juramento
  • promesa
  • pacto
  • alianza

Portuguese

  • aliança
  • juramento

French

  • alliance
  • serment
873 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
991 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
979 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
775 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3119 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
739 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1555 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
717 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
730 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
923 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1373 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2434 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1462 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23024 Morohashi
2794 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3899 New Nelson (John Haig)
1450 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1558 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
968 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3874 2001 Kanji
5h8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-5 SKIP code
6710.7 Four corner code
1-44-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76df Unicode hex code