Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
evening, sunset
Parts:
outside
Kun:
そとほかはず.すはず.れると-
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
81 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 外 【ガイ】 outside of, not covered by
  • 外圧 【ガイアツ】 external pressure, outside pressure, foreign pressure
  • 渉外 【ショウガイ】 public relations, client liaison, client relations
  • 在外 【ザイガイ】 overseas, abroad
  • 外科 【ゲカ】 surgery, department of surgery (hospital, etc.)
  • 外科医 【ゲカイ】 surgeon

Kun reading compounds

  • 外 【そと】 outside, exterior, the open (air), other place, somewhere else, outside one's group (family, company, etc.)
  • 外壁 【がいへき】 outer wall
  • 大外 【おおそと】 far out wide (horse racing), far outside
  • 家の外 【いえのそと】 outside the house
  • 他 【ほか】 other (place, thing, person), the rest, outside, beyond, nothing except, nothing but, nothing apart from, nothing aside from, no choice (but to), besides..., in addition to...
  • 外人 【がいじん】 foreigner (esp. one of European ancestry), gaijin, outsider
  • この外 【このほか】 besides, moreover, in addition
  • 思いのほか 【おもいのほか】 unexpectedly, surprisingly
  • 外す 【はずす】 to remove, to take off, to detach, to unfasten, to undo, to drop (e.g. from a team), to remove (from a position), to exclude, to expel, to leave (e.g. one's seat), to go away from, to step out, to slip away, to dodge (a question, blow, etc.), to evade, to sidestep, to avoid (e.g. peak season), to miss (a target, chance, punch, etc.)
  • 外れる 【はずれる】 to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear), to miss the mark, to get it wrong (e.g. guess, expectation), to draw a blank (e.g. lottery), to be removed, to be excluded, to be contrary to, to go against

Readings

Japanese names:
うい、 け、 ふか
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wai4
Korean:
oe

Spanish

  • fuera
  • exterior
  • otro
  • desatar
  • estar desatado
  • estar desconectado

Portuguese

  • Exterior

French

  • extérieur
56 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
91 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
120 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1168 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
42 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
38 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
139 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
83 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
83 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
404 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
215 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
112 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5750 Morohashi
186 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1125 New Nelson (John Haig)
111 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
116 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
69 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
105 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2554 2001 Kanji
2m3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
2320.0 Four corner code
1-19-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5916 Unicode hex code