Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
public, prince, official, governmental
Kun:
おおやけ
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
118 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 公 【コウ】 public matter, governmental matter, prince, duke, lord, sir, familiar or derogatory suffix
  • 公園 【コウエン】 (public) park
  • 王侯 【オウコウ】 king and princes, noble rank
  • 大公 【タイコウ】 archduke
  • 公家 【クゲ】 court noble, nobility, Imperial Court
  • 公廨 【クガイ】 government office
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period

Kun reading compounds

  • 公 【おおやけ】 official, governmental, formal, public (use, matter, forum, etc.), common, being public knowledge, being out in the open, exposure to public view
  • 公にする 【おおやけにする】 to make public

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 き、 きみ、 きん、 たか、 ただし、 とも、 ひろ、 まさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • público
  • imparcial
  • oficial

Portuguese

  • público
  • príncipe
  • oficial
  • governamental

French

  • public
  • prince
  • officiel
  • gouvernemental
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
122 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
579 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
219 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
341 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
156 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
126 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
126 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
152 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1715 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
792 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1452 Morohashi
1974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
372 New Nelson (John Haig)
784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
847 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
212 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
92 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2071 2001 Kanji
2o2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8073.0 Four corner code
8073.2 Four corner code
1-24-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
516c Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
together, both, neither, all, and, alike, with
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
174 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 共同 【キョウドウ】 cooperation, collaboration, association, partnership, (acting in) unison, community, communal use, common possession, sharing
  • 共通 【キョウツウ】 common, shared, mutual, to be common (to), to be shared (by), -wide
  • 反共 【ハンキョウ】 anticommunist
  • 中共 【チュウキョウ】 Chinese Communist Party, Chinese Communists, Communist China

Kun reading compounds

  • 共 【とも】 together with, same, both, all, neither, none, including ...
  • 共に 【ともに】 together, jointly, at the same time, with, as ..., including, along with, both
  • 送料共 【そうりょうとも】 including postage
  • 母子とも 【ぼしとも】 both mother and child
  • 共に 【ともに】 together, jointly, at the same time, with, as ..., including, along with, both
  • 共にする 【ともにする】 to do together, to share, to participate in

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong4, gong1, gong3
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • ambos
  • conjuntamente
  • juntos
  • también

Portuguese

  • juntamente
  • ambos (em afirm.)
  • nenhum (em neg.)
  • todo
  • e
  • da mesma forma
  • com

French

  • ensemble
  • les deux
  • ni l'un ni l'autre
  • tous
  • et
  • semblable
  • avec
376 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
484 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
460 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
159 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
581 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
240 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
342 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
292 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
196 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
196 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
419 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
154 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3045 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1551 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2122 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1812 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1458 Morohashi
2393 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
373 New Nelson (John Haig)
1795 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1934 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
106 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
464 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1961 2001 Kanji
3k3.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-2 SKIP code
2-3-3 SKIP code
4480.1 Four corner code
1-22-6 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5171 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
rap 攴 (攵)
Parts:
set free, release, fire, shoot, emit, banish, liberate
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
288 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 放送 【ホウソウ】 broadcasting, broadcast, program, announcement
  • 放る 【ホウル】 to throw, to fling, to hurl, to toss, to neglect, to abandon, to leave alone, to give up on, to leave undone, to leave unfinished
  • 開放 【カイホウ】 opening (a door, window, etc.), leaving open, opening up (e.g. to the public), allowing (public) access
  • 解放 【カイホウ】 release, unleashing, liberation, emancipation, setting free, deallocation (of computer memory)

Kun reading compounds

  • 放す 【はなす】 to release, to let go, to free, to set free, to let loose, to turn loose, to add (pieces of eggplant, potato, etc.) to water, broth, etc.
  • 放つ 【はなつ】 to fire (gun, arrow, questions, etc.), to shoot, to hit (e.g. baseball), to break wind, to set free, to release, to let loose, to emit (e.g. light), to give off (e.g. a scent), to send out (a person to carry out a duty), to set fire to
  • 放れる 【はなれる】 to get free (from), to be freed, to be released
  • 放く 【こく】 to let loose (e.g. a fart), to utter (e.g. a lie), to say, to do
  • 放る 【ほうる】 to throw, to fling, to hurl, to toss, to neglect, to abandon, to leave alone, to give up on, to leave undone, to leave unfinished

Readings

Japanese names:
はなれ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fang4
Korean:
bang

Spanish

  • dejar libre
  • soltar
  • liberar
  • emitir
  • separarse
  • abandonar

Portuguese

  • libertar
  • liberação
  • fogo
  • disparar
  • emitir
  • banir
  • liberar

French

  • libérer
  • relâcher
  • renvoyer
  • enflammer
  • bannir
  • émettre
512 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
414 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
391 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
282 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2084 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
287 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
585 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
606 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
512 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
521 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
723 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
935 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1058 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
570 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
754 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
507 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13133 Morohashi
853 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2333 New Nelson (John Haig)
496 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
535 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
325 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
314 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
4h4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
0824.0 Four corner code
1-42-92 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
653e Unicode hex code

9 strokes (also 8)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
escort, send
Kun:
おく.る
On:
ソウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
311 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 送料 【ソウリョウ】 postage, carriage, shipping charge
  • 送別 【ソウベツ】 farewell, send-off
  • 放送 【ホウソウ】 broadcasting, broadcast, program, announcement
  • 郵送 【ユウソウ】 mailing, posting

Kun reading compounds

  • 送る 【おくる】 to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch, to transmit, to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person), to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury, to spend (time), to live one's life, to pass (down the line), to affix okurigana

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
song4
Korean:
song

Spanish

  • enviar
  • remitir
  • expedir

Portuguese

  • acompanhante
  • enviar

French

  • escorter
  • envoyer
268 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
349 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
331 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
220 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4683 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
192 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
260 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
441 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
447 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
206 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
686 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3837 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1968 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2664 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2035 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38842P Morohashi
3093 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6039 New Nelson (John Haig)
2016 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2172 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
440 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
335 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
963 2001 Kanji
2q6.9 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-6 SKIP code
3-2-6 SKIP code
3830.3 Four corner code
1-33-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9001 Unicode hex code